ch. 10

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jcandyj_80alba
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168651
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ch. 10
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2012-09-23 14:19:49
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endocrine 10
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endocrine ch 10
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  1. Secretes hormones into the blood stream
    endocrine
  2. opposite of endocrine and secretes products onto outside. ex: sweat, lacrimal, sebacious, salivary, mammory glands
    exocrine
  3. is an organ which produces and secretes a substance.
    glands
  4. which glands have ducts
    exocrine
  5. which glands have no ducts (ductless gland).
    endocrine
  6. have receptors (like a key to a lock) specific to a hormone
    target tissue or target organs
  7. Chemicals which affect chemistry of a cell.
    hormones
  8. what is the function of hormones
    • increase or decrease metabolism in a target cell
    • regulates growth
    • regulate pH
    • food metabolism
    • regulate release of other hormones
  9. an organ that is a portion of the brain that produces hormones. controls the pituatary and connects the nervous system to the endocrine system
    hypothalamus
  10. Hypothalamus produces a hormone called ___ that travels to the pituatry gland.
    Thyroid Releasing Hormone (TRH)
  11. which hormone decreases release of the hormones
    inhibitis hormone
  12. What type of glands are Ductless glands that secrete hormones into the blood?
    Endocrine glands
  13. Structural variations of the amino acid tyrosine; thyroxine, epinephrine
    amines
  14. chanies of amino acids
    Proteins
  15. Peptides; Insulin, GH, Glucagon are examples of what chemistry of hormones
    proteins
  16. ADH and xytocin are what chemistry of hormones
    peptides
  17. made from cholestrol
    steroids
  18. cortiso, aldosterone, estrogen, testosterone are all hormones made from
    steroids
  19. When are hormones secreted
    When ther is a need for their effects.
  20. The secretion of most hormones is regulated by what mechanisms.
    negative feedback mechanisoms
  21. Is it the anterior pituitary gland or posterior pituitary gland that regulate many body functions? An they are regulated by what hormones from the hypothalamus.
    anterior and releasing hormones from the hypothalamus
  22. veins that allow secreted releasing hormones that has passed through capillaries  in the hypothalamus
    hypophyseal portal veins
  23. what are the hormones of the anterior pituitary
    • GH-growth hormone
    • TSH-Thyroid Stimulating Hormone
    • ACTH-Adrenocorticotropic hormone
    • FSH-follicle stimulating hormone
    • LH-Luteinizing Hormone
    • PROLACTIN
  24. What are the hormones of the posterior pituitary
    • ADH-Antidiuretic Hormone
    • Oxytocin
  25. The posterior pituatry gland is stimulated by
    nerve impulses from the hypothalamus
  26. What is another name for ADH (Antidiuretic Hormone
    Vasopressin
  27. What does antidiuretic hormone do
    increase the reabsortion of wate by kidney which decreases urine
  28. Cortex: Aldosterone, Cortisol, Sex hormones
    Medulla: Epinephrine and Norepinephrine
    Adrenal (Suprarenal) Glands
  29. Testotsterone,
    Inhibin
    Testes
  30. Estrogen
    Progesteron
    Inhibin
    Ovaries
  31. Insulin
    Glocagon
    Pancreas
  32. Immune Hormones
    Thymus Gland
  33. Thyroxine and T3
    Calcitonin
    Thyroid Gland
  34. Releasing hormones for anterior pituatary
    Hypothalamus
  35. Anterior: GH, TSH, ACTH,FSH, LH, Prolactin
    Posterior: ADH, Oxytocin
    Pituitary (Hypophysis) gland
  36. melatonin
    pineal gland
  37. pth
    parathyroid glands
  38. Growth Horomone (GH) in the Anterior Pituatary gland and its target organ is
    Bones and Organs
  39. ACTH (Adrenocorticotropic Hormone) target organ is what and what does it stimulate
    • Adrenal Cortex
    • stimulates secretion of cortison and other hormones
  40. TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone) target organ is what and what the does it stimulate
    • thryoid gland
    • Stimulates normal growth of the thyroid and secretion of thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3).
  41. FSH (follicle stimulating hormone) target organ is
    Testes and ovaries
  42. LH (Lutenizing Hormone) target organ is
    ovaries and testes
  43. Prolactin target organ is
    Breasts
  44. Oxytocin target organs
    uterus and breasts
  45. ADH ( Antidiuretic Hormone) target organ is
    kidneys
  46. What is another name for growth hormone (GH
    somatotropin
  47. what is another name for growth hormone-inhibiting hormone
    somatostatin
  48. what is another name for TSH
    thyrotropin
  49. FSH is one of which hormone and what does it effect
    • gonadotropic hormone
    • effects the gonads: ovraries or testes.
  50. What does FSH stimulate
    secretion of estrogen for women, sperm production in men and is stimulated by hypothalamus,
  51. what is another gonadotropic hormone and what does it stiumulate
    • Luteinizing Hormone (LH)
    • ovulation for women
    • Progesterone
    • men: interstitial cells of the testes to secrete testosterone in men
  52. Secretion of the LH hormone is regulated by
    GnRH in from the hypothalamus

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