Animal Dentistry

The flashcards below were created by user bestes27 on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. What does the term MESIAL mean?
    Closer to the midline, rostral (closer to the nose).
  2. What does the term DISTAL mean?
    Away from the midline, caudal (away from the nose).
  3. What does the term LINGUAL mean?
    Bottom, closer to the tongue.
  4. What does the term PALATAL mean?
    Upper jaw where tongue would be.
  5. What does the term BUCCAL mean?
    Back gums.
  6. What does the term DISTIBULAR mean?
    Front gums.
  7. What does the term APICAL mean?
    Towards the root.
  8. What does the term CORNEAL mean?
    Towards the crown.
  9. What does the term INTERADICULAR mean?
    Space between root.
  10. What is the top part of the gum/mouth called?
  11. What is the bottom part of the gum/mouth called?
  12. What is the term used for baby teeth?
  13. What are the numbers used for the top right maxilla permanentĀ teeth?
  14. What are the numbers used for top left maxilla permanent teeth?
  15. What are the numbers used for the bottom right mandible permanent teeth?
  16. What are the numbers used for the bottom left mandible permanent teeth?
  17. What numbers are used for the top right maxilla deciduous teeth?
  18. What are the numbers used for the top left maxilla deciduous teeth?
  19. What are the numbers used for the bottom left mandible deciduous teeth?
  20. What are the numbers used for the bottom right mandible deciduous teeth?
  21. What is theĀ formula for deciduous teeth for a canine?
    2 x (I 3/3, C 1/1, P 3/3) = 28 teeth
  22. What is the formula for deciduous teeth in a feline?
    2 x (I 3/3, C 1/1, P 3/2) = 26 teeth
  23. What is the formula for permanent teeth in a canine?
    2 x (I 3/3, C 1/1, P 4/4, M 2/3) = 42 teeth
  24. What is the formula for permanent teeth in a feline?
    2 x (I 3/3, C 1/1, P 3/2, M 1/1) = 30 teeth
  25. What does CARIE mean?
  26. What is the normal gingaval pocket number for a feline?
    Equal to or less than 1 mm.
  27. What is the normal gingaval pocket number for a canine?
    1-3 mm.
  28. Name the three skull types. What do they mean? Give an example?
    • 1. Brachycephalic. (Short nose) [Pug]
    • 2. Mesaticephalic. (Average nose) [Lab]
    • 3. Dolichocephalic. (Long nose) [Collie]
  29. What type of teeth do carnivores have? What do they do?
    Brachyodont teeth. They are short and sharp and stop growing after so long.
  30. What type of teeth do herbavores have? What do they do?
    Hypsodont teeth. They are long and flat and continue to grow do the animals do not grind them all the way down.
  31. What does the term DIPHYODONT mean?
    2 sets of teeth.
  32. What percent of dogs over three years of age have dental disease? Cats?
    • Dogs = 85%
    • Cats = 70%
  33. What tooth always ends in 4?
  34. What tooth always ends in 9?
    1st Molar.
  35. What is the spacel relationship of teeth in the mouth called?
  36. What does MALOCCLUSION mean?
    The incorrect alignment of the teeth in the mouth.
  37. What do we call the normal bite of cat or a dog?
    Scissors bite.
  38. What are some signs of oral disease?
    Pawing at the mouth, facial swelling, excessive drooling (ptyalism) , unusual aggresion, sneezing/snorting after eating or drinking, difficulty eating, anorexia, chattering of lower jaw, trouble swallowing (dysphagia), oral bleeding, bad breath (halotosis).
  39. What is the tissue at the top of the gumline?
  40. What is the pharynx?
    Back of the throat.
  41. What is GINGIVITIS?
    Inflammation of the gingava (gums).
  42. What is PERIODONTITIS?
    Inflammation of the periodontal.
  43. Most common disease in animals?
  44. What are the signs of periodontitis?
    tartar/plaque, periodontal pockets deeper, loose teeth.
  45. What is the term used for inflammation of the mouth?
  46. What does glyco protein and gram positive bacteria and food form?
  47. What does plaque minorolize to become?
    Tartar and calculus.
  48. What does tartar and calculus do?
    Harbors anearobic bacteria that produces endotoxins.
  49. Periodontal Disease Classification?
    • PD 0: clinically normal.
    • PD 1: gingivitisis with no attachment loss (only stage that can be reversed).
    • PD 2: <25% attachment loss, mild periodontitis.
    • PD 3: 25%-50% attachment loss, moderate periodontitis.
    • PD 4: >50% attachment loss, advanced periodontitis.
  50. What instrument is used for interoral examination? (It is used to mearsure the pocket size.)
  51. What instrument is used for searching the surface of the teeth to find cracks/holes in groves?
    Dental Explorer.
  52. What instrument scraped tartar off the teeth?
  53. What instrument scales under the gingava?
  54. What does periodontal debridement do?
    Removes bacterial plaque, endotoxins, hard calculus deposits, and halts disease process.
  55. What does polishing do?
    Smooths teeth and slows the plques build up process down.
  56. What are the sharpening stone?
    • Arkansas and India: lubercate with sharpening gel.
    • Ceramic: Water or dry.
    • Composition: Water
  57. What degree should you NOT exceed when useing the curette?
  58. Name some products used for grade III and grade IV periodontal disease.
    • Doxycyline gel (antibiotic gel)
    • Osteoconductive material (framing for osteoblast to form on tooth)
    • Chlorhexidine (antifungal)
  59. Class I Malocclusions?
    Jaw length is okay, but teeth are not lined up properly.
  60. Class II Malocclusions?
    • Longer maxilla, shorter mandible (overbite).
    • (Maxiallary prognathism, Mandibular brachygnathism)
  61. Class III Malocclusions?
    • Longer mandible, shorter maxilla (underbite)
    • (Mandibular prognathism, Maxillary brachygnathism)
  62. What breeds have the Class III Malocclusions as breed standards?
    Bulldogs, Pugs, Boxers.
  63. What is common in smaller breed dogs? What will we have to do to improve this?
    Small dogs will still have deciduous teeth (baby teeth) along with their permanent teeth. Interceptive orthodontics. Remove the deciduouse tooth so that the permanent tooth will have room.
  64. What does restorative dentistry do? What disease are treated with this?
    • Maintains tooth structure, tooth function.
    • Caries and fractured teeth.
  65. What are endodontics? What age is the minimal age for this?
    Root canals. 12 months.
  66. What is the pulp?
    Blood vessels, nerves, lymphatics, and connective tissue.
  67. What is exodontics? What are the indications and contraindications?
    Outside or extractions. Fractures, periodontal disease grade III and IV, FORLs. Severe aveolar boneloss and lack of client permission.
  68. What percent of dogs get oral tumors? Cats?
    • Dogs = 6%
    • Cats = 3%
  69. What percent of the 3% of cats get squamous cell carcinomas?
  70. What benign oral tumer is most common and seen often in boxers? What is the treatment of choice?
    Epulls. Surgery.
  71. What are the malignant oral tumors?
    • Malignant melanoma (pigmented).
    • Squamous cell carcinomas.
    • Fribrosarcomas (fibrous tissue).
    • Osteosarcoma (bone).
  72. What is the neolasia treatment?
    Surgery with radiation, chemotherapy and/or immunotherapy.
  73. What are the clinical signs of lymphocytic plasmacytic stomatitis? What is the etiology? What is the treatment?
    Anorexia, halotosis, dehydration, and bloody saliva. We do not know the cause. Immunosuppresant drugs, full mouth extactions, reutine dental cleanings. (MOST COMMON IN CATS)
  74. What is FORLs? What animal is it most commonly seen in? What is the treatment? What is the cause?
    Feline Odontoclastic Resorptive Lesions. Cats. Extraction or crown amputation. We do not know the cause.
Card Set:
Animal Dentistry
2012-09-03 19:36:27
Animal Dentistry

VT2000 Small Animal Medicine II.
Show Answers: