Medical Terminology

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Author:
jmturner
ID:
168712
Filename:
Medical Terminology
Updated:
2012-09-04 18:41:45
Tags:
terms
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Description:
Chapters 1 and 2
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  1. What word root(s) refer to the skin?
    • dermat: a term that describes a skin disease
    •         dermatitis - inflammation of the skin

    • cutane: a term that describes an anatomical structure
    •         cutaneous - pertaining to the skin
  2. What word root(s) refer to the kidney?
    • nephr: a term that describes a kidney disease
    •           nephroma - tumor of the kidney

    • ren: a term that describes an anatomical structure
    •           renal - pertains to the kidney
  3. What word root(s) refer to the mouth?
    • stomat: a term that describes any inflammatory condition of the mouth
    •           stomatitis - inflammation of the mouth

    • or: a term that describes an anatomical structure
    •          oral - pertaining to the mouth
  4. The word root + the vowel o/i equals...
              the combining form
  5. erythr/o means...
             red
  6. gastr/o means...
             stomach
  7. hepat/o means...
              liver
  8. immun/o means...
              immune, immunity, safe
  9. nephr/o means...
              kidney
  10. oste/o means...
              bone
  11. The combining form + the suffix equals...
              medical word
  12. the suffix -itis means...
              inflammation - gastro + -itis = gastritis: inflammation of the stomach
  13. the suffix -megaly means...
    enlargement - gastromegaly: enlargement of the stomach
  14. the suffix -oma means...
    tumor - gastroma: tumor of the stomach
  15. the prefix an- means...
    without or not
  16. the suffix hyper- means...
    excessive, above normal
  17. the suffix intra- means...
    in, within
  18. the suffix para- means...
    near, beside; beyond
  19. the suffix poly- means...
    many, much
  20. the word root esthes means...
             feeling
  21. the word root therm means...
              heat
  22. the word root muscul means...
              muscle
  23. the word root nas means...
              nose
  24. the word root ur means...
              urine
  25. the suffix -ia means...
              condition
  26. the suffix -ar, -ac, and -al means...
              pertaining to
  27. enter/ means
              intestine
  28. the suffix -cyte means...
              cell
  29. the word root chondr means...
              cartilage
  30. the word root arthr means...
    joint
  31. the suffix -tomy means...
    incision
  32. the suffix -tripsy means...
              crushing
  33. the word root lith/o means...
              stone, calculus
  34. the suffix -gram means
    record, writing
  35. the suffix -graph means...
    instrument for recording
  36. the suffix -graphy means...
    process of recording
  37. the suffix -meter means...
    instrument for measuring
  38. the suffix -metry means...
    act of measuring
  39. the suffix -scope means...
    instrument for examining
  40. the suffix -scopy means...
    visual examination
  41. the word root electr/o means...
              electricity
  42. the word root cardi/o means...
    heart
  43. the word root angi/o means...
    vessel (usuall blood or lymph)
  44. the root word pelv/i means...
    pelvis
  45. the prefix endo- means...
    in, within
  46. the suffix -algia (and -dynia) means...
    pain
  47. the suffix -cele means...
    hernia, swelling
  48. the suffix -ectasis means...
    dilation, expansion
  49. the word root bronchi means...
    bronchus
  50. the suffix -edema means...
    swelling
  51. the suffix -emia means...
    blood condition
  52. the suffixes -gen and -genesis means...
    forming, producing, origin
  53. the prefix hyper- means...
    excessive, above normal
  54. the word root carcin/o means...
    cancer
  55. the suffix -iasis means...
    abnormal condition (produced by something specific)
  56. the word root chol/e means...
    bile, gall
  57. the suffix -malacia means...
    softening
  58. the suffix -osis  means...
    • abnormal condition; increase (used primarily with blood cells)
    • cyanosis: indicates a deficiency of oxygen in the blood
  59. the word root cyan means...
    blue
  60. the suffix -pathy means...
    disease
  61. the suffix -penia means...
    decrease, deficiency
  62. the suffix -phagia means...
    eating, swallowing
  63. the prefix dys- means...
    bad; painful; difficult
  64. the suffix -phasia means...
    speech
  65. the suffix -phobia means...
    fear
  66. the word root hem/o means...
    blood
  67. the suffixes -plasia and -plasm mean...
    formation, growth
  68. the word root neo means...
    new
  69. the suffix -plegia means...
    paralysis
  70. the prefix hemi- means...
    one half
  71. the suffix -ptosis means...
    prolapse, downward displacement
  72. the word root blephar/o means...
    eyelid
  73. the suffixes -rrhage and -rrhagia mean...
    bursting forth (of)
  74. the word root men/o means...
    menses, menstruation
  75. the suffix -rrhea means...
    discharge, flow
  76. the prefix dia- means
    through, across
  77. the suffix -rrhexis means...
    rupture
  78. the word root arteri/o means...
    artery
  79. the suffix -sclerosis means...
    abnormal condition of hardening
  80. the suffix -spasm means...
    involuntary contraction, twitching
  81. the suffix -stenosis means...
    narrowing, stricture
  82. the suffix -toxic means...
    poison
  83. the suffix -trophy means...
    nourishment, development
  84. these 8 suffixes also means pertaining to...
    • -ary
    • -eal
    • -ic
    • -ical
    • -ile
    • -ior
    • -ous
    • -tic
  85. the word root pulmon means...
    lung
  86. the word root esophag means...
    esophagus
  87. the word root thorac means...
    chest
  88. the word root log means...
    study of
  89. the word root pen means...
    penis
  90. the word root poster means...
    back (of body), behind, posterior
  91. the word root acous means...
    hearing
  92. the suffixes -esis, -ia, and -ism mean...
    condition
  93. the prefix di- means...
    double
  94. the word root pneumon means....
    air; lung
  95. the word root thyroid means...
    thyroid gland
  96. the suffix -iatry means
    medicine; treatment
  97. the word root pod means...
     foot
  98. the suffixes -ician and -ist mean...
    specialist
  99. the word root obstetr means...
    midwife
  100. the suffix -y means...
    condition; process
  101. the suffixes -icle, -ole, and -ule mean...
    small, minute
  102. the word root ventr means...
    belly, belly side
  103. the word root ven means...
    vein

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