Acid and Base Disorders

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Author:
kchardy
ID:
168717
Filename:
Acid and Base Disorders
Updated:
2012-09-03 15:46:10
Tags:
Acid base balance acidosis Alkalosis
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Description:
Acid and Base disorders and balance
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  1. What two atoms do the buffering system absorb?
    H+ and OH-
  2. What are the two most important intracellular buffers?
    Phosphate and proteins
  3. What is the normal level of pH
    7.35-7.45
  4. pH levels <7.35
    Alkalemia
  5. pH levels >7.45
    Acidemia
  6. What are the normal levels of PcC02?
    35-45
  7. PaCO2 >45
    Respiratory acidosis - resp depressions, comensated metabolic alkalosis
  8. PaC02 <35 
    Respiratory Alkalosis - compensated metabolic acidosis
  9. PaC02 Normal
    Normal metabolic process - lungs cannot compensate
  10. What is the normal range for HC03?
    22-26
  11. HC03 >26
    Metabolic alkalosis 
  12. HC03 <22
    Metabolic acidosis or compensated respiratory alkalosis
  13. What are causes of metabolic alkalosis
    • prolonged vomiting
    • GI suctioning
    • excessive bicarbonate intake
    • hyperaldosteronism¬†
    • diuretic therapy
  14. What are causes of metabolic acidosis
    • Hypoxemia
    • renal failure
    • diabetic ketoacidosis
  15. What are causes of repiratory acidosis
    • Carbon dioxide excess
    • Airway obstruction
  16. What are causes of respiratory alkalosis
    • Fever
    • Anemia
    • high altitudes
    • hesteria
    • cirrhosis
    • gram negative sepsis
    • Hyperventilation

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