Card Set Information
Which says or asks something about the subject or tells the subject to do something. In simple sentences = rest of sentence after the subject
Aka Noun markers or determiners. A, An, the
I, me, you, he, she, him, her, it, we, us, them, they
My, mine, your, yours, her, hers, his, its, our, ours, their theirs
Myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, oneself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves
Do not refer to specific nouns. Ex.: all, another, anybody, both, either, each, few, everything, many, most, neither, none, no one, nothing, one, some, something
Identify or point to specific nouns. This, that, these, those
Tells to whom or what, or for whom or what, the verb’s action is done. The indirect object is the recipient of the direct object
Group of words containing a subject and predicate
Begin with a subordinating word and cannot stand alone
Consists of one independent clause and at least one dependent clause
Two or more independent clauses and no dependent clauses. Clauses may be joined by a semicolon or by a comma and a coordinating conjunction
The subject is acting
The subject is being acted upon.
States facts or opinions and asks questions
Gives commands and instructions
Expresses wishes, requests/demands and conditions contrary to fact. Used primarily in dependent clauses beginning with that or if. Ex. If I were doing the right thing, …
Who versus whom
Who subject, whom object. If substituting/answering he is correct, use who/whoever. If substituting/answering him is correct, use whom/whomever
Antecedent of a pronoun
Word that a pronoun refers to
When to link clauses with a comma and a coordinating conjunction
The two clauses are closely related and equally important.
When to link clauses with a semicolon
Ideas in the two clauses are closely related and you want to give them equal emphasis.
Tells a story or relates a chain of events
Introduces or explains a subject, gives groundwork information that is necessary for understanding later ideas, or analyzes information objectively.
Technical writing passage
Passes along precise information, usually about a specific topic, and usually ina formal or semi-formal style
Persuasive writing passage
Tries to get the reader to agree with the author.
General subject matter covered by the work
Work’s specific message – reason the text was written
Subjects that a written work frequently touches upon.
Flesh out and explain the main idea.
Next step or logical conclusion what is not actually written in the text
Inform, persuade, entertain, express feelings