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  1. Predicate
    Which says or asks something about the subject or tells the subject to do something.  In simple sentences = rest of sentence after the subject
  2. Articles
    Aka Noun markers or determiners.  A, An, the
  3. Personal pronouns
    I, me, you, he, she, him, her, it, we, us, them, they
  4. Possessive pronouns
    My, mine, your, yours, her, hers, his, its, our, ours, their theirs
  5. Reflexive pronouns
    Myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, oneself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves
  6. Indefinite pronouns
    Do not refer to specific nouns. Ex.: all, another, anybody, both, either, each, few, everything, many, most, neither, none, no one, nothing, one, some, something 
  7. Demonstrative pronouns
    Identify or point to specific nouns. This, that, these, those
  8. Indirect object
    Tells to whom or what, or for whom or what, the verb’s action is done.  The indirect object is the recipient of the direct object
  9. Clause
    Group of words containing a subject and predicate
  10. Dependent clauses
    Begin with a subordinating word and cannot stand alone
  11. Complex sentence
    Consists of one independent clause and at least one dependent clause
  12. Compound sentence
    Two or more independent clauses and no dependent clauses.  Clauses may be joined by a semicolon or by a comma and a coordinating conjunction
  13. Active voice
    The subject is acting
  14. Passive voice
    The subject is being acted upon.
  15. Indicative mood
    States facts or opinions and asks questions
  16. Imperative mood
    Gives commands and instructions
  17. Subjunctive mood
    Expresses wishes, requests/demands and conditions contrary to fact.  Used primarily in dependent clauses beginning with that or if.  Ex. If I were doing the right thing, …
  18. Who versus whom
    Who subject, whom object. If substituting/answering he is correct, use who/whoever.  If substituting/answering him is correct, use whom/whomever
  19. Antecedent of a pronoun
    Word that a pronoun refers to
  20. When to link clauses with a comma and a coordinating conjunction
    The two clauses are closely related and equally important.
  21. When to link clauses with a semicolon
    Ideas in the two clauses are closely related and you want to give them equal emphasis.
  22. Narrative passage
    Tells a story or relates a chain of events
  23. Expository passage
    Introduces or explains a subject, gives groundwork information that is necessary for understanding later ideas, or analyzes information objectively.
  24. Technical writing passage
    Passes along precise information, usually about a specific topic, and usually ina formal or semi-formal style
  25. Persuasive writing passage
    Tries to get the reader to agree with the author.
  26. Topic
    General subject matter covered by the work
  27. Main idea
    Work’s specific message – reason the text was written
  28. Themes
    Subjects that a written work frequently touches upon.
  29. Supporting details
    Flesh out and explain the main idea.
  30. Inference
    Next step or logical conclusion what is not actually written in the text
  31. Author’s intent
    Inform, persuade, entertain, express feelings
Card Set:
2012-09-04 00:42:08

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