Class CMDS 3000

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Class CMDS 3000
2012-09-05 21:08:54

Chapters 1-4
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  1. Any exchange of ideas between sender(s) and receiver(s)
  2. Specific means of communication
    sight, hearing, smell, and touch 
  3. What are some variables that influence communication?
    Cultural identity, setting, participants 
  4. The study of variables that influence communication is known as what?
  5. Successful communication of cultural identity depends on 
    Age; socioeconomic status; geographical background; ethnicity; gender
  6. "a socially shared code or conventional system for representing concepts through the use of arbitrary symbols and rule-governed combination of those symbols"
  7. What are the basic components of human language?
    Form, content, and use
  8. Content consists of 
  9. Semantics is 
  10. Form consists of 
    Phonology, morphology, and syntax
  11. Phonology is 
    sound systems of language 
  12. Morphology is 
    the structure of words 
  13. A morpheme is 
    the smallest grammatical unit within a language (Bound or free) 
  14. Syntax is 
    how words are arranged in sentences (grammar)
  15. Use consists of 
  16. Pragmatics is 
    we speak for a reason 
  17. Another word for "spoken language" is
  18. What is articulation? 
    The way in which speech sounds are formed... how we move our tongue, teeth, lips, etc. 
  19. What is fluency?
    It is the rhythm and rate of speech.
  20. What is voice?
    Quality, loudness, and pitch
  21. 2/3s of our messages are what?
  22. Communication is generally thought to be disordered when it deviates from the community standards sufficiently enough that it...
    • a) interferes with the transmission of messages 
    • b) stands out as being unusually different
    • c) produces negative feelings within the communicator 
  23. ASHA defines communication and related disorders as disorders of: 
    Speech, orofacial/myofunctional patterns, language, swallowing, cognitive communication, hearing & balance
  24. "..the set of values, perceptions, beliefs, institutions, technologies, survival systems, and codes of conduct used by members of a specified group to ensure the acquisition and perpetuation of what they consider to be a high equality of life"
  25. Many languages have influence American English. For example, African American Vernacular English formed on the basis of social, cultural, and historical facts. What are two examples of these?
    The pidgins and creoles 
  26. What is code-switching?
    This is when speakers are presumed to be knowledgeable in other dialects as well.
  27. SLPs must view langauge variation as 
  28. What is the role of an Audiologist?
    An audiologist's role is to measure hearing ability and identify, assess, manage, and prevent disorders of hearing and balance. They select, fit, and dispense hearing aids and other assistive listening devices. They also consult with government and industry to recommend and fit hearing protection as well as evaluate and assist people with central auditory prcessing problems. 
  29. What type of degree does an audiologist have to have to be a professional employee? 
    An AuD and License; a doctorate degree is required. 
  30. What is the role of a Speech-Language Pathologist? 
    A Speech-Language Pathologist's role is to provide an assortment of services that relate to communicative disorders and swallowing. They also identify, assess, treat, and prevent speech, language, and swallowing disorders. They work across all communication modalities: spoken, written, pictorial, and manual. 
  31. What type of degree is required to be a professional employee as a Speech-Language Pathologist?
    A MCD (Mastors in communication disorders) and a license is required. 
  32. ASHA 
    American Speech, Language, and Hearing Association 
  33. NSSLHA
    National Student Speech, Language, and Hearing Association 
  34. SHAA
    Speech and Hearing Association of Alabama 
  35. AAA
    American Academy of Alabama
  36. What does ASHA do?
    They are scientific study of processes and disorders of human communication; clinical service in SLP and Audiology; maintenance of Ethical Standards; advocacy for individuals with communicative disabilities 
  37. The study of the structure of the body and the relationship of these structures to one another. 
  38. A science concerned with the function of organisms and bodily structures (a branch of biology). 
  39. The Speech Systems are
    Respiration, Phonation, Articulation, and Resonance
  40. Supplies oxygen to the body and removes carbon dioxide from the body; life support and phonation
  41. Keeps food and liquid (foreign objects) out of the windpipe (trachea) and the lungs; impounds air; principapl sound generator for phonation 
  42. Resonant acoustic tube were all sounds of spoken English are made; modifies the quality of sound produced by the larynx 
    vocal tract