Has been identified as the blending of Anthropology and Nursing
Who first called attention to cultural diversity in the 4th century BC. An ancient Greek Scholar.
idea was nurses needed an in depth knowledge of different cultures in order to care for individuals of various ethnicities
Leininger's culture care theory
The values, beliefs and norms and practices of a a particular group that are learned and shared and guide thinking, decisions and actions in a patterned way
who has the distinction of being first international and transcultural nurse?
Children watching adults and making assumptions on the "acceptable" ways to behave in different situations.
How is culture learned
What are the for basic characteristics of culture?
The ideals, customs, institutions, ect. of a society toward which the people of the group have an affective regard, these values may be positive, as cleanliness, freedom, or education, or negative, as cruelty, crime, or blasphemy.
Rules by which human behavior is governed
good vs evil
destiny, harmony, mastery
past, present, future
being growing doing
includes addressing the physical, psychological, social, emotional, and spiritual needs of the client
Culture DOES NOT
equal race and ethnicity
groups who's members share a common social and cultural heritage passed on to each successive generation
Biological concept, share distinguishing physical features such as skin color, bone structure, and blood group.
Developing an awareness for one's own existence, sensations, thoughts, and environment, without letting it have an undue influence on those from other backgrounds
demonstrating knowledge and understanding of the client's culture, health-related needs, and meanings of health and illness
Accepting and respecting cultural differences
What is the first step in cultural awareness
by exploring of your own values and heritage and ethnocentrism
What is the second step in cultural knowledge
health beliefs and behaviors
What is step 3 cultural sensitivity
Concerned with behavioral norms and communication patterns which differ across cultures that could potentially create problems and misunderstandings