Chapter 1 Quiz #1

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speedy4357
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169111
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Chapter 1 Quiz #1
Updated:
2012-09-05 17:07:50
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anatomy physiology
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Chapter 1, Quiz #1, Anatomy & Physiology
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  1. Anatomy
    the study of the structure of the human body
  2. Physiology
    the study of the functions of the human body
  3. Homeostasis
    the process of maintaining a dynaimic equilibrium within the body
  4. Negative feedback system
    a mecdhanism that is activated by an imbalance within the body and acts to correct it (most common)
  5. Positive feedback system
    a mechanism in which changes caue more similar changes
  6. List the needs of organisms
    • water
    • food
    • oxygen
    • heat
    • pressure
  7. Needs of Organisms:
    Water
    makes up most of the body; provides the environment for most chemical reactions
  8. Needs of Organisms:
    food
    source of raw materials and energy
  9. Needs of Organisms:
    oxygen
    required to release energy from food
  10. Needs of Organisms:
    heat
    many reactions in the body require a specific range of temperature; more heat=faster ractions
  11. Needs of Organisms:
    pressure
    aids in breathing
  12. abdominal
    the region between the thorax and pelvis
  13.  What is A?
    right and left hypohondriac
  14. What is B?
    epigastric
  15. What is C?
    right and left lumbar
  16. What is D?
    umbilical
  17. What is E?
    right and left iliac
  18. What is F?
    hypogastric
  19. acromial
    point of the shoulder
  20. antebrachial
    forearm
  21. antecubital
    front of elbow
  22. anillary
    armpit
  23. brachial
    upper arm
  24. buccal
    cheek
  25. carpal
    wrist
  26. cephalic
    the head region
  27. cervical
    neck
  28. costal
    referring to the ribs
  29. coxal
    hip
  30. crural
    lower leg
  31. cubital
    elbow
  32. digital
    fingers
  33. dorsal (posterior)
    back
  34. femoral
    thigh
  35. frontal
    forehead

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