MTCh 2

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Author:
Demoneia
ID:
169126
Filename:
MTCh 2
Updated:
2012-09-05 19:03:56
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Medical Terminology
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Description:
Terms Pertaining to the Body as a Whole
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    • 1. Cell membrane
    • 2. Mitochondria
    • 3. Nucleus
    • 4. Chromosome
    • 5. Ribosome
    • 6. Endoplasmic Reticulum
    • 7. Cytoplasm

  1. What quadrant is this and what organs are in it?
    Right Upper Quadrant (RUQ) - contains the right lobe of the liver, gallbladder, part of the pancreas, part of the small and large intestines.

  2. What quadrant is this and what organs are in it?
    Right Lower Quadrant (RLQ) - contains part of the small and large intestines, right ovary, right fallopian tube, appendix, right ureter.

  3. What quadrant is this and what organs are in it?
    Left Lower Quadrant (LLQ) - contains parts of the small and large intestines, left ovary, left fallopian tube, left ureter.

  4. What quadrant is this and what organs are in it?
    Left Upper Quadrant (LUQ) - contains the liver (left lobe), stomach, spleen, part of the pancreas, parts of the small and large intestines.

  5. What cavity is indicated by the orange colour and what does it include?
    Cranial Cavity - includes the brain and pituitary gland.

  6. What cavity is indicated by the red colour, and what does it include?
    Thoracic Cavity - includes the lungs, heart, esophagus, trachea, bronchial tubes, thymus gland, aorta.

  7. What cavity is indicated by the blue colour and what does it include?
    Abdominal Cavity - includes the kidneys, stomach, small and large intestines, spleen, pancreas, liver, and gallbladder.
  8. What is the peritoneum?
    The peritoneum is the double folded membrane surrounding the abdominal cavity.

  9. What cavity is indicated by the green colour and what does it include?
    Pelvic Cavity - includes portions of the small and large intestines, rectum, urinary bladder, urethra, and ureters; uterus and vagina in the female.

  10. What cavity is indicated by the grey colour and what does it include?
    Spinal Cavity - includes nerves of the spinal cord.

  11. Name the different sections of the spine and indicate which colour bracket it is.
    • Blue - Cervical Vertebrae C1-C7
    • Orange - Thoracic Vertebrae T1-T12
    • Green - Lumbar Vertebrae L1-L5
    • Purple - Sacral Vertebrae S1-S5Yellow - Coccygeal Vertebrae, composed of 4 fused pieces of the coccyx

  12. What region is indicated by the red square?
    Right Hypochondriac Region

  13. What region is indicated by the red square?
    Epigastric Region

  14. What region is indicated by the red square?
    Left Hypochondriac Region

  15. What region is indicated by the red square?
    Right Lumbar Region

  16. What region is indicated by the red square?
    Umbilical Region

  17. What region is indicated by the red square?
    Left Lumbar Region

  18. What region is indicated by the red square?
    Right Inguinal Region

  19. What region is indicated by the red square?
    Hypogastric Region

  20. What region is indicated by the red square?
    Left Inguinal Region
  21. Abdomin/o
    Abdomen
  22. Adip/o
    Fat
  23. Anter/o
    Front
  24. Bol/o
    To cast
  25. Cervic/o
    Neck (Of the body or uterus)
  26. Chondr/o
    Cartilage
  27. Chrom/o
    Colour
  28. Coccyg/o
    Coccyx
  29. Crani/o
    Skull
  30. Cyt/o
    Cell
  31. Dist/o
    Far/Distant
  32. Dors/o
    Back portion of the body
  33. Hist/o
    Tissue
  34. Ili/o
    Ilium
  35. Inguin/o
    Groin
  36. Kary/o
    Nucleus
  37. Later/o
    Side
  38. Lumb/o
    Lower back
  39. Medi/o
    Middle
  40. Nucle/o
    Nucleus
  41. Pelv/i
    Pelvis/Hip Region
  42. Poster/o
    Back/Behind
  43. Proxim/o
    Nearest
  44. Sacr/o
    Sacrum
  45. Sarc/o
    Flesh
  46. Spin/o
    Spine/Backbone
  47. Thel/o
    Nipple (now used as skin lying on bodily surfaces externally and internally lining cavities and organs)
  48. Thorac/o
    Chest
  49. Trache/o
    Trachea/Windpipe
  50. Umbilic/o
    Navel/Umbilicus
  51. Ventr/o
    Belly side of the body
  52. Vertebr/o
    Vertebrae/Backbones
  53. Viscer/o
    Internal organs
  54. Ana-
    Up
  55. Cata-
    Down
  56. Epi-
    Above
  57. Hypo-
    Below
  58. Inter-
    Between
  59. Meta-
    Change
  60. -eal
    Pertaining to
  61. -iac
    Pertaining to
  62. -ior
    Pertaining to
  63. -ism
    Process/Condition
  64. -ose
    Pertaining to/Full of
  65. -plasm
    Formation
  66. -somes
    Bodies
  67. -type
    Picture/Classification
  68. Craniotomy
    Removal of a diseased or injured portion of the brain.
  69. Thoracotomy
    Open heart surgery, or removal of lung tissue.
  70. Diskectomy
    Relief of symptoms from a bulging intervertebral disk.
  71. Mediastinoscopy
    Inspection of lymph nodes in the region between the lungs.
  72. Tracheotomy
    Emergency effort to remove foreign material from the windpipe.
  73. Laryngectomy
    Removal of a squamos cell carcinoma in the voice box.
  74. Arthroscopy
    Inspection and repair of torn cartilage in the knees.
  75. Peritoneoscopy
    Inspection of abdominal organs and removal of diseased tissue.
  76. Abdomen
    A body cavity below the chest
  77. Adipose
    Pertaining to/Full of fat
  78. Anabolism
    A process where small pieces of protein are fitted together to form larger links.
  79. Anterior
    Front surface of the body
  80. Cartilage
    Flexible connective tissue attached to bones and joints.
  81. Catabolism
    A process where sugar and fat are broken into simple substances and energy is released.
  82. Caudal
    Below another structure.
  83. Cell membrane
    Surrounds and protects the cell, regulates what goes in and out.
  84. Cephalic
    Pertaining to the head.
  85. Cervical
    Pertaining to the neck (or neck of the uterus).
  86. Chondroma
    Tumer of the cartilage.
  87. Chondrosarcoma
    A malignant fleshy tumor of the cartilage.
  88. Chromosome
    Bodies of colour -  nuclear sturctures that contain DNA.
  89. Coccygeal
    Pertaining to the coccyx.
  90. Coccyx
  91. Tailbone
  92. Cranial Cavity
    A cavity surrounding the brain and the pituitary gland.
  93. Craniotomy
    Incision in the skull.
  94. Cytoplasm
    Material outside of the nucleus of a cell.
  95. Deep
    Away from the surface.
  96. Diaphragm
    Muscle separating abdominal and thoracic cavities.
  97. Disk (disc)
    Cartilage between the vertebrae that absorb shock. aid flexibility and prevent the bone from wearing.
  98. Distal
    Pertaining to further away.
  99. Dorsal
    Pertaining to the back/behind.
  100. Endoplasmic Reticulum
    Canals within a cell that manufactures proteins from smaller parts.
  101. Epigastric region
    Pertaining to the region above the stomach.
  102. Epithelial Cells
    Skin cells that cover external surfaces and internal surfaces of internal organs.
  103. Frontal Plane
    Vertical plane that divides the body into anterior and posterior.
  104. Genes
    Regions of DNA within each chromosome.
  105. Histology
    The study of the processes and conditions of tissues.
  106. Hypochondriac Region
    Region pertaining to below the ribs.
  107. Hypogastric Region
    Region pertaining to below the stomach.
  108. Iliac
    Pertaining to the ilium.
  109. Inguinal Region
    Region near the groin.
  110. Intervertebral
    Pertaining to between the vertebrae.
  111. Karyotype
    Pictures of chromosomes in the cell nucleus.
  112. Larynx
    The "voice box".
  113. Lateral
    Pertaining to the side.
  114. Lumbar Region
    Region of the lower back.
  115. Lumbosacral
    Pertaining to the region near the small of the back and back part of the pelvis between the hips.
  116. Medial
    Pertaining to the middle.
  117. Mediastinum
    Centrally located space between the lungs.
  118. Metabolism
    The total of chemical processes within a cell.
  119. Mitochondria
    Structure in the cytoplasm in which foods are burned.
  120. Nucleic
    Pertaining to the nucleus.
  121. Nucleus
    The control center of the cell.
  122. Pelvic cavity
    Pertaining the the cavity by the pelvis.
  123. Peritoneum
    Double layered membrane surrounding the abdominal organs.
  124. Pharynx
    The throat.
  125. Pituitary Gland
    Endocrine gland at the base of the brain.
  126. Pleura
    Double layered membrane surrounding the lungs.
  127. Pleural Cavity
    Cavity space between the pleura membrane.
  128. Posterior
    Pertaining to behind.
  129. Prone
    Position of lying on your stomach.
  130. Proximal
    Pertaining to nearby (to).
  131. Sacral
    Pertaining to the sacrum.
  132. Sacrum
    Part of the pelvis that connects the hip bones.
  133. Sagittal plane
    Lengthwise vertical plane that divides the body into left and right.
  134. Sarcoma
    A cancerous fleshy tumor.
  135. Spinal Cavity
    Space within the spinal column.
  136. Spinal column
    The combination of the vertebrae.
  137. Superficial
    Shallow, not deep.
  138. Supine
    The position of lying on your back.
  139. Thoracic Cavity
    The chest cavity.
  140. Thoracotomy
    Incising the chest.
  141. Thyroid gland
    A gland that secretes thyroxin.
  142. Trachea
    Windpipe.
  143. Tracheal
    Pertaining to the trachea.
  144. Transverse Plane
    Horizontal plane that runs across the body.
  145. Umbilical region.
    Region around the navel.
  146. Ureter
    Tube leading from the kidney to the bladder.
  147. Urethra
    Tube from urinary bladder to outside.
  148. Uterus
    The womb.
  149. Ventral
    Pertaining to the front.
  150. Vertebra
    A bone that makes up the spine.
  151. Vertebrae
    Bones that make up the spine.
  152. Vertebral
    Pertaining to the vertebrae.
  153. Viscera
    Internal Organs
  154. Visceral
    Pertaining to the internal organs.

  155. Fill in the blanks.
    • 1. Anterior (Ventral)
    • 2. Posterior (Dorsal)
    • 3. Deep
    • 4. Superficial
    • 5. Proximal
    • 6. Distal
    • 7. Inferior
    • 8. Superior

  156. Fill in the blanks.
    • 1. Lungs
    • 2. Liver
    • 3. Stomach
    • 4. Large Intestine (Colon)
    • 5. Greater Omentum
    • 6. Peritoneum
    • 7. Small Intestine
    • 8. Uterus
    • 9. Bladder
    • 10. Urethra
    • 11. Vagina
    • 12. Rectum
    • 13. Retroperitoneal Area
    • 14. Kidney
    • 15. Diaphragm

  157. Fill in the blanks.
    • 1. Larynx
    • 2. Trachea
    • 3. Bronchial Tubes
    • 4. Right Lung
    • 5. Left Lung
    • 6. Mediastinum
    • 7. Diaphragm
    • 8. Heart
    • 9. Pleural Cavity
    • 10. Pleura (double membrane)
    • 11. Esophagus

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