Tutorial 1

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Author:
DustinRocks06
ID:
169162
Filename:
Tutorial 1
Updated:
2012-09-05 21:20:29
Tags:
Web Site Developement
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Description:
HTML
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  1. NETWORK
  2. A network is a structure linking computers
    together for the purpose of sharing information and services
  3. HOST or NODE
  4. Users typically access a network through a computer called a host or node
  5. SERVER
    A node that provides information or a service is called a server
  6. CLIENT
    A computer or other device that requests services from a server is called a client
  7. LOCAL AREA NETWORK (LAN)
    If the computers that make up a network are close together (within a single department or building), then the network is referred to as a local area network (LAN)
  8. WIDE AREA NETWORK
    A network that covers a wide area, such as several buildings or cities, is called a wide area network (WAN)

    The largest WAN in existence is the Internet

    In its early days, the Internet was called ARPANET
  9. HYPERTEXT
    Hypertext is a method of organizing information that gives the reader control over the order in which the information is presented
  10. WEB SERVERS
    • Web pages are stored on Web servers, which are computers that make Web pages available to any device connected to the Internet
  11. WEB BROWSER
    A Web browser retrieves the page from the Web server and renders it on the user’s computer or other device
  12. HYPERTEXT MARKUP LANGUAGE
    A Web page is a text file written in a language called Hypertext Markup Language
  13. MARKUP LANGUAGE
    A markup language is a language that describes a document’s content and structure
  14. XML
    XML (Extensible Markup Language) is a metalanguage like Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML), but without SGML’s complexity and overhead
  15. XHTML
    XHTML (Extensible Hypertext Markup Language) is a stricter version of HTML and is designed to confront some of the problems associated with the different and competing versions of HTML
  16. HTML CONVERTER
    HTML Converter – translates formatted text into HTML code
  17. HTML EDITOR
    HTML Editor – helps you create an HTML file by inserting HTML codes for you as you work
  18. ELEMENT
    An element is a distinct object in the document, like a paragraph, a heading, or a page’s title
  19. TAG
    The core building block of HTML is the tag, which marks the presence of an element
  20. TWO-SIDED TAG
    A two-sided tag is a tag that contains some document content  General syntax for a two-sided tag:   <element>content</element>
  21. <HTML> tag
    The opening <html> tag marks the start of an HTML document, and the closing </html> tag tells a browser when it has reached the end of that HTML document
  22. HEAD ELEMENT
    The head element contains information about the document, for example the document title or the keywords
  23. BODY ELEMENT
    The body element contains all of the content to appear on the Web page the body element can also contain code that tells the browser how to render the content
  24. TITLE ELEMENT
    The title element contains the page’s title  A document’s title is usually displayed in the browser’s title bar
  25. Converting HTML file into an XHTML file
    You can convert an HTML file into an XHTML file by replacing the opening <html> tag with the following three lines of code:

    –<?xmlversion="10" encoding="UTF-8"standalone="no"?>

    –<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 10 Strict//EN”“http://wwww3org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml11-strictdtd">

    –  <html xmlns=http://wwww3org/1999/xhtml>
  26. COMMENT TAG
    The comment tag adds notes to your HTML code:

    <!--comment -->
  27. MARKING A HEADER
    To mark a heading, enter

    <hn>content</hn>

    where "n" is an integer from 1 to 6 and content is the text of heading
  28. MARK A PARAGRAPH
    To mark a paragraph, enter

     <p>content</p>
  29. MARKING A BACK QUOTE
    To mark a block quote, enter

    <blockquote>content</blockquote>
  30. MARKING A GENERIC BLOCK-LEVEL ELEMENT
    To mark a generic block-level element, enter

    <div>content</div>
  31. EXTENDED BLOCK QUOTE
    The syntax for making an extended quote is

    <blockquote>content</blockquote>
  32. ORDERED LIST
    List items that need numerical order.

    Syntax:

    • <ol>
    •      <li>item1</li>
    •      <li>item2</li>
    • </ol>
  33. UNODERED LIST
    List items that do not need an order

    Syntax:

    • <ul>
    •      <li>item1</li>
    •      <li>item2</li>
    • </ul>
  34. ADDRESS ELEMENT
    HTML supports the address element to indicate contact information

    Syntax:

    <address>........</address>
  35. LOGICAL ELEMENT
    A logical element describes the nature of the enclosed content, but not necessarily how that content should appear
  36. PHYISICAL ELEMENT
    A physical element describes how content should appear, but doesn’t indicate the content’s nature
  37. PRESENTATIONAL ATTRIBUTES
    Presentational attributes specify exactly how the browser should render an element
  38. LINE BREAK
    The one-sided tag to mark a line break is:

    –<br />
  39. HORIZONTAL RULE ELEMENT
    The horizontal rule element places a horizontal line across the Web page:

    <hr />
  40. INLINE  IMAGE
    An inline image displays a graphic image located in a separate file within the page:

    <img src="file" alt="text" />

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