Theology

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Cherylwog
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169269
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Theology
Updated:
2012-09-06 13:30:48
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Theology
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Trinitarianism
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  1. Worldview
    The sum total of a person’s beliefs about  life’s most significant questions.
  2. Theism
    Theistic worldview that believes that an eternal God freely created all of existence (time,space, matter, celestial realms and bodies) out of nothing (ex nihilo) and that He continues to act withinthe creation in varying degrees.
  3. Transcendent
    The understanding that God is above and beyond all things, being wholly distinct fromall creation.
  4. Immanence
    The understanding that God is relationally close and present, being intimately involvedin the affairs of creation.
  5. Deism
    Theistic worldview that believes God created the universe, but that He has not been involvedin it since.
  6. Pantheism
    Lit. pan “all” theism “god.” Theistic worldview that believes that God is identical with theuniverse.
  7. Panentheism
    Lit. pan=“all” en=“in” theism=“god.” Theistic worldviewthat believes that the universeis a part of who God is but is not all that God is.
  8. Atheism
    Worldview that believes that there is no God.
  9. Polytheism
    Lit. “many” theism=“god.” Theistic worldviewthat believes that there are manygods.
  10. Pluralism
    Worldview that believes that all beliefs are ultimately true even ifthey are contradictory.
  11. Naturalism
     Atheistic worldview that believes that nature is the sum total of all reality
  12. Ontological Argument
     The argument for the existence of God first proposed by St. Anselm ofCanterbury which argues for God’s existence from the idea of the greatest conceivable being.
  13. Teleological Argument
    The argument for the existence of God from the order and complexity ofall creation.
  14. sensus divinitatis Argument
    The argument for the existence of God from the innate sense of thedivine, the “God shaped void,” that is evidenced in all mankind.
  15. Moral Argument (Anthropological)
    The argument for the existence of God from the apparentuniversal moral law that all people evidence through their understanding of right and wrong.
  16. Pascal’s “Wager”
    The argument for faith in the existence of God based upon the consequences ofbeing wrong and the rewards of being right.
  17. Cumulative Case Argument
    The idea that the arguments for the existence of God are strongestwhen taken cumulatively.
  18. Cosmological Argument
    The argument for the existence of God that argues from the law of causeandeffect; God, the Uncaused Cause, is the ultimate cause of all effects.
  19. Kalam Cosmological Argument
    The argument for the existence of God from the necessity of abeginning. An infinite number of moments cannot be traversed; therefore, there must be a beginningand a Beginner.
  20. Law of Causality
    The law in physics which states that for everyeffect there must be a cause.
  21. Moral Proof
    Proof that is demanded by the weight of the cumulative evidence. A person is morallyobligated to submit to it.
  22. Logical Proof
    Proof that is deduced through deductive logic. The ontological and cosmologicalarguments would be classified as logical proof for God’s existence.
  23. Empirical Proof
    Proof that is induced through the weight of evidences. The teleological and moralarguments would be classified as empirical proof for the existence of God.
  24. Attributes
    Personal characteristics which God possesses that areinherent, immutable (unchangeable),and eternal.
  25. Incommunicable attributes
    The attributes that God possesses that He does not share withhumanity in any way.
  26. Communicable attributes
    The attributes that God possesses that He shares, to some degree, withhumanity.
  27. “Open Theology”
    Describes a theology of a group of evangelical theologians who challenge thetraditional understanding of God by redefining certain attributes, believing that the future is “open” orunknown to God.

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