Greek Art (part 2)

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felara9614
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169343
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Greek Art (part 2)
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2012-09-10 20:03:14
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Greek Art (part 2)
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    • Fallen Warrior
    • Era: Archaic, 490-480 BCE
    • Location: East Pediment of the Temple of Aphaia
    • Techniques:
    • made of marble
    • 6'1" tall
    • more natural and complex posture - twisted torso - not fully frontal
    • trying to fight his wounds but death is inevitable and he still has an archaic smile
    • pronounced cheeks
    • stylized kneecaps and calves
    • The Riace Bronzes, Warrior Figure
    • Era: Severe Style, 460-450 BCE
    • Location: Riace, Italy
    • Techniques:
    • made of bronze
    • 6'6" tall
    • lacking his shield, spear, and helmet
    • copper highlights on his eyelashes, lips and nipples add life
    • teeth made of silver mixed with bronze
    • inlaid glass paste eyes
    • lost wax process
    • emphasis on musculature and tendons
    • left foot forward - pronounced weight shift
    • feet firmly placed on the ground
    • natural motion
    • natural hairstyle
    • arms free from body
    • Temple of Hera II
    • Era: Early Classical/Severe Style, 460 BCE
    • Location: Tuscan, Italy
    • Techniques:
    • 6 columns on the facade and 2 columns in antis
    • double row of columns (2 stories of Ionic columns) in the cella to offer a better view of the diety sculpture
    • stereobate
    • peristyle collanade
    • narrower and longer
    • Charioteer of Delphi
    • Era: Severe Style
    • Location: Sanctuary of Apollo, Delphi
    • Techniques:
    • pleated folds - fluting on a column
    • no body contour
    • v-shaped pattern of folds on chest
    • eyes inlaid with glass paste
    • stern, fixed position
    • immobility of expression
    • hair is cropped, shorter, and more natural
    • inlaid band of silver on head
    • feet are firmly placed on the ground
    • feet and head facing opposite directions
    • West Pediment Temple of Zeus
    • Era: Early Classical/Severe Style, 468-460 BCE
    • Location: Olympia 
    • Techniques:
    • centaurs are drunk and rape maidens
    • Greek victory over Persians 
    • sacred truce of Olympia
    • resposibility of men
    • all figures in the same scale
    • Apollo
    • Era: Early Classical/Severe Style, 470-456 BCE
    • Location: West Pediment of the Temple of Zeus, Olympia
    • Techniques:
    • outstretched hand 
    • lack of motion
    • minimal muscle in the torso
    • stylized hair
    • triumph of law and order
    • Hippodemia and the Centaur
    • Era: Early Classical/Severe Style, 470-456 BCE
    • Location: West Pediment of the Temple of Zeus, Olympia
    • Techniques:
    • slight hint at body countour
    • calm, serenity of the statues, frozen pose
    • muscles in horse not defined
    • stylized folds on garment
    • East Pediment of the Temple of Zeus
    • Era: Early Classical/Severe Style, 468-460 BCE
    • Location: Olympia
    • Techniques:
    • 87ft wide
    • story of the chariot race between Pelops and King Oinomaos
    • posed, static
    • Oinomaos is a balding man with sagging musculature
    • his shocked expression creates realism and naturalism
    • Kritios Boy
    • Era: Severe Style
    • Location: Acropolis, Athens
    • Techniques:
    • Kritios is the believed sculptor (not verified)
    • slender form
    • no inverted-U diaphragm 
    • more natural muscles
    • short curly hair is more natural but the top of the head is stylized
    • shift in the hips
    • defined groin line
    • head turns to the right and tilts just slightly - moving away from strict frontality
    • counter-balance, contrapposto
    • eyes were inlaid
    • no archaic smile - more natural expression
    • Zeus (Posiedon)
    • Era: Early Classical/Severe Style, 460-450 BCE
    • Location: Greece
    • Techniques:
    • made of bronze 
    • 6'10" tall
    • male human form in motion
    • bearded god who once hurled a weapon
    • heel off the ground creates motion
    • Discobolos
    • Artist: Myron
    • Era: Early Classical/Severe Style, 450 BCE
    • Techniques:
    • Roman copy after bronze original
    • tree stump for stability
    • creates a vigorous motion
    • profile limbs but a nearly frontal chest - extreme tension
    • two intercpting arches of a slightly stretched bow
    • advanced body anatomy
    • stylized hair
    • play of light an shadow - high patina shine
    • Doryphorus
    • Artist: Polyclightus
    • Era: High Classical
    • Techniques:
    • model for Roman athletes
    • ideal male nude athlete
    • canon of proportions, measured from joint to joint
    • slight sense of motion
    • one foot is flat and the other is raised
    • uneveness in groin line
    • s-shaped body
    • imposing order on human movement by a system of cross-balance
    • right side has coulmner stability and the left side is in motion
    • right side anchors the statue
    • limbs oppose eachother diagonally
    • movement vs. stability
    • head turned to the right and hips turned to the left
    • harmonyof opposites
    • hanging defined muscles over the groin
    • volume in hair
    • vacancy in stare


    • Parthenon
    • Artists: Iktinos and Kallikrates
    • Era: High Classical, 447-438 BCE
    • Location: Acropolis, Athens
    • Techniques:
    • dedicated to Athena
    • 8 columns on the facade and 17 on the sides
    • x=2y+1 is the equation used for the proportion of the temple
    • anti-optical illusion
    •    -stylobate is curved upward at the center
    •    -entablature also curves 
    •    -peristyle columns lean inward slightly
    • curving of horizontal lines and tilting of vertical ones create a dynamic balance and a greater sense of life
    • peripteral temple - exterior columns are all Doric
    • two sections - larger room for statue of Athena and the smaller one for the treasury
    • 4 Ionic columns in the treasury room and it has an Ionic frieze
    • mix of Droic and Ionic means that the Ionians descended from the Athenians
    • tile roof
    • originally painted with emerald green, royal blue, magenta, and gold
    • Statue of Athena
    • Artist: Phidias
    • Era: High Classical, 438-432 BCE
    • Location: Parthenon, Athens
    • Techniques:
    • 38ft tall
    • fully armed
    • held a figure of Nike (personification of victory) in her right hand
    • triumph of order over chaos, civilization over barbarism, Athens over Persia
    • Dionysis (Herakles)
    • Era: High Classical, 448-432 BCE
    • Location: East Pediment of Parthenon, Athens
    • Techniques:
    • made of marble
    • 4'3" tall
    • young but mature mature athlete
    • high muscular torso
    • kind of relaxed
    • legs would've been crossed
    • weight in elbows and but
    • tilted shoulders
    • low cropped hairstyle - naturalism
    • sculpted on ground and then lifted into pediment - not attached to wall
    • east pediment depicts the contest to become the patron diety of Athens
    • Three Goddesses
    • Era: High Classical, 448-432 BCE
    • Location: East Pediment of Parthenon, Athens
    • Techniques:
    • made of marble
    • 4'5" tall
    • natural deep folds
    • naturalism and high sense of body contours
    • play of light and shadow
    • majestic, realistic, relaxed
    • nyx (night) or selune (moon) reference
    • Lapith and Centaur
    • Era: High Classical, 447-438 BCE
    • Location: Parthenon, Athens
    • Techniques:
    • made of marble
    • 4'8" tall
    • giants and gods struggling - Athens over Persia
    • very balanced
    • lapith has an arched back to mirror centaur
    • cloak links the two figures
    • very high relief
    • substractive style of sculpture
    • natural folds
    • bodies and pleats curve softly
    • Horsemen
    • Era: High Classical, 438-432 BCE
    • Location: Parthenon, Athens
    • Techniques:
    • Ionic frieze on north side 
    • high relief
    • continuous motion
    • lots of overlap
    • natrurally turning torso
    • Propylaia
    • Artist: Mneskiles
    • Era: High Classical, 437-432 BCE
    • Location: Acropolis, Athens
    • Techniques:
    • gateway to the Acropolis
    • disguised the change in ground level
    • Doric temple front facade
    • Doric column spacing was wide enough for chariots
    • Ionic columns allowed for a split hieght in the roof
    • never completed due to Peloponesian War
    • Temple of Athena Nike
    • Artist: Kallikrates
    • Era: High Classical, 427-424 BCE
    • Location: Acropolis, Athens
    • Techniques:
    • early classical Ionic order
    • first completely Ionic building on Acropolis
    • no triglyphs instead - frieze of decisive battle that turned the tide against the Persians
    • amphiprostyle temple


    • Erechtheion
    • Era: High Classical, 421-405 BCE
    • Location: Acropolis, Athens
    • Techniques:
    • served as the tomb of Kekaros who judged the contest for the patron diety of Athens
    • honored Athena and other gods
    • early classical Ionic (not fully)
    • Porch of the Maidens
    • Era: High Classical, 421-405 BCE
    • Location: Erechtheion, Athens
    • Techniques:
    • carytids not baring much weight
    • drapery mimics the fluting of a column
    • some sense of body contour
    • flexibility of the body under the clothing gives the statues life
    • Nike Fastening Her Sandal
    • Era: High Classical, 410 BCE
    • Location: Temple of Athena Nike, Athens
    • Techniques:
    • relief sculpture
    • play of light and shadow
    • body contour underneath clothing
    • deep undercut folds
    • realistic with implied motion
    • Hermes and Dionysos
    • Artist: Praxiteles
    • Era: Late Classical, 340 BCE
    • Location: Olympia
    • Techniques:
    • camoflagued support with drapery
    • pronounced weight shift
    • s-curve of body
    • hair is slightly sculpted
    • softening of facial muscles
    • tender human interaction of adult and child
    • thighs are soft and smooth
    • beauty that appeals the the mind and not the mind (didn't use mathematical proportions)
    • Mausolus
    • Era: Late Classical
    • Location: Halicarnassus, Turkey
    • Techniques:
    • 9'10" tall
    • heavy fabric, deep cut folds
    • implied motion
    • deep sunken eyes
    • long wavy hair
    • dragging under the weight of the fabric
    • part of the mausoleum that is one of the 7 Wonders of the Ancient World
    • Apoxyomenos
    • Artist: Lysippos
    • Era: Late Classical, 330 BCE
    • Techniques:
    • 6'9" tall
    • set the canon for proportion
    • moves the figure in space, nervous energy
    • slender figure
    • smaller head 1/8 size of the body
    • less bulky musculature
    • viewed from all 4 sides
    • scraper
    • slight curve of the bent arms give the statue life
    • court sculpture of Alexander the Great
    • Roman copy
    • Athlete (Getty Bronze)
    • Artist: Lysippos
    • Era: Late Classical
    • Techniques:
    • rounded, fluid arms
    • small head
    • shift in body weight evident in hips
    • inlaid eyes
    • wavy hair
    • taller and thinner
    • Antikythera Youth
    • Era: Late Classical
    • Location: Antikythera, Greece
    • Techniques:
    • large muscles
    • firmly planted walking stance
    • implied motion with arms
    • thin legs
    • loose hair
    • inlaid eyes give it life
    • reaching out to grab a fruit?
    • Head of Herakles or Telephos (Son)
    • Era: Late Classical, 340 BCE
    • Location: West Pediment of the Temple of Athena Alea, Tegea, Greece
    • Techniques:
    • made of marble
    • 1’ ½” tall
    • Skopas of Paros was architect - sculpture same style - general trend of humanization of Greek gods/heroes - known for intense emotionalism
    • hero wearing lion-skin headdress
    • pedimental subject was battle with Achilles
    • hero turns abruptly, facial expression=psychological tension
    • large eyes deeply set in head
    • fleshy overhanging brows cast deep shadows
    • lips slightly parted
    • passionate face reveals anguished soul within

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