PSY:class/exam 1

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kjmeredithpa
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169358
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PSY:class/exam 1
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2012-09-06 23:32:13
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PSY
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PSY
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  1. Development
    the pattern of physicl, cognitive, and psychosocial change that involves growth
  2. examples of psychocosocial
    • morals
    • interaction
    • self-esteem
  3. when does development begin?
    begins at conception and continues through the human lifespan
  4. When does child development technically end?
    age 18
  5. Developmental psychology (def)
    branch of general psychology that is concerned with changes from conception until death
  6. the three developmental processes
    • biological
    • cognitive
    • socio-emotional
  7. What are some examples of biological development?
    • height
    • weight
    • hormones
  8. examples of cognitive development?
    • changes in thought
    • speech and language, concept of abstract thought
  9. examples of socio-emotional development?
    ability to empathize
  10. Why is child development hard to study?
    • multifaceted
    • complex (hard to test and measure)
  11. What are the 4 influences on development?
    • universal processes
    • individual differences
    • normative events
    • non-normative events
  12. What is the term for things that happen to all children (pretty much)?
    universal processes
  13. What would be an influence that is always an exception?
    individual differences
  14. events that occur at a typical time for most people that age
    normative events
  15. unusual events or events that take place at unusual times?
    non-normative events
  16. Infancy
    • 0-2
    • dependence, language development, attachment, social learning
  17. early childhood
    • 2-5/6
    • symbolic though, social learning, egocentrism
  18. middle childhood
    • 6-12
    • school, increased skills, culture
  19. adolescence
    • 13-18/22
    • biological change, abstract thinking, independence
  20. young adult
    • 18/22-25
    • identity, commitment, transition
  21. middle adult
    • 35/45-55/65
    • family, job, reflection
  22. older adult
    • 55/65 and older
    • less responsibility, less freedom
  23. the four core issues in child development?
    • nature-nurture
    • process of change
    • timing of influences
    • context of influences
  24. what are a couple other ways of saying continuous vs. discontinuity?
    • gradual vs. stage
    • quantitative vs. qualitative
  25. what is continuous change?
    • quantitative
    • change in number or amount
    • a ramp
  26. What thinkers fell under the continuous view?
    • Skinner
    • Vygotsky
    • ┬áBandura
  27. What is discontinuous change?
    • qualitative change
    • change in kind, structure, or organization
    • stair stepper
  28. What were some famous stage theorists?
    • Piaget
    • Freud
    • Erikson
  29. What are the two different timings when it comes to influence?
    • critical
    • sensative
  30. critical periods (def)
    • specific time when a given event, or its absense, has a specific impact on development (window of opportunity)
    • often biological
  31. sensitive periods (def)
    time in development when a person is particularly responsive to certain kinds of experiences or learning
  32. What are the four different contexts of influence?
    • family
    • SES
    • culture/race
    • history
  33. What are the three components of SES?
    • income
    • occupation
    • education
  34. What is human capital?
    the opportunity that your neighborhood can provide in terms of services and support to the kids or schools in the area

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