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the pattern of physicl, cognitive, and psychosocial change that involves growth
examples of psychocosocial
when does development begin?
begins at conception and continues through the human lifespan
When does child development technically end?
Developmental psychology (def)
branch of general psychology that is concerned with changes from conception until death
the three developmental processes
What are some examples of biological development?
examples of cognitive development?
- changes in thought
- speech and language, concept of abstract thought
examples of socio-emotional development?
ability to empathize
Why is child development hard to study?
- complex (hard to test and measure)
What are the 4 influences on development?
- universal processes
- individual differences
- normative events
- non-normative events
What is the term for things that happen to all children (pretty much)?
What would be an influence that is always an exception?
events that occur at a typical time for most people that age
unusual events or events that take place at unusual times?
- dependence, language development, attachment, social learning
- symbolic though, social learning, egocentrism
- school, increased skills, culture
- biological change, abstract thinking, independence
- identity, commitment, transition
- family, job, reflection
- 55/65 and older
- less responsibility, less freedom
the four core issues in child development?
- process of change
- timing of influences
- context of influences
what are a couple other ways of saying continuous vs. discontinuity?
- gradual vs. stage
- quantitative vs. qualitative
what is continuous change?
- change in number or amount
- a ramp
What thinkers fell under the continuous view?
What is discontinuous change?
- qualitative change
- change in kind, structure, or organization
- stair stepper
What were some famous stage theorists?
What are the two different timings when it comes to influence?
critical periods (def)
- specific time when a given event, or its absense, has a specific impact on development (window of opportunity)
- often biological
sensitive periods (def)
time in development when a person is particularly responsive to certain kinds of experiences or learning
What are the four different contexts of influence?
What are the three components of SES?
What is human capital?
the opportunity that your neighborhood can provide in terms of services and support to the kids or schools in the area