PSYCH101-1

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danielkitchen
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169369
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PSYCH101-1
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2012-09-06 23:12:38
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PSYCH101
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PSYCH101 First quiz
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  1. Correspondence Bias
    Correspondence BiasThe tendency to assign behavior to strangers' personalities rather than their environments.
  2. Duchenne, Guillami (or similar)
    A french neurologist.  He is known for his work on muscles stimultation, particularly with respect to emotional expressions.
  3. Ebbinghaus, Hermann
     A german psychologist.  Famous for his research on his own memory.
  4. Egalitarian 
    Believing that all people are equal.
  5. Empirical Technique
    The technique of deriving conclusions from experiments, rather than theory alone.
  6. External Validity
     The degree to which an experimental result in a lab applies to the outside world.
  7. fMRI 
    functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging.  A technique designed to measure brain activity in specific areas by monitoring oxygen consumption of those areas.
  8. Framing
      Framing is the technique of adjusting perspective to alter people's decision making.
  9. Freud, Sigmund
     The founder of psychoanalytic psychology.  He introduced many concepts, such as the ego model of the brain, and the concept of psychic energy.
  10. Galileo
     An Italian physicist.  Known for his experimental technique and breakthrough research on gravity and astronomy.
  11. Humanistic Psychology
     A school of psychology that focuses on the positive.  Founded by psychologists such as Carl Rogers a Rollo May.
  12. IAT
    Implicit Association Test.  A test designed to test people's hidden emotional responses and beliefs when it comes to stereotyping.
  13. Implicit Prejudice
     Prejudice expressed in subtle beliefs and perceptions.  Prejudice that is not overt.
  14. Intentional Blindness 
    The brains way of weeding out unnecessary visual cues; if we are not specifically looking at something, we're very likely never to remember it.
  15. Levels of Processing Model
    The idea that your ability to remember and item is strongly influenced by the cognitive effort or the depth of mental processing that goes on during the initial learning process.
  16. Lewin, Kurt
     The father of Social Psychology. He began to describe people's behavior in logically sound ways.
  17. Pavlov, Ivan
      A Russian physiologist.  Known for his work describing Classical Conditioning
  18. Penfield, Wilder
    A brain surgeon.  He is known for developing a map showing the function of diffrerent brain areas.
  19. Piaget, Jean
    A french Pyschologist.  He is known for his work in Child Psychology.
  20. Psychiatrist
    A psychiatrist is a therapist who has earned a medical degree and specializes in issues of mental health.
  21. Psychoanalytic Psychology
    A school of psychology focused on the subconcious.  This school believes that much of our behavior is caused by seemingly unrelated events in our past, especially involving sexuality.
  22. Q-sort
    Q Methodology is a research method used in psychology and other social sciences to study people's "subjectivity" -- that is, their viewpoint. Q was developed by psychologist William Stephenson. It has been used both in clinical settings for assessing patients, as well as in research settings to examine how people think about a topic.
  23. Resistance Stage of Stress
    The second reaction to stress.  In this stage, our body tries to adapt to better deal with recurring stress.
  24. Short-term Memory .
    The storage system for information in the short term.  Short term memory lasts 15 to 30 seconds
  25. Social Worker
    Social workers are therapists who have earned a Masters degree in social work.  They make use of community services to help individuals better cope with their environment.
  26. Sensory Memory
    The storage system for uncompressed sensory information. Stores information for less than a second.

    The information people received which is stored in sensory memory is just long enough to be transferred to short-term memory. Humans have five main senses: sight, hearing, taste, smell, touch. Sensory memory(SM) allows individuals to retain impressions of sensory information after the original stimulus has ceased.
  27. echoic memory
    The auditory store, echoic memory, for example, has been shown to have a temporal characteristic in which the timing and tempo of a presented stimulus affects transfer into more stable forms of memory. Four common features have been identified for all forms of SM
  28. Haptic memory
    Haptic memory represents SM for the tactile sense of touch.
  29. Iconic memory
    Iconic memory represents SM for the visual sense of visual perception/sight.
  30. Stimulus
     A motivator; something that incites action.

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