AP World Chapter 16 Vocabulary Global Economy Expansion
AP World Chapter 16 Vocab
Southern tip of Africa; first circumnavigated in 1488 in search of direct route to India
Cape of Good Hope
Genoese captain in service of king and queen of Castile and Aragon; successfully sailed to New World and returned in 1492; initiated European discoveries in Americas.
Spanish captain who in 1519 initiated first circumnavigation of the globe; died during the voyage; allowed Spain to claim Philippines.
Joint stock company that obtained government monopoly over trade in Asia; acted as virtually independent government in regions of control
Dutch East India Company
Joint stock company that obtained government monopoly over trade in India; acted as virtually independent government in regions of control.
British East India Company
Naval battle between the Spanish and the Ottoman Empire resulting in a Spanish victory in 1871.
Nations, usually European, that enjoyed profit from woeld economy; controlled international banking and commercial sevices such as shipping; exported manufactured good for raw materials.
Economic theory that stresed governments' promotion of limitation of imports from other nations and internal economies in order to improve tax revenues; popular during 17th and 18th centuries in Europe.
First Spanish captain to begin settlement on the mainland of Mesoamerica in 1509; initial settlement eventually led to conquest of Aztec and Inca empires by other captains.
Vasco del Balboa
Led conquest of Inca Empire in Peru beginning in 1535; by 1540, most of Inca possessions fell to the Spanish.
French colonies in North America; extended from St. Lawrence River along Great Lakes and down Mississippi River valley systems.
Fought both in continental Europe and also in overseas colonies between 1756 and 1763; resulted in Prussian seizures of land from Austria, English seizures of colonies in India and North America
Seven Years War.
Arranged in 1763 following Seven Years War; granted New France to England in exchange for return of French sugar island in Caribbean.
Treat of Paris.
Dutch colony established at Cape of Good Hope in 1652 initially to provide a coastal station for the Dutch seaborne empire; by 1770 settlements had expanded sufficiently to come into conflict with Bantus.
Dutch settlers in Cape Colony, in southern Africa.
A Portuguese explorer who was the first to reach India by water.
Vasco de Gama
Actually discovered the Americas. He realized that he was on a seperate continent and had the lands named after him.
A Spainsh conquistador that conquered the Aztecs
The transferring of of plants, animals, people, and disease from the Americas to Europe.