Ch. 8

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Author:
cbweathers
ID:
169403
Filename:
Ch. 8
Updated:
2012-09-07 00:25:58
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Skin Hair Nails
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Description:
Health Assessment Exam 1
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  1. Acrocyanosis
    A bluish discoloration of the hands and feet may be present at birth and may persist for several days or longer if the newborn is kept in cool ambient temperatures.
  2. Alopecia
    Hair loss
  3. Annular
    Shaped like a ring; used to describe a lesion that forms a ring around a clear center of normal skin.
  4. Apocrine
    Referring to glands found in the axillae and anogenital areas.
  5. Cellular stratum
    The location where keratin cells are synthesized.
  6. Cellulitis
    A diffuse, acute infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue.
  7. Chloasma
    Facial discoloration common during pregnancy; also called the mask of pregnancy.
  8. Confluent
    Referring to lesions that run together.
  9. Cutis marmorata
    A marbled or mottled appearance to the skin of a newborn when exposed to decreased temperatures; occurs because the newborn's immature vascular systems is unable to adapt to temperature changes.
  10. Dermatomal
    Referring to a lesion that follows a nerve or segment of the body.
  11. Dermis
    Richly vascular connective tissue layer of the skin.
  12. Ecchymosis 
    A contusion or bruise.
  13. Eczematous dermatitis
    The most common inflammatory skin disorder; several forms exist, including irritant contact dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis, and atopic dermatitis.
  14. Epidermis
    Outer portion of skin
  15. Erythema toxicum
    A pink papular rash common in newborns; often characterized by vesicles on the back and thorax about 36 hours after birth.
  16. Folliculitis
    Inflammation and infection of the hair follicle and surrounding dermis.
  17. Furuncle
    A deep-seated infection of the pilosebaceous unit.
  18. Generalized
    Widely distributed or present in several areas at the same time.
  19. Harlequin color change
    A skin coloration that occurs in some newborns in response to changes in position; for example, while sidelying, a newborn infant may develop a pink color onthe dependent lower half of the body, whereas the top half is pale.
  20. Herpes simplex
    Infection caused by the herpes simplex virus
  21. Herpes zoster
    Infection caused by the varicella zoster virus.
  22. Hypodermis
    Layer of skin that connects the dermis to the underlying organs.
  23. Keloid
    Hypertrophied scar tissue
  24. Keratin
    Waterproofing protein.
  25. Lanugo
    Fine, silky hair of newborns.
  26. Melanin
    Pigment that gives skin its color.
  27. Mongolian spots
    Areas of deep bluish-gray pigmentation on the sacral aspect of a newborn.
  28. Morbilliform
    Refers to maculopapular lesions that become confluent on the face and body
  29. Nails
    Epidermal cells converted to hard plates of keratin
  30. Nevus
    A mole.
  31. Papillae
    Loops of capillaries that supply nourishment for hair follicles.
  32. Petechiae
    Tiny, flat purple or red spots on the skin surface, resulting from minute hemorrhages within the dermal layer.
  33. Pityriasis rosea
    Self-limiting inflammation of unknown cause.
  34. Plaque
    A type of skin lesion common in patients with psoriasis.
  35. Psoriasis
    A chronic and recurrent disease of kearatin synthesis.
  36. Reticulate
    Referring to a lesion with a netlike or lacy appearance.
  37. Rosacea
    A chronic inflammatory skin disorder.
  38. Sebum
    A lipid substance that keeps skin and hair from drying out.
  39. Serpiginous
    Referring to lesions that appear to occur in a wavy line.
  40. Stellate
    Referring to a star-shaped lesion.
  41. Stratum corneum
    Outermost layer of the dermis, which protects the body against environmental stressors and water loss.
  42. Stratum lucidum
    Layer of dermis found in thicker skin on the palms and soles.
  43. Telangiectasis
    Fine, irregular red lines produced by capillary dilation.
  44. Tinea
    A group of noncandidal fungal infections that involve the stratum corneum, nails, and hair.
  45. Vellus
    Short, fine hair that is nonpigmented.
  46. Vernix
    A mixture of sebum and cornified epidermis.
  47. Vesicle 
    A fluid-filled, elevated, but superficial skin lesion.
  48. Wood's lamp
    Type of lamp used to fluoresce skin lesions.

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