Anatomy & Physiology

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Anonymous
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169419
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Anatomy & Physiology
Updated:
2012-09-07 01:04:47
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Holes Biology BIO 163
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Anatomy chapter 1-3
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  1. Type of Bond when atoms lose or gain electrons (transferred) to become stable with filled outer shells
    Ionic Bond
  2. Active Mechanisms of movement of materials across the membrane do not require cellular energy. T or F?
    False
  3. Stage of Mitosis that results in the spindle fibers contracting and are pulling the sister chromatids apart toward opposite centrioles.
    Anaphase
  4. Which of the following is an organic base?
    A. Aldosterone
    B. Cortisol
    C. Albumin
    D. Cytosine
    D. Cytosine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. The site where ribosomes assemble prior to their migration into the cytoplasm.
    Nucleolus
  6. The heart is in which cavity?
    Thoracic
  7. Homeostasis is regulated through control systems which consists of ____?
    Effectors
  8. Groups of similar cells functioning together
    Tissues
  9. The # of protons
    Atomic #
  10. Stage of mitosis that the nuclear membrane fragments and disappears and duplicated chromatins are visible as chromosomes.
    Prophase
  11. Diffusion in which materials move from an area of greater concentration across a selectively permeable membrane to an area of lower concentration.
    Facilitated Diffusion
  12. Ionic bonds are formed when atoms share electrons to become more stable. T or F?
    True
  13. An example of an inorganic compound is ____?
    Water
  14. Building blocks of proteins
    Amino Acids
  15. Form of cell death that is a normal part of development
    Apoptosis
  16. # of protons and neutrons
    Atomic weight
  17. chemical energy for cellular work
    ATP
  18. Ability to lify a volume of water
    Osmotic pressure
  19. Nucleic acid that forms genes
    DNA
  20. Substance that releases detectable hydrogen ions in water
    Acid
  21. Means situated towards the front
    Anterior
  22. Membranes within cavities are called viscera
    False
  23. Maintenance of a relatively stable internal environment
    Homeostasis
  24. What are the major stages of mitosis?
    • -Prophase
    • -Metaphase
    • -Anaphase
    • -Telophase
  25. Movement through a membrane as a result of hydrostatic pressure
    Filtration
  26. The scientific study of structure or form
    Anatomy
  27. Scientific study of function
    Phsiology
  28. basic chemical particles which contribute to the human body
    Atoms
  29. basic living unit of humans and other living organisms
    cells
  30. type of tisue that forms a covering or a lining
    epithelial
  31. type of tissue that binds structures, provides support and protection, serves as framework, fill spaces, store fat, roduce blood cells, protect against infection and help repair tissue damage
    Connective
  32. Muscular tissue
    possess the ability to contract to do work for the body
  33. Nerous tissue
    function to transmit nerve impulses to coordinate and integrate body functions
  34. energy produced during chemical reactions
    chemical energy
  35. energy produced by electrically-charged substances
    Electrical energy
  36. kinetic energy (energy in motion)
    Mechanical energy
  37. energy produced by the sun
    Radiant energy
  38. fundamental composition of matter
    Elements
  39. has a positive charge and is contained within the nucleus
    protons
  40. has no charge and is contained within the nucleus
    Neutrons
  41. has a negative charge and orbits within the energy shells
    Electrons
  42. central portion of the atom that has a positive charge
    Nucleus
  43. orbits surrounding the nucleus
    Energy shells
  44. energy shell that can hold a maximum of two electrons
    First energy shell
  45. If the first shell in not complete the atom will be _____
    reactive
  46. two or more different atoms that chemically combine
    Compounds
  47. compounds that do not possess both carbon and hydrogen or either
    Inorganic compounds
  48. compounds that possess both carbon and hydrogen
    Organic compounds

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