Infection and inflammation of a lymph node; may affect a single node or localized groupd of nodes.
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome; initial symptoms include lymphadenopathy, fatigue, fever, and weight loss.
Cat scratch fever
Among the most common causes of subactue or chronic lyphadenitis in children; nodal enlargement may last longer than 3 weeks in a young child.
Eptein-Barr virus mononucleosis
Infectious mononucleosis; marked by firm, discrete, tender lymph nodes of anterior and posterior cervical chains.
A group of acute infections caused by human herpes virus 1 (HSV-1) or human herpes virus 2 (HSV-2); marked by enlargement of anterior cervical and submandibular nodes.
A malignant lymphoma marked by asymmetric enlargemtn of the cervical lymph nodes, which are rubbery and nonpainful.
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
Characterized by the dysfunction of cell-mediated immunity, HIV seropositivity.
Allergic contact dermatitis that involves the immune system and is caused by the cmeicals used in products that contain latex.
Cystic hygroma; a congenital malformation of dilated lymphatics.
Massive accumulation of lymphedema throughout the body; commonly called elephatiasis; most common cause of secondary lymphedema worldwide.
Edematous swelling due to excessive accumulation of lymph fluid in tisssues as a result of inadequate lymph drainage.
A malignant neoplasm of the lymphatic system and the reticuloendothelial tissues.
An immune complex disease.
A parasitic zoonosis caused by the parasite Toxoplasma gondii; marked by a single, enlarged, nontender lymph node in posterior cervical chain.
Branchial cleft cyst
A congenital lesion formed by incomplete involution of the branchial cleft; the cyst is usually solitary, painless, and located in the lateral neck; discharge may occur if associated with the sinus tract.
A sound that may be detected in the hypervascular thyroid.
A condition of the fontanel that may indicate increased intracranial pressure.
A condition that results from the premature closing of sutures before brain growth is complete; leads to a mishpaen skull.
Facial discoloration common during pregnancy; also called the mask of pregnancy.
A neural tube defect characterized by the protrusion of nervous system tissue throug a defect in the skull.
General appearance of the face, head, and neck that is characteristic of a specific condition.
An autoimmune disorder that leads to an overproduction of thyroid-stimulating hormone; characterized by exophthalmia (bulging eyes).
An autoimmune condition characterized by the production of antibodies against the thyroid gland, usually leading to hypothyroidism.
Overactivity of the thyroid.
Underactivity of the thyroid; more common that hyperthyroidism.
Sign associated with increased intracranial pressure after fontanels are closed.
A third (abnormal) fontanel; common in Down syndrome.
A condition in which the circumference of the head is smaller than normal; associated with mental retardation.
An abnormal shaping of the infant's head caused by the shifting and overlapping of bones during vaginal delivery.
Skin and tissue disorder usually caused by severe prolonged hypothyroidism; characterized by mucinous edema of face.
Bone tissue formation; begins in sutures after brain growth is completed.
Salivary gland tumor
A growth or mass in any of the salivary glands, but most commonly occurring in the parotid gland.
Referring to the area extending from upper sternum to the mastoid process.
Thyroglossal duct cyst
A palpable cystic mass in the enck.
Largest endocrine gland.
A spasmodic contraction of the face, head, or neck.
A condition in which the enck is twisted (also called wry neck); often the result of birth trauma or intrauterine malposition; acquired torticollis may be caused by tumor, trauma, palsy of cranial nerve IV, muscle spasm, infection, or drug ingestion.
Procedure used to evaluate suspecxted intracranial lesion or increasing head circumference in infants.
Excessive posterior cervical skin.
Acute otitis media
Inflammation in the middle ear associated with a middle ear effusion that becomes infected by bacterial organisms.
Infection of tonsils or posterior pharynx by microorganisms.
Dry, cracked lips.
Epithelial tissue behind the tympanic membrane that is often the result of untreated or chronic recurrent otitis media.
Cleft lip and palate
Common craniofacial congenital malformation; the result of the lip or palate failing to fuse during the embryonic development.
Coiled structure in inner ear.
Conductive hearing loss
Hearing loss resulting from reduced transmissio of sound to the middle ear.
Bumps that may appear on the buccal mucosa; ectopic sebaceous glands
Small fold of tissue that attaches the tongue to the floor of the mouth.
Disorder of progressive hearing loss; in some cases, has a genetic mode of transmission.
Area of the throat that is located between the mouth and nasopharynx.
The three tiny bones of the inner ear known as the malleus, incus, and stapes.
Inflammation of the auditory canal and external surface of the tympanic membrane; aslo called "swimmer's ear."
Otitis media with effusion
Inflammation of the middle ear resulting in the collection of serous, mucoid, or purulent fluid.
Ossification that results in fixation of the stapes.
Deep infection in the space between the soft palate and tonsil.
Projecting shell-like structure on the side of the head; auricle.
Bilateral sensorineural hearing loss associated with aging.
Life-threatening infection in the lateral pharyngeal space that has the potential to occlude the airway, most commonly occurs in children.
A hearing test tha tcompares bone conduction with air conduction of sound.
A neurologic test used to screen for equilibrium.
Sensorineural hearing loss
Hearing impairment that results from a disorder of the ear, damage to cranial nerve VIII, genetic disorders, systemic disease, or prolonged exposure to loud noise.
Bacterial infection of one or more of the paranasal sinuses.
Bony protuberance on the midline of the hard palate.
Conical projection that hangs from the posterior margin of the soft palate.
The illusion of rotational movement experience by a patient; often due to a disorder of the inner ear.
A screening test for hearing that tests the laterlization of sound.