Anatomical Kinesiology

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Author:
thinkrussia
ID:
169465
Filename:
Anatomical Kinesiology
Updated:
2012-09-07 12:30:18
Tags:
Anatomical Kinesiology
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Description:
Joints
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  1. 6 types of diarthrosis joints
    • 1. Gliding
    • 2. Hinge
    • 3. Pivot
    • 4. Ball and Socket
    • 5. Saddle
    • 6. Condyloid
  2. What is included in a diarthrodial joint structure?
    • Bone
    • Articular Capsule (fibrous membrane and synovial membrane)
    • synovial fluid/cavity
    • articular cartilage
  3. no movement in any one plane
    nonaxial
  4. movement in one plane
    uniaxial
  5. moves in two planes
    biaxial
  6. moves in three planes
    triaxial
  7. Gliding joints
    • nonaxial joints that lie next to each other and glide together
    • ex. intercarpal/intertarsal/facets/sternoclavicular
  8. Hinge joints
    • uniaxial joints that act like a hinge on a door
    • ex. elbow, knee
  9. Pivot joints
    • uniaxial joint of one bone rotating in a ring of another
    • ex. atlantoaxial joint/ radius/ ulna joint
  10. Ball and Socket joints
    • triaxial joint where movement is permited in all planes
    • ex. shoulder, hip
  11. Saddle joints
    • biaxial joints where opposing bones that come together are convex and concave so the surface of the joints is saddle shaped.
    • ex. thumb
  12. Condyloid joints
    • biaxial joint similar to saddle joints except it is a condyle of one bone that fits into an elliptical cavity of another bone.
    • ex. knuckles/ TMJ

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