Legal Glossary - Ecos.

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Legal Glossary - Ecos.
2012-09-07 23:31:07
Ecos Legal

Glossary of words about legal systems, types of offences, people involved etc.
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  1. Arbitration
    Where an impartial third party discusses theissues suggests ways to resolve the dispute and, if the parties cannot agree,makes a decision.
  2. Conciliation
    Where an impartial third person assists the parties to identify the issues and suggests possible solutions to help the parties reach an agreement.
  3. Mediation
    Where an impartial third party assists the parties in dispute to identify issues and reach an agreement.
  4. Mediation
    A body set up as an alternative to a court to settle disputes.
  5. Tribunals
    A body set up as an alternative to a court to settle disputes
  6. Remedy
    The outcome of a civil case aimed at restoring the injured party to their original position.
  7. Pleadings
    The exchange of information leading up to the hearing of a civil matter in court. 
  8. Writ
    A court order informing a person that there is a claim against them; a legal instruction.
  9. Affirmation
    A declaration that is accepted in place of an oath.
  10. Oath 
    A formal pledge to tell the truth, appealing to God as a witness.
  11. Summons
    An order to appear in person at a given place and time.
  12. Bail
    To allow a person charged with a criminal offence to be released from police custody until the trial starts.
  13. Custody
    Legal authority to control, detain or care for a person.
  14. Legislative Process
    The process used by parliament to make laws.
  15. Bill 
    A proposed law to be considered by parliament.
  16. Common Law 
    Laws developed by the courts.
  17. Governor 
    Represent the crown at a state level.
  18. Governor-general         
    Represents the crown at a federal level.            
  19. Government 
    The system of political rule and administration over a society.
  20. Cabinet
    A meeting of senior ministers to advice on government policies.
  21. Trespass
    Entry to a person's land or property without their permission.
  22. Defamation 
    The action of damaging the good reputation of someone.              
  23. Negligence 
    Failure to take reasonable care in doing something resulting in damage or injury.
  24. Tort
    A wrongful act or an infringement of a right (other than under contract) leading to legal liability.
  25. Plaintiff
    A person bringing a civil action to court.
  26. Civil law
    Regulates behaviour between an individual and another individual.
  27. Mens Rea
    Guilty Mind (You knew that what you were doing was wrong.)
  28. Actus rea 
    Guilty Act (You committed the crime)
  29. Prosecution 
    The person responsible for presenting a case that an alleged offender has committed an offence. 
  30. Defendant 
    A person against whom either a criminal or civil matter is taken to court; a person charged with a criminal offence in court.
  31. Indictable
    Serious offences that are heard before a judge and jury.
  32. Criminal Law
    Regulates behaviour between an individual and the community. 
  33. Laws 
    Rules recognised as binding on all members of the community. 
  34. Rules
    A set understood regulations or principles governing conduct within a particular activity.
  35. Summary 
    A minor offence to be heard in the Magistrate's Court.
  36. Precedent 
    An example that is used to justify similar occurrences at a later time.