ECE: Chapter 1

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ECE: Chapter 1
2012-09-08 17:45:57

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  1. What is the age range for early childhood education
    • birth through age eight
    • birth to 3rd grade
  2. What do children learn from birth to third grade
    • walk
    • talk
    • establish an identity
    • make friends
    • print
    • count
  3. Who made the first picture book
  4. who believed in tabula rasa
    John Locke
  5. What does tabula rasa mean
    black slate
  6. who believed that children were born naturally good
  7. who intergrated curriculum in order to develop the whole child
  8. Who was the father of the kindergarten
  9. What does kindergarten mean
    child's garden
  10. With whom did the Montessori school begin?
    special needs children
  11. What kind of education is Montessori education
    sensory education
  12. Who invented the name nursery school
    The McMillan sisters
  13. What did the sisters believe about nursery school
    it needed to include fresh air, sleep, and bathing
  14. What does age appropriate mean
    that the work is possible for that child to do
  15. What does individually appropriate mean
    that the work is changed depending on whether the student is special needs, average, or gifted
  16. What does multiculurally appropriate mean
    • you represent different culture
    • you don't overemphasize the majority culture
  17. What is the highest form of child development (Froebel)
  18. What should a child's first experience with education be (Froebel)
    a delightful adventure with pleasant discoveries
  19. What is the adult's role in a kindergarten class (Froebel)
    a facilitator
  20. What are the ages for kindergarten (Froebel)
  21. Who believed that children are valuable and childhood is an important part of their lives?
    John Dewey
  22. Who created a progressive movement after Dewey
    Lucy Sprague Mitchell
  23. What did Lucy Sprague Mitchell believe schools should be
    • a community center
    • place for children to learn and think
  24. What is a child centered approach
    active learning and social cooperation
  25. Where and when was the first kindergarten created
    Germany in 1837
  26. Who, when, and where was the first german speaking kindergarten created
    • Margarthe Schurz
    • Wisconsin
    • 1856
  27. Who, when, and where opened the first English speaking kindergarten
    • Elizabeth Peabody
    • Boston
    • 1860
  28. What was the goal of headstart in 1965
    to provide eduaction, social, medical, dental, nutritional, and mental health services
  29. Who is headstart for
    for preschol children from low-income families
  30. How many people are in a headstart class
    • 17 students
    • usually 1 or 2 special needs students
  31. How has Freud affected education
    • early experiences shape the way we live and behave as adults
    • we are influenced by our early life in fundamental and dramatic ways
  32. What was so important about Spock
    • "Baby and Child Care" was a how to book about children in the 1950's-1960's
    • it was a common sense approach to raising kids
  33. Who was the founder of the Italian preschools in Reggio Emilia after WWII
    Loris Malaguazzi
  34. What percent of children today are children of color
  35. how many in ten children were born elsewhere
    1 in 10
  36. what percentage of residence are immegrants
  37. What is multicultural education
    the system of teaching and learning that includes the contributions of all ethnic and racial groups
  38. What is biligual education
    a system of teaching and learning in which ESL children are taught in English-speaking classrooms
  39. What does biligual education encourage
    two-way learning
  40. What are some family stressors for small children
    • nearly 50% of marriages end in divorce
    • two-thirds of children have both parents working
    • 1 in 5 children in America are poor
  41. How do children react to family stressors
    • sleeping problems
    • depression
    • regression
    • aches and pains
    • acting out
    • eating problems
    • overreactions
    • medical problems
  42. what is child abuse
    violence in the form of physical maltreatment, abusive language, and sexual harassment or misuse of children
  43. what is child neglect
    • the act or situation of parents' or other adults' inattention to a child's basic health needs of adequate food, clothing, shelter, adn health care
    • this may also include not noticing a child or not paying enough attention in general
  44. What are the hazards of media violence
    • can lead to aggression and desensitization to violence
    • tvs and computers promote passivity
    • media images can promote racist and sexist attitudes
    • tv can promote materialistic consumerism
  45. What is the trilemma of early childhood education
    • quality for children
    • affordability for parents
    • adequate compensation for staff