Anatomy Chapter 2

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Sammi.Taylor
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169715
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Anatomy Chapter 2
Updated:
2012-09-08 22:52:20
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Anatomy
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Chapter 2 Vocab Cards
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  1. What is the chemistry of the body's structures and functions?
    Biochemistry or Molecular Biology
  2. What is the branch of natural sciences dealing with the composition of substances, their properties, and reactions?
    Chemistry
  3. What is the ability of chemical systems to do work or carry out change?
    Energy
  4. What is the material that ha mass and occupies space?
    Matter
  5. What is a form of energy?
    Heat
  6. What is the field of chemistry that studies matter composed of carbon?
    Organic Chemistry
  7. What is an element found in all living organisms?
    Carbon
  8. What is the smallest portion of an element that still retains its properties?
    Atom
  9. What is the parts of an atom?
    Subatomic Particles
  10. What is a substance composed of atoms having identical numbers of subatomic parts that cannot be broken down into simpler substances by normal chemical means?
    Element
  11. What is a chart of all known elements arranged according to chemical properties?
    Periodic Table
  12. What is the structure of atoms composing each element, consisting of an atomic nucleus and atomic orbitals?
    Atomic Structure
  13. What is a core of dense material providing an element with its mass and physical properties?
    Atomic Nucleus
  14. What is the regions around the nucleus where electrons are located?
    Atomic Orbitals (shells)
  15. what is any characteristic that can be detected by the five human senses or devices that are extensions of the senses?
    Physical Properties
  16. What is a positively charged subatomic particle found in the nucleus?
    Proton
  17. What is the number of protons in an atom?  
    Atomic Number
  18. What is the sum of protons and neutrons in an atom's nucleus?
    Atomic mass
  19. What is a variation of an element having the same number of protons, but a different number of neutrons?
    Isotope
  20. What is it called when the nucleus of an atom breaks down? 
    Nuclear Decay
  21. What describes a substance that gives off energy due to the decay of its unstable atoms?
    Radioactive
  22. What is a method for dating organic remains based on their content of carbon-14?
    Radiocarbon dating
  23. What is a negatively charged particle that orbits the nucleus?
    Electron
  24. What is an element that has gained or lost an electron?
    Ion
  25. What is the way atoms are attached to each other?
    Chemical Bond
  26. What is identical elements bonded together?
    Pure Molecules
  27. What are molecules of two or more different elements bonded together?
    Compound
  28. What is a bond between two electrically charged elements?
    Ionic Bond
  29. What are organic molecules produced by the chemical reactions of living organisms?
    Biochemicals
  30. What is a bond between two elements sharing electrons?
    Covalent Bond
  31. What is a temporary weak bond between a partial positive hydrogen atom and a partial negative oxygen, nitrogen, or fluorine atom?
    Hydrogen Bond 
  32. What is a glue- like property, as well with water?
    Adhesiveness
  33. What is a substance's tendency to stick to itself?
    Cohesiveness

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