Behavioralns

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hazciel
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169741
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Behavioralns
Updated:
2012-09-09 03:16:43
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chapterone brain choroid plexus central canal cartoid artery vertebral nervous system
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Chapter1
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  1. the eximination of body tissues following death
    autopsy
  2. the branch of psychollogy in which the biolocal foundations of behavior emotions and mental processes are studied 
    biological psychology
  3. a philosophical perspective put forward by Rene Descrates in which the body is mechanistic whereas the mind is separate and nonphysical
    Mini bodydualism
  4. a philosophical perspective characteristics of the neorscience in which the mind is viewed as the product of activity in the brain nervous system,
    Monism
  5. The pseudoscientific notion that skull contours indicate personality and character traits
    Phrenology
  6. the study of cells and tissues in the microscopic level
    histology
  7. a device used to make very thin slices of tissue for histology
    Microtome
  8. a stain developed by camillo golgi used to observe single neurons
    Golgi silver stain
  9. a stain used to view population of cell bodies
    nissl stain
  10. a stain used to trace neural pathways
    myelin stain
  11. a stain used to trace axons pathways from their terminals to points of origin
    horseradish peroxide
  12. an imaging technology in which computers are used to enhance xray images
    CT scan
  13. An imaging technique that provides information regarding the localization of brain activity
    positionemission tomography (PET) 
  14. An imaging technique that provides very high resolution structural images
    Magnetci resonance imaging (MRI)
  15. short for volume pixel. a pixel is the smallest distinguishable square part of a two dimensional image. A voxel is the smallest distinguishable box-shaped part of a three dimensional image
    Voxel
  16. a technology using a series of mri images taken 1 to 4 seconds apart in order to asses the activity of the brain
    fMRI
  17. a technology for studying the activity of the brain through recordings from electrodes placed on the scalp
    Electroencephalogram
  18. An alteration in the egg recording produced in response to the application of a particular stimulus
    Evoked potentials
  19. a technology for recording the magnetic output of the brain
    magnetoencephalography
  20. a technique for stimulating the cortex at regular intervals by applying a magnetic pulse through a wire coil encased in plastic and placed on the sclap
    Repeated transcranial magnetic stimulation 
  21. pathological or traumatic damage to tissue
    Lesion
  22. the surgical remocval of tissue
    ablation
  23. a technique for assessing the chemical composition of a very small area of the brain
    microdialysis
  24. the amount of variability of trait in a population that is due to genetics
    heritability
  25. genes that take the place of normal genes but that fail to produce the specific protein produced by the normal genes
    knockout genes
  26. an undifferentiated cell that can divide and diferintiate into other types of cell
    stem cell
  27. a directional term meaning toward the head of a four legged animal
    rostral anterior
  28. a directional term meaning toward the taif of a four legged animal
    caudial/posterior
  29. a directional term meaning toward the belly of a four legged anima
    inferior/dorsal
  30. an imaginary line that runs the length of the spinall cord to thte front of the brain
    neuraxis
  31. an imaginary line dividing the brain into two equal lines
    midline
  32. a directional term reffering to structures in the same side of the midline
    ipsilateral
  33. a directional term reffering to structures in opposite side of the midline
    contralateral
  34. a directional term meaning toward the midline
    medial
  35. a directioinal term meaning away from the midline
    lateral
  36. a directional term that means closer to the center; ussually applied to limbs; opposite to distal
    proximal
  37. a directional term meaning further away from another structure usually in refference to limbus
    distal
  38. an anatomical section dividing the brain front to back parallel to the face. also knwon as the frontal section
    Coronal section
  39. an anatomical section that is parallel to the midline
    sagittal section 
  40. a sagittal section that divides the brain into two approx equal halves
    midsagital section
  41. the layers of membranes that cover the central nervous system and the peripheral nerves
    meninges
  42. the outermost of the three layers of the meninges found in both the central and peripheral nervous systems 
    dura mater
  43. the inner most of the layers of meninges covering the centraul nervous system
    arachnoid layer
  44. the innermost of the layer of the meninges found in both the central and peripheral nervous system
    subarachnoid space
  45. an infection of the meninges 
    meningitis
  46. the special plasma like fluid circulating within the ventricles of the brain the central canal of the spinal cord and the buarachnid space
    cerebrospianl fluids
  47. one of the hollow spaces withing the brain that contain cerebrospinal fluid
    ventricle
  48. the lining of the ventricles which secrets the cerebrospinal fluid
    choroid plexus
  49. the smallest midline channel in the spinal cord that contains cerebrospinal fluid
    central canal
  50. one of the two major blood vessels that travel up the sides of the brain and suplly the brain
    carotid artery
  51. one of the important blood vessel that enter the brain from the back of the skull
    vertebral artery

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