Human Organ Systems

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Author:
harkle8741
ID:
169788
Filename:
Human Organ Systems
Updated:
2012-09-09 09:59:23
Tags:
organ systems principle functions organs
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Description:
Human organ systems with associated organs and functions
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  1. Name 11 Organ Systems
    • 1.      Integumentary
    • 2.      Skeletal
    • 3.      Muscular
    • 4.      Lymphatic
    • 5.      Respiratory
    • 6.      Urinary
    • 7.      Nervous
    • 8.      Endocrine
    • 9.      Circulatory
    • 10.    Digestive
    • 11.    Reproductive
    •     a.      Male
    •     b.     Female
  2. Integumentary System
      Organs and Functions
    • Organs
    •   skin, hair, nails, cutaneous glands

    • Functions
    •   protection, water retention, thermoregulation, vitamin D synthesis, cutaneous sensation, nonverbgal communication
  3. Skeletal System
      Organs and Functions
    • Organs
    •   bones, cartilages, ligaments

    • Functions
    •   support, movement, protective enclosure of viscera, blood formation, mineral storage, electrolyte and acid-base balance
  4. Muscular System
      Organs and Functions
    • Organs
    •   skeletal muscles

    • Functions
    •   movement, stability, communication, control of body openings, heat production
  5. Lymphatic System
      Organs and Functions
    • Organs
    •   lymph nodes, lymphatic vessels, thymus, spleen, tonsils

    • Functions
    •   recovery of excess tissue fluid, detection of pathogens, production of immune cells, defense against disease
  6. Respiratory System
      Organs and Functions
    • Organs
    •   nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs

    • Functions
    •   absorption of O2, discharge of CO2, acid-base balance, speech
  7. Urinary System
      Organs and Functions
    • Organs
    •   kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra

    • Functions
    •   elimination of wastes; regulation of blood volume and pressure; stimulation of red blood cell formation; control of fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base balance; detoxification
  8. Nervous System
      Organs and Functions
    • Organs
    •   brain, spinal cord, nerves, ganglia

    • Functions
    •   rapid internal communication, coordination, motor control and sensation
  9. Endocrine System
      Organs and Functions
    • Organs
    •   pituitary gland, pineal gland, thyroid gland, parathyroid glands, thymus, adrenal glands, pancreas, testes, ovaries

    • Functions
    •   hormone production; internal chemical communication and coordination
  10. Circulatory System
      Organs and Functions
    • Organs
    •   heart, blood vessels

    • Functions
    •   distribution of nutrients, oxygen, wastes, hormones, electrolytes, heat, immune cells, and antibodies; fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base balance
  11. Digestive System
      Organs and Functions
    • Organs
    •   teeth, tongue, salivary glands, espophagus, stomach, small and large intestines, liver, gallbladder, pancreas

    • Functions
    •   Nutrient breakdown and absorption. Liver functions include metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, vitamins, and minerals; synthesis of plasma proteins; disposal of drugs, toxins, and hormones; and cleansing of blood
  12. Reproductive Systems (Male and Female)
      Organs and Functions
    • Male
    •   Organs
    •     testes, epididymides, spermatic ducts, seminal vesicles, prostate gland, bulbourethral glands, penis
    •   Functions
    •     production and delivery of sperm; secretion of sex hormones

    • Female
    •   Organs
    •     ovaries, uterine tubes, uterus, vagina, mammary glands
    •   Functions
    •     production of eggs; site of ferilization and fetal development; fetal nourishment; birth; lactation; secretion of sex hormones

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