Bacteria Simple

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Author:
emac0408
ID:
169821
Filename:
Bacteria Simple
Updated:
2012-09-12 16:43:48
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Bacteria
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Description:
Bacteria
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  1. Staphylococcus
    • Gram+ Cocci
    • fac. Anaero
    • Catalase+
    • -S. aureus:  Coagulase +, Mannitol+, B-hemolytic
    • -S. epidermidis:  Coagulase (-), Mannitol (-)
    • -S. saprophyticus:  Coagulase (-)
  2. Streptococcus
    • Gram+ Cocci
    • fac. Anaero
    • Catalase (-)
    • -S. pyogenes (Group A):  Bacitracin disk+, B-hemolytic
    • -S. agalactiae (Group B):  CAMP+, B,y-hemolytic
    • -S. pneumoniae:  Optochin+, Quellung Rxn, a-hemolytic
    • -Viridans: a-hemolytic
    • -Mutans: enamel adhesion- Dental Caries
  3. Enterococcus
    • Gram+ Cocci
    • fac. Anaero
    • Catalase (-)
    • a,B,y hemolytic
    • 6.5% NaCl+
    • Esculin w/ 40% Bile+
    • -E. faecalis (90%)
    • -E. faecium (10%)
    • -E. durans

    • Esp (surface prot.: biofilms)
    • Aggregation Substance (pheromone->mating/clump)
    • Cytolysin  (Gram+ and eukaryotes)
    • Bacteriolysin
    • Gelatinase (C3)
  4. Bacillus
    • Gram+ Rods
    • fac. Anaero
    • "Boxcar"
    • soil/vegetation
    • -B. anthracis:  protein capsule, Bamboo, Medusa's Head, y-hemolytic, non-motile
    • -B. cereus:  B-hemolytic (food poison, eye toxic), motile, no capsule
  5. Clostridium
    • Gram+ Rods
    • Strict Anarobes
    • Odorous, gas forming
    • saprophytes
    • "Boxcar"
    • -C. perfringens:  2xhemolytic, Nagler's(Ab to a-toxin), Egg yolk, non-motile
    • -C. tetani:  raised/irreg colony, drumstick, motile
    • -C. botulinum:  motile, alkaline veg (A)/fish(E), no gr at pH<4.6
    • -C. difficile:  nl colon flora, motile
  6. Corynebacterium
    • Gram+ Rods
    • "Chinese Lettering"
    • -C. diphtheriae:
    • fac. Anaero
    • Catalase+
    • a,B,y-hemolytic
    • non-spore, non-motile
  7. Listeria
    • Gram+ Rod
    • fac. Anaero
    • Catalase+
    • non-spore
    • -L. monocytogenes:  Umbrella, tumbling, actin propulsion
  8. Enterobacteria
    • Gram (-) Rods
    • fac. Anaero
    • Cytochrome oxidase (-)
    • Nitrate (+)
    • Glc/Lactose:  MacConkey+(red), EMB agar+(blue)
    • -E.coli:  motile, +/-capsule
    • -Klebsiella:  non-motile, ^^capsule: mucoid
    • -Citrobacter:  motile
    • -Serratia marcescens:
    • -Enterobacter:   
    • Glc only:  
    • -Proteus:  motile, UTI (infant males), Urease+
    • -Salmonella:  motile
    • -Shigella:  red pigment, non-motile
    • -Yersinia:
  9. Pseudomonas
    • Gram (-) Rods
    • ~Strict Aero
    • Oxidase+:  Oxidase Test (TMPPD)+ (purple)(enterobact are -)
    • -P. auruginosa:  fruity odor, blue/green (pyocyanin: in cilia), Nosocomial, Eye/cornea destruct
  10. Burkholderia
    • Gram (-) Rods
    • ~Strict Aero
    • Oxidase+:  Oxidase Test (TMPPD)+ (purple) Pseudomonas-like
    • -B. cepacia:  opportunistic
    • -B. mallei:  Human Glanders, obligate animal parasite 
    • -B. pseudomallei:  Meliodosis (glanders-like), Vietnam
  11. Stenotrophomonas
    • Gram(-) Rods
    • ~Strict Aero
    • Oxidase (-)
    • Pseudomonas-like
    • -S.maltophilia:  Nosocomial
  12. Mycobacterium
    • Gram+ Rods
    • Strict Aero
    • Acid-Fast
    • non-motile, non-spore
    • Slow growth
    • ^CpG DNA
    • Cording  (trehalose6,6dimycolate)
    • Cell Wall:  Mycolic A.(long), LAM (like LPS), PIM (cd4+adhesion)
    • Non-Runyon:  
    • MTComplex: M. tuberculosis, bovis, microti, africanum
    • M. leprae
    • Runyon:  NTM:
    • Group I: (SGM, photochromogens) M. kansasii, marinum 
    • Group II: (SGM, scotochromogens) M. gordonae, scrofulaceum
    • Group III: (SGM, nonchromogens): MAComplex:  M.avium, intracellulare
    • Group IV: (RGM, nonchromogens): M. abscessus, chelonae, fortuitum
  13. Actinomycetes
    • Gram+ Rods
    • fac. Anaero, prefer fermentation
    • Filamentous
    • Sulfur Granules
    • "Molar Tooth" colony
    • Not Acid-Fast
    • Odontogenic
    • Endogenous infection
    • Honey Badger Tplane
    • -A. israelii, naeslundii, odontolyticus, viscosus
    • -A. meyeri:  Strict Anaerobe
  14. Nocardia
    • Gram+ Rods
    • Strict Aero
    • Aerial Hyphae
    • Modified Kinyoun Stain (weak acid-fast)
    • Cording
    • Mycolic A. (short)
    • Exogenous infection (actinomycetes are endog): Bronchopulm

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