WHAP Chapter 3

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  1. What enabled Sudanic people to organize small scale states?
    Agricultural productivity 
  2. What profoundly influenced social organization and agriculture in the Northern half of Africa 
    Long term climatic change which turned the cool and well watered Sahara dessert into a ho, dry, arid, and uninhabitable place. 
  3. What happened when the waters of the Nile receded?
    They left behind a layer of rich, fertile muck and those alluvial deposits supported a remarkably productive agriculture
  4. Define cataract
    A stretch of rapids and waterfalls 
  5. To what country was the Nile more prosporous too, Egypt or Nubia?
  6. Define Coptic 
    The launguage of the Egyptian people 
  7. What happened as the African climate grew hotter?
    The Sudanic people moved more down the Nile
  8. What discouraged forign invaders from invading Egypt and Nubia?
    The surrounding water of the Meddeterainian and Red Sea along with hostile deserts
  9. What were the earliest Egptian and Nubian States?
    Small Kingdoms 
  10. Who was Menes 
    An ambitious minor official from Southern Egypt who rose to power and extended his authority North and into the Delta
  11. What is significant about Memphis?
    It served as the capital of Menes and soon became the cultural and political senter of Egypt 
  12. What was significant about early Egyptian pharohs?
    They claimed to be gods living on earth in human form 
  13. What was the most enduring symbol of a pharoahs authority in the Old Kingdom 
  14. What is Khufu 
    The largest pyramid 
  15. What is significant about Kush
     It was a powerful Kingdom, organized by Nubian leaders, that was a formidable and wealthy state that dominated the upper reaches of the Nile 
  16. Who were Hyksos?
    Semetic peole who invaded Egypt and introduced them to horses and bronze metallorgy 
  17. How did pharaohs of the New Kingdom advertise their power and authority?
    Through numerous temples, palaces, and monumental statues
  18. How did Egyptian authority try to prevent new invasions similar to the one of the Hyksos?
    By seizing control of regions that might pose as threats in the future 
  19. What was significant about Napta/
    The new kingdom of Kush after the Egyptians left Nubia
  20. What is significant about Thebes?
    It was the prominent political center before the unifiction of Egypt and after the unification, Thebes ecame the administrative capital.
  21. What is significant about Heliopolis?
    It was the headquarters of the sun cult near memphis and a principal cultural center of Ancient Egypt. Also the sight of an enormous temple to the Sun God Re
  22. What was significant about Tanis?
    It was a bustling port and Egypts gateway to the Medditeranian 
  23. What was significant about Kerma?
    It was the capital city of Kush and dominated river and overland routes between Egypt and North Sudanic regions of the south
  24. How was Kerma destroyed?
    By Egypts expansive army of the New Kingdom 
  25. What was significant about Napta?
    It was the new political center of Nubia and less vunerable to attacks because of its distance
  26. What was significant about Meroe?
    It was the new capital of Kush that enjoyed great prosperity because of its participation in Nile tradenetworks 
  27. What encouraged the formation sof heirchies and social classes?
    Accumulated wealth
  28. What did peasent and slaves provided Egypt/Nubia 
    Hard labor that made complex agrocultural society possibe
  29. Who did Egyptians recognize as rulers?
  30. Who did Mesopotamians recognize as rulers?
    Urban Kings
  31. How were high posistions in Egypt different from those in Mesopotamia?
    Individuals of common birth could attain high posistion in Egypt more than they could in Mesopotamia
  32. Why was Quen Hatshpsut significant?
    She was one of the only Egyptian pharaohs
  33. What encouraged the development of trade networks along the Nile?
    Specialized labor and the invention of efficient transportation
  34. Why was bronze metallurgy less prominent in Nubia?
    The people of Nubia did not posses enough copper of tin to participate in bronze metallurgy. However they did have enough iron 
  35. What was the largest site of large scale iron production?
  36. Why did Egypt rely heavily of trade?
    Because of their lack of natural resources
  37. What were Egyptians most pried exports?
    Fine linen textiles and highly decorated ornamental objects
  38. What is significant about Punt?
    Is was a East African land where the Egyptians of the New Kingdom imported gold, ebony, ivory, cattle, aromatics, and slaves
  39. What were the earliest Egyptian writings?
  40. What is significant about heiroglyphs?>
    They were symbols that represented souds and ideas; they were used for formal writings and monumental inscriptions 
  41. What was Hieratic scripts?
    Simplified cursive form of heiroglyphs used for everyday affairs
  42. Why was "The Sative of the Trades" significant?
    It describes the privilleged life of scribes
  43. What was the early writing in Nubia?
    Egyptian heiroglyphs
  44. Who were the principal gods in Egypt?
    Re and Amon 
  45. Who was Re?
    The original Theban diety associated with sun, creation, fertility, and reproductive forces
  46. Who was Re?
    The Sun god worshipped in Heliopolis
  47. Who was Aten?
    A diety associated with the sun; the followers of Aten included Akhenaten and his people
  48. Why was Ahenanten and his belief in Aten significant?
    Ahenaten's faith in Aten represented the worlds earliest expression of monotheism
  49. How was the belief of eternal life different in the New Kingdom compared to the Old Kingdom?
    In the new kingdom, Egyptians came to think of enternal life as a condition avaliableto memebers of the ruling class AND normal mortals 
  50. Who was Apedemak?
    A prominent Nubien diety who was the lion god and served as the war god for the Kingdom Kush
  51. Who was Sebiumeker?
    The creator god and devine gaurdian of human devotees (Nubian God)
  52. Why was Oisis significant?
    He was an Egyptian diety associated with immortality and was honored though a religious cult that demanded observance of high moral standards
  53. Where did Bantu people settle?
    Along the banks of rivers and open areas of the regions forest
  54. Wht did Bantu people cultivate?
    Yam, oil palms, millet, and sorgnum
  55. Describe Bantu living quarters?
    Clan based villages headed by chiefs who conducted religious rituals and represented them
  56. Who did Bantu people originally trade with?
    Huntere and gatherers who inhabited the tropical forest (originally called pygmies but latered called forest people)
  57. What was the most likely cause of the Bantu migrations?
    Polulation pressures
  58. What was the significance of the canoes used by the Bantu people?
    They allowed the Bantu's to travel rapidly and establish new settlement along riverbanks
  59. What anabled the Bantu population to increase more rapidly
    Agricultural surplus
  60. What was thre most important effects of the Bantu migrations?
    The establishment of agricultural societies
  61. Sudanic, Bantu, and Niger-Congo people held what type of beliefs?
  62. Who was Nyamba?
    A god recognized by Niger-Congo people who created the world and established principals that would govern its development
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WHAP Chapter 3
2012-09-09 22:32:44
World History AP

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