chp8 diseases n procedures

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Author:
tatzchik
ID:
169895
Filename:
chp8 diseases n procedures
Updated:
2012-09-09 18:39:52
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respiratory
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respiratory diseases
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  1. infection and inflammation of bronchial airways
    acute bronchitis
  2. acute, life-threatening condition of lung injury that develops secondary to some other lung trauma or disorder
    • acute respiratory distress syndrome
    • (ARDS)
  3. inflammation of the nasal membranes, caused by allergies
    allergic rhinitis
  4. respiratory disease caused by chronic or repetitive inhalation of ________ fibers
    asbestosis
  5. disease marked by episodic narrowing and inflammation of the airways, resulting in wheezing, SOB, and cough
    asthma
  6. partial collapse of the alveoli and tiny airways of the lung
    atelectasis
  7. a skill often taught in first-aid courses that helps restore a victims breathing and circulation
    • cardiopulmonary resuscitation
    • (CPR)
  8. group of diseases in which alveolar air sacs are destroyed and chronic, severe SOB results
    • chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
    • COPD
  9. respiratory disease caused by chronic or repetitive inhalation of coal dust;
    aka black lung/ anthracosis
    • coal workers pneumoconiosis
    • CWP
  10. acute inflammation of the nasal mucosa;the common cold
    coryza
  11. abnormal crackly lung sound-like the sound of rice-krispies--heard with a stethoscope, caused by air passing over retained secretions or by the sudden opening of collapsed airways
    crackles
  12. acute viral disease, usually in children, marked by a barking, "seal-like" cough and respiratory distress
    croup
  13. fatal genetic disease that causes frequent respiratory infections, increased airway secretions, and COPD in children
    • cystic fibrosis
    • CT
  14. condition in which the nasal septum is displaced to the side, causing the two nares (nasal passages) to be unequal
    deviated septum
  15. disorder marked by abnormal increase in the size of air spaces distal to th terminal bronchiole and destruction of the alveolar walls, resulting in loss of normal elasticity and in progressive dyspnea
    emphysema
  16. collection of infected fluid (pus) between the two pleural membranes that line the lungs
    empyema
  17. episode of bleeding from the nose; aka nosebleed
    epistaxis
  18. coughing up blood from the respiratory tract
    hemoptysis
  19. condition in which blood or bloody fluid has collected within the intrapleural space, causing lung compression and respiratory distress
    hemothorax
  20. systemic respiratory disease caused by histoplasma capsulatum, a fungus found in soil contaminated with bird droppings
    histoplasmosis
  21. chronic retention of CO2 causing symptoms of mental cloudiness and lethargy
    hypercapnia
  22. common, contagious, acute viral respiratory illness; aka flu
    influenza
  23. condition of inflammation of the larynx, evidenced by a temporary hoarseness or loss of the voice
    laryngitis
  24. bacterial lung infection caused by the bacterium _______ pneumophila
    legionellosis
  25. rounded tissue growths on the nasal or sinal mucosa
    nasal polyps
  26. dysfunctional breathing that occurs when the upper airway is intermittently blocked during sleep
    • obstructive sleep apnea
    • OSA
  27. labored breathing that occurs when lying flat and improves when sitting up
    orthopnea
  28. inflammation of the pharynx; sore throat
    pharyngitis
  29. excess collection of fluid in the intrapleural space
    pleural effusion
  30. condition in which the pleurae become inflamed, causing sharp inspiratory chest pain; aka pleuritis
    pleurisy
  31. any disease of the respiratory tract caused by chronic or repetitive inhalation of dust particles
    pneumoconiosis
  32. bacterial or viral infection of the lungs
    pneumonia
  33. condition in which air collects in the intrapleural space, categorized as open, closed, spontaneous, or tension, and commonly called collapsed lung
    pneumothorax
  34. sudden obstruction of a pulmonary blood vessel by debris, blood clots, or other matter
    • pulmonary embolism
    • PE
  35. contagious infection caused by the Mycobacterium tuberculosis organism, primarily affecting the lungs but sometimes also spreading to and affecting other organ systems
    • pulmonary tuberculosis
    • TB
  36. coarse, gurgling sound heard in the lungs witha stethoscope, caused by secretions in the air passages
    rhonchi
  37. respiratory disease caused by chronic or repetitive inhalation of silica (quartz) dust
    silicosis
  38. inflammation of the lining of the sinus cavaties
    sinusitis
  39. high-pitched upper-airway sound heard without a stethoscope, indicating airway obstruction; a medical emergency
    stridor
  40. infection and inflammation of upper-airway structures, usually caused by a virus; aka common cold
    • upper respiratory infection
    • URI
  41. somewhat musical sound heard in the lungs, usually with a stethoscope, caused by a partial airway obstruction (such as with asthma)
    wheeze
  42. measurement of O2 and CO2 levels and acid-base balance (pH balance) in arterial blood
    • arterial blood gases
    • ABG
  43. visual examination of the airways of the lungs
    bronchoscopy
  44. radiological picture of the lungs
    chest x-ray
  45. intradermal injection of tuberculin purified protein derivative (PPD) just beneath the surface of the skin to identify whether the patient has been exposed to tuberculosis
    Mantoux test
  46. handheld device used to deliver medication to the patients lower airways
    • Metered dose inhaler
    • MDI
  47. device that produces a fine spray or mist to deliver medication to a patients deep airways
    Nebulizer
  48. infusion of a sterile, irritating substance into the pleural space causing the pleural linings to fuse to one another by developing scar tissue
    Pleurodesis
  49. placement of the patient in various positions that facilitate drainage of secretions from the lungs, often done along with chest physiotherapy (CPT)
    postural drainage
  50. radiographic examination of pumonary circulation after injection of a contrast dye
    pulmonary angiography
  51. group of tests that provide information regarding lung capacity; aka spirometry
    • pulmonary function tests
    • PFTs
  52. indirect measurement of arterial-blood O2 saturation level, aka Spo2 ; the normal level in a person with healthy lungs is 97% to 99%
    pulse oximetry
  53. examination of mucus or fluid coughed up from the lungs
    sputum analysis
  54. surgical puncture of the chest wall to remove fluid from the interpleural space; aka pleurocentesis
    Thoracentesis
  55. measurement of the volume of air that can be exhaled after maximum inspiration
    • Vital capacity
    • VC

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