PHLEBOTOMY

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Author:
kimyatta
ID:
169910
Filename:
PHLEBOTOMY
Updated:
2012-09-09 19:54:32
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PHLEBOTOMY
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STUDY GUIDE
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  1. INVERTING
    MIXING ADDITIVE WITH BLOOD 8-10 TIMES
  2. PREVENT INFECTION
    70% ISOPROPYL ALCOHOL (RUBBING ALCOHOL)
  3. ALCOHOL
    DOES NOT STERILIZE THE SKIN
  4. ALCOHOL SHOULD REMAIN ON SKIN
    30-60 SECONDS
  5. THIXOTROPIC GEL
    CAN BE FOUND IN SOME TUBES, INCLUDING THE SERUM SEPARATION TUBE (TIGER TOP)
  6. ETHYLENEDIAMINE TETAACETIC ACID
    FOUND IN THE LAVENDER-TOPPED TUBE, PREVENTS PLATELET CLUMPING AND PRESERVES THE APPEARANCE OF BLOOD CELLS FOR MICROSCOPIC EXAMS.
  7. HEMOCONCENTRATION
    A CONDITION IN WHICH THE CONCENTRATION OF BLOOD CELLS IS INCREASED IN PROPORTION TO THE PLASMA.
  8. HEMOLYSIS
    THE DESTRUCTION OR DISSOLUTION OF RED BLOOD CELLS, WITH SUBSEQUENT RELEASE OF HEMOGLOBIN
  9. PLASMA
    THE LIQUID PORTION OF WHOLE BLOOD THAT CONTAINS ACTIVE CLOTTING AGENTS
  10. SERUM
     THE LIQUID PORTION OF WHOLE BLOOD THAT REMAINS AFTER THE BLOOD HAS CLOTTED
  11. THIXOTROPIC GEL
    A MATERIAL THAT APPEARS TO BE A SOLID UNTIL SUBJECTED TO A DISTURBANCE, SUCH AS CENTRIFUGATION, WHEREUPON IT BECOMES A LIQUID
  12. PROPER COLLECTION OF BLOOD REQUIRES SPECIALIZED EQUIPMENT
    • DOUBLE-POINTED SAFETY NEEDLES
    • EVACUTED, STOPPERED TUBES
    • NEEDLE HOLDER
    • SHARPS CONTAINER           MARKING PEN
    • SYRINGES        TOURNIQUET
    • WINGED INFUSION SETS(BUTTERFLY NEEDLES)
  13. PHLEBOTOMY
    THE PRACTICE OF DRAWING BLOOD
  14. FOUR BODY HUMORS
    • BLOOD
    • PHLEGM
    • YELLOW BILE
    • BLACK BILE
  15. FOUNDATION OF ALL MEDICAL TREATMENT WAS TO KEEP THESE HUMORS IN BALANCE BY
    • PURGING
    • STARVING
    • VOMITING
    • BLOODLETTING
  16. TOURNIQUETS ARE TIED
    3 TO 4 INCHES ABOVE THE ELBOW
  17. COMMON METHOD OF TAKING BLOOD 
    VENIPUNCTURE. BLOOD IS TAKEN DIRECTLY FROM SURFACE VEIN
  18. YELLOW
    SPS PREVENTS BLOOD CLOTTING AND STABILIZES BACTERIAL GROWTH (ADDITIVE AND ITS FUNCTION)

    BLOOD OR BODY FLUID CULTURES (LABORATORY USE)
  19. RED
    NONE (ADDITIVE AND ITS FUNCTION) 

    SERUM TESTS; CHEMISTRY STUDIES, BLOOD BANK, SEROLOGY (LABORATORY USE)
  20. RED-GRAY
    NONE, BUT CONTAINS SILICIA PARTICLES TO ENHANCE CLOT FORMATION (ADDITIVE AND ITS FUNCTION)

    SERUM TESTS (LABORATORY USE)
  21. LIGHT BLUE
    SODIUM CITRATE; REMOVES CALCIUM TO PREVENT BLOOD FROM CLOTTING (ADDITIVES AND ITS USE)

    COAGULATION TESTING (LABORATORY USE)
  22. GREEN
    HEPARIN (SODIUM/LITHIUM/AMMONIUM); INHIBITS THROMBIN FORMATION TO PREVENT CLOTTING (ADDITIVES AND ITS USE)

    CHEMISTRY TESTS (LABORATORY USE)
  23. LAVENDER
    EDTA; REMOVES CALCIUM TO PREVENT BLOOD CLOTTING (ADDITIVES AND ITS FUNCTION)

    HEMATOLOGY TESTING (LABORATORY USE)
  24. GRAY
    POTASSIUM OXALATE AND SODIUM FLUORIDE; REMOVES CALCIUM TO PREVENT BLOOD FROM CLOTTING; FLUORIDE INHIBITS GLYCOLYSIS (ADDITIVES AND ITS FUNCTION)

    CHEMISTRY TESTING ESPECIALLY GLUCOSE AND ALCOHOL LEVELS (LABORATORY USE)

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