Module 1

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Module 1
2012-12-10 15:46:57
Loose terms

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  1. Disease
    Small changes in the balance of each of these, at any level, can cause major problems in the organism.
  2. Parietal
    The surface closest to the cavity wall.
  3. Visceral
    Surface closest to the organ inside the cavity.
  4. Oblique
    any plane that does not fit the above system.
  5. Frontal cut
    Coranal. Dividing posterior from anterior.
  6. What organ is in the Right upper quadrant
  7. What organ is in the Left upper quadrant
    • Spleen
    • Left Kidney
  8. What organ is in the Right lower quadrant
    • Cecum
    • Appendix (McBurney's point)
  9. What organ is in the Left lower quadrant
    Left ovary
  10. Modality
    a technique used to visualize structers.
  11. Axial Bones
    • Skull
    • Vertebral column
    • Sternum
    • Ribs
  12. Appendicular Structures
    • Upper extremeity (arm)
    • Lower extremity (leg)
  13. Upper extremety (arm) bones (8)
    • Clavicle
    • Scapula
    • Humerus
    • Radius
    • Ulna
    • Carpals
    • Metacarpals
    • Phalanges
  14. Lower extremety (leg) bones (8)
    • Pelvis
    • Femur
    • Patella
    • Tibia
    • Fibula
    • Tarsals
    • Metatarsals
    • Phalanges
  15. What is the receptors function
    Monitors controlled condition
  16. What is Control Center function
    Receives input and provides output
  17. What is Effectors function
    Bring about change in controlled condition
  18. What are Baroreceptors
    They are in the walls of blood vessels.  They sense blood pressure.
  19. Why are Negative feedback loops most common of the homeostatic circuit
    Because they are self-controlling: they cannot spin out of control if they are over-stimulated
  20. If a response enhances or intensifies the stimulus, what system is operating
    Positive feedback loop
  21. Oxytocin
    a hormone that travels through the bloodstream to increase contractions in the uterus
  22. Positive feedback Examples
    • Blood Clotting
    • Childbirth
    • Sever blood loss
    • Child stops suckling or milk is depleted
  23. Negative feedback Examples
    • Body temperature
    • Blood Glucose
    • Many, many others
  24. Positive feedback loop Characteristics
    • Strengthen or reinforce a change
    • Action continues until it is interrupted
    • Reinforces conditions that do not happen very often
  25. Negative feedback loop Characteristics
    Reverses a change in a controlled condition

    Action stops automatically when setpoint is reached

    Regulate conditions that remain fairly stable over long periods.
  26. Hypertension is also known as
    High blood pressure
  27. If the setpoint for fats  is abnormal we call this
  28. If the homeostatic loop for the pancreatic hormone insulin (receptors and control center), or the cells that respond to it (effector), is abnormal, which causes blood sugar levels to be abnormal, this disease is called
    Diabetes mellitus (there are two types, called "type I" and "type II"