Chapter 1

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Author:
hdemeter01
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169975
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Chapter 1
Updated:
2012-09-10 00:27:16
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anatomy physiology
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Major Themes of Anatomy and Physiology
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  1. The study of form & funtion of body parts (study of what something looks like)
    Anatomy
  2. The study of how things work
    Physiology
  3. A basic unit of life (how it works)
    Cells
  4. Cells together
    -Aggregation of cells, usually forming part of an organ and performing some discrete function for it
    Tissue
  5. any anatomical structure  composed of at least two different tissue types, has recognizable structural boundaries, and discrete function different from those around it.
    Organ
  6. the sum of all reactions in your body
    metabolism
  7. taking something larger and breaking it down (give energy away)
    catabolism
  8. taking small things & making them larger by putting them together (put energy in)
    anabolism
  9. how we react to protect us

    ex. sunfower growing oddly to get sunlight
    response to stimuli
  10. ex. heart and digestion
    movement
  11. unset growth

    ex.trees
    indeterminent
  12. a set growth

    ex. human height
    determinent
  13. this must occur to continue the population of species
    reproduction
  14. what a cell does to get a job in the body (become specialized)
    -development of unspecialized cell into more specific structure and function 
    differentiation
  15. a condition in which the bodies internal environment remains within certain preset physiological parameter
    homeostasis
  16. where your body wants to be in
    set point
  17. where the body can be okay with current conditions
    normal range
  18. monitors & reports to the brain what's going on
    receptor
  19. the brain, interprets the receptor and analyzes the information
    control center
  20. the part that makes changes the control center dictates
    effector
  21. bringing things back into the normal range
    negative feedback
  22. type of feedback look that makes the problem worse
    positive feedback
  23. normal glucose levels
    80-120
  24. hormone secreted by alpha cells of pancreatic islets on response to hypoglycemia; promotes raising of glucose concentration
    glucagon
  25. divides the body into left and right parts
    sagittal
  26. cut through the body perpendicularly to the sagittal planes, producing front and back portions
    coronal (frontal) planes
  27. divides the body into upper and lower parts
    transverse
  28. reference posture that aloows for standardized anatomical terminology
    anatomical position
  29. above
    superior
  30. below
    inferior
  31. front
    anterior (ventral)
  32. back
    posterior (dorsal)
  33. closer to the midline
    medial
  34. further away from the midline, towards the sides
    lateral
  35. close to the point of attachment
    proximal
  36. further from the point of attachment
    distal
  37. structure that is nearer the surface of the body or organ
    superficial
  38. structure that is further away from the surface of the body/organ
    deep
  39. located within the skull
    cranial cavity
  40. surrounded by the ribs
    thoracic cavity
  41. surrounds the heart and lies within the mediastinum
    pericardium
  42. surrounds the lungs
    pleura
  43. centrally located between the lungs
    mediastinum
  44. the soft region located between the ribs and the pelvis
    abdominal cavity
  45. lies within the bony pelvis
    pelvic cavity
  46. flat thin sheets of tissue that cover body surfaces or line cavities
    membranes
  47. tissue layer that forms the inner lining of an anatomical tract
    mucous membranes
  48. membrane that lines a body cavity or covers the external sufaces of the viscera
    serous membranes

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