Objective 21 +

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  1. Our body temperature is regulated by what four systems
    Muscular, Integumentary, Cardiovascular, and Nervous
  2. Our body fluid composition is regulated by what four systems
    Urinary, Digestive, Respiratory, and Cardiovascular
  3. Signs are determined by observation of patient, what are some examples..
    Swelling, redness, rashes, pus formation, fever, vomiting, and others.
  4. Symptoms are determined by asking the patient, what are some examples....
    Nausea, pain, shortness of breath, headache, generalized malaise.
  5. Laboratory tests are used to determine presence of
  6. Syndrome
    is a set of signs and/or symptoms that often occur together.  Usually, we don't understand the relationship between these.
  7. Hypertension
    High blood pressure
  8. Dyslipidemia
    Abnormal fats in blood
  9. Obesity
  10. Type II diebetes
    increased sugar in blood
  11. Examples of disruptions in homeostasis from internal causes
    Hypertension, dyslipidemia, obesity, diabetes mellitus type II, and autonoimmune diseases
  12. Modes of Disease Transmission
    • Contact Transmission
    • Common Vehicle Transmission
    • Airborne Transmission
  13. Contact Transmission
    Direct (touching, kissing, intercourse)

    Indirect (fomites: shared objects)

    Droplet (distance < 1 meter)
  14. Common Vehicle Transmission
    Contaminated food, water, blood
  15. Airborne Transmission
    Pathogens stay alive in droplets or dust traveling > 1 meter
  16. Vector Transmission
    an organism that trnsmits disease

    tick, mosquito, flies
  17. If the vector is a person who does not appear to be ill, they are called a
  18. Sporadic infections
    Occur in individuals here and there, with no evidence of widespread incidence in a population;
  19. Endemic infections
    are more common in one geographic area than elsewhere, but occur at low to moderate levels in that area
  20. Epidemic infections
    Occur at a higher than normal level in a population
  21. Pandemic infections
    occur worldwide
  22. Immunocompromised
    disease which has lowered their ability to fight off invading infectious illnes
  23. Nosocomial Infections  (Noscomial means "hospital acquired")
    Exogenous - transmitted from external environment

    Endogenorus - infections arise from organisms already present in or on the patient.
  24. Universal Precautions

    Guidelines from CDC to help reduce transmission of infections

    Protective barriers

    Strict protocols for the disposals of contaminated needles, scalpels, and other equipment
Card Set:
Objective 21 +
2012-12-10 20:47:33

Disease, infections, ect.
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