Chapter 2

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Author:
hdemeter01
ID:
169981
Filename:
Chapter 2
Updated:
2012-09-10 00:59:45
Tags:
anatomy physiology
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Description:
The chemistry of life
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  1. anything that has both mass and volume
    matter
  2. a simple substance that cannot be decomposed by chemical means and that is made up of atoms
    elements
  3. Symbol for Hydrogen
    H
  4. Symbol for Sodium
    Na
  5. Symbol for Potassium
    K
  6. Symbol for IronĀ 
    Fe
  7. Symbol for Calcium
    Ca
  8. Symbol for Nitrogen
    N
  9. Symbol for Carbon
    C
  10. Symbol for Oxygen
    O
  11. Symbol for Chlorine
    Cl
  12. the smallest complete unit of each element
    atoms
  13. protons & neutrons
    nucleus
  14. netural, no charge
    neutrons
  15. positive charge
    protons
  16. negative charge
    electrons
  17. how many prontons in an element
    atomic number
  18. the outer most shell of the electron diagram
    valance shell
  19. an element with a different mass to create a different # of neutrons
    isotopes
  20. element will gain or give away an electron
    ionic bonding
  21. anything with a charge
    ion
  22. positive charge (in relation to ion)
    cation
  23. negative charge (in relation to ion)
    anion
  24. share electrons
    covalent bonds
  25. share equally same amount with one element than with the other
    nonpolar covalent bonds
  26. not sharing electrons equally
    polar covalent bonds
  27. give 3D to body
    hydrogen bonds
  28. dissolving
    ionization
  29. has at least 1 carbon & 1 hydrogen
    organic chemistry
  30. preferred source of energy
    carbohydrates
  31. DNA, RNA
    nucleic acids
  32. does not have at least 1 carbon & 1 hydrogen
    inorganic chemistry
  33. one sugar
    monosaccarides
  34. our body can naturally change to glucose
    fructose
  35. blood sugar, energy
    glucose
  36. two sugars
    disaccharides
  37. long chains of many monosaccharides
    polysaccharides
  38. stored form of sugar
    glycogen
  39. sugars found in plants
    starch
  40. type of sugar body cannot break down
    cellulose
  41. all fats stored in body
    triglyceride
  42. type of medication that cures a lotta stuff
    steroid
  43. building block or protein
    amino acids
  44. connection of amino acids
    peptide bonds
  45. make it so you need less energy to start a reaction
    enzymes

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