Geology Test 1

Card Set Information

Author:
rjtorn22
ID:
169987
Filename:
Geology Test 1
Updated:
2012-09-10 01:36:08
Tags:
Mineral Groups Families
Folders:

Description:
Mineral Groups/Families
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user rjtorn22 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Oxides / O-2
    • Hematite (Fe2O3)
    • Magnetite (Fe3O4)
    • -ores of iron used for steel
    • Corundum (Al2O3)
    • -Abrasive, gemstones
    • ICE
  2. Sulfides / S-n (The ore minerals)
    • Galena (PbS)
    • Sphalerite (ZnS)
    • Cinnabar (HgS)
    • Chalcopyrite (CuFeS2)
    • -ores of lead, zinc, mercury, copper
    • Pyrite (FeS2)
    • -Fools Gold (ore of sulfur)
  3. Carbonates / CO3-2
    • Calcite (CaCO3)
    • Dolomite [CaMg(CO3)2]
    • -critical for consturction (cement)
    • -neutralizes acids
  4. Sulfates / SO4-2
    • Anhydrite (CaSO4)
    • Gypsum (CaSO4*H2O)
    • -construction-drywall, plaster
    • -agriculture-soil amendment
  5. Halides / Cl-1 (Strongly Ionic Compunds)
    • Halite (NaCl)
    • -common salt)
    • Sylivite (KCl)
    • -component of soil amendment
    • Fluorite (CaF2)
    • -used in steel production, semiprecious gemstones
    • Bromide (Br-1) Iodine (I-1)
    • -interesting chemical properties/medical uses
  6. Native Elements / No Anions
    • Platiunum (Pt)
    • Gold (Au)
    • Silver (Ag)
    • Copper (Cu)
    • -economic value-electronic industry
    • Diamond and Graphite
    • -gems, inustrial abrasives, dry lubricant
    • Sulfure (S)
    • -pharmaceuticals, industria, and agricultural chemcial
  7. Minerals are... (5 things)
    • 1. Naturally Ocurring
    • 2. Inorganic
    • 3. Solids
    • 4. Have an orderly internal arrangement of atoms
    • 5. A definite chemical composition
  8. Silicates...
    • Make up more than 90% of earth's crust
    • Common structural unit for all silicates (SiO4)-4
    • -Tetrahedron
  9. Olivines (Nesosilicates)
    • Sub-group Silicate
    • BSU: Isolated tetrahedra linked by cations
    • Representive Members
    • -Olivine (Mg,Fe)2SiO4
    • Includes Garnets
    • -A3B2Si3O12
    • Ferromagnesian Silicate
    • Major component of earths upper mantle
    • O:Si Ratio = 4:1
  10. Pyroxenes
    • Sub-group Silicate
    • BSU: Single Strand Chains of tetrahedra
    • Representive Members
    • -Augite (Mg,Fe)SiO3
    • Ferromagnesian Silicate
    • O:Si Ratio = 3:1
  11. Ring (Cyclosilicates)
    • Sub-group Silicate
    • BSU: Linked rings of tetrahedra
    • Representive Memeber
    • -Beryl (Be3Al2Si6O18)
    • Other important member
    • -Tourmaline
    • O:Si Ratio = 3:1
  12. Amphiboles
    • Sub-group Silicate
    • BSU: Double Strand chains of tetrahedral
    • Representive Member
    • -Horneblende (Ca2(Mg,Fe)5Si8O22(OH)2
    • Ferromagnesian Silicate
    • O:Si Ratio = 2.75:1
  13. Micas (Phyllosilicates)
    • Sub-group Silicate
    • BSU: Sheet of tetrahedral
    • Representative Memeber
    • -Biotite (K(Mg,Fe)3(AlSi3)O10(OH)2
    • Ferromagnesian Silicate
    • Other important member
    • -Muscovite
    • O:(Si+Al) Ratio = 2.5:1
  14. Clay Minerals (Phyllosillicates)
    • Sub-group Silicate
    • BSU: 2 dimensional sheets of SiO4 tetrahedra with inter-layers of cations, and/or water moleules
    • Representive Member
    • -Kaolinite
    • 2:1
  15. Network Silicates (Tectosilicates)
    • Sub-group Silicate
    • BSU: 3 dimensional array or network of linked tetraheral
    • Representative Member
    • -Quarts (SiO2)
    • Other Important member
    • Feldspars
    • O:Si Ratio = 2:1

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview