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What is the Great Migration?
when the Puritan non-seperatists left New England to form their own colony, Massachusetts Bay Colony
What is the Virginia Company?
the British charter to allow colonies, gave settlers the same rights as overseas
What is the Church of England (Anglican Church)?
the church that separated from the Roman Catholics (by King Henry VIII)
the process to become part of the Puritan Congregational Church
What was the flaw in Massachusetts Bay Colony's democracy?
only men apart of the Congregational Church could be leaders
Who were three people/groups kicked out of Massachusetts Bay Colony?
- 1. Anne Hutchinson
- 2. Roger Williams (formed Rhode Island)
- 3. William Penn/Quakers (formed Pennsylvania)
Why was the Halfway Covenant created?
so non-converted Puritans could still be members of the Congregational Church (fear of "extinction")
What are the Fundamental Orders? (1639)
the "first constitution" (Connecticut) which said the power of the government is derived from its people
What is the New England Confederation? (1643)
formed by the colonies for protection against Native American threat
What is the Dominion of New England? (1686)
King James II's attempt at bringing colonies under stricter royal control
What are the Navigation Laws?
restricted trade with countries other than England
What is unique about the Middle Colonies?
they are the most diverse
What is William Penn's "Holy Experiment"?
being accepting of all
What is the headright system?
if you pay for the passage of one indentured servant, you get 50 acres of land
Which colony was for Catholics?
Maryland (formed by Lord Baltimore)
What was Georgia's purpose?
- to hold overflow debtors from London jails
- to act as a buffer between Spanish Florida and South Carolina
(formed by James Oglethorpe)
What were two revolts against Native Americans in the colonial era?
- Bacon's Rebellion
- Pontiac's Rebellion
the separation of social classes
Who was the Triangular Trade between and who sent what where?
- New England: sent manufactured goods to the Caribbean Islands
- Caribbean Islands: sent rum to Africa
- Africa: sent slaves to NE
What were the 3 big impacts of the Great Awakening?
- 1. 1st united cause/experience
- 2. new faiths
- 3. new/more education
What are the 3 big results of the French and Indian War?
- 1. French removed
- 2. Britain becomes dominant colonial power
- 3. statutory neglect ends
What did the Proclamation of 1763 do?
limit westward expansion
raises tax of sweets (higher than Molasses Act)
allows British soldiers to room and board in colonists' homes
DIRECT tax on paper goods; last straw of colonists
harsh tax on some imports
+writs of assistance: soldiers can search homes for smuggled goods
What are the Coercive Acts and Quebec Acts also known as?
What did the First Continental Congress want?
- of colonists:
- 1. to build up armies and organize boycotts
- of Britain:
- 1. the repeal of the Intolerable Acts
- 2. for the king to recognize their Declaration of Rights
-Parliament denied demands
What was the purpose of the Second Continental Congress?
(last chance) to avoid war- Olive Branch Petition
What are the major battles of the Revolutionary War and who won?
- Lexington&Concord: Continental Army (start of war)
- Bunker Hill: British Army (but they suffered heavy casualties)
- Saratoga: Continental Army (French join after)
- Yorktown: Continental Army (end of war! Treaty of Paris follows)
What could the US do under the Articles of Confederation?
- 1. pass laws with 9/13 colonies approval
- 2. amend laws with 13/13
- 3. wage war
- 4. make treaties
- 5. borrow $ to pay debts
What were the two successes of the Articles of Confederation?
- 1. Land Ordinance (set aside land for schools)
- 2. NW Ordinance (established guidelines for statehood and banned slavery above Ohio River)
What was the result of Shay's Rebellion?
the end of the Articles of Confederation
Even though Britain promised to respect the U.S.'s new sovereignty, what were 3 things they did that showed otherwise?
- 1. refused to repeal Navigation Acts
- 2. armed Native Americans in west
- 3. didn't remove troops along Mississippi River
What is the Virginia Plan? What is the New Jersey Plan? What did the Great Compromise do to combine the two?
- Virginia Plan: representation based on population
- New Jersey Plan: equal representation
- Great Compromise: House of Representatives= population; Senate= equal
What is the difference between Federalists and Non-Federalists?
- Federalists: in favor of Constitution and strong central government
- Anti-Federalists: against of Constitution and strong central government
What is funding at par?
paying all debts at face value + interest
What did the 13th Amendment do?
What does the 15th Amendment do?
What does the 18th Amendment do?
prohibition of alcohol (repealed by 21st Amendment)
What does the 19th Amendment do?
What are the Alien and Sedition Acts?
- Alien: moved citizenship from 5 to 14 years
- Sedition: prohibited talk about President/Congress members
Missouri Compromise (1820): who and what?
- Henry Clay
- admitted Missouri as slave state and Maine as free
- 36˚30' line
What is the Monroe Doctrine?
- nonintervention with Latin America
- wanted end to European colonization
What was the Know-Nothing Party's main dislike?