Psych Vocab 1

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jolszak
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170108
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Psych Vocab 1
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2012-09-10 20:31:36
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psych vocab
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Unit 1 vocab for psych
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  1. The study of psychological issues that have direct practical significance and the application f psychological findings
    Applied Psychology
  2. The study of psycological issues in order to seek knowledge for its own sake rather than for its practical application
    Basic Psychology
  3. A subdivision of the learning perspective which focuses on the environmental rewards and punishers that maintain of discourage specific behaviors
    Behaviorists
  4. A psycological approach that emphasizes bodily events and changes associated with actions, feelings, and thoughts
    Biological Perspective
  5. This man's theory of evolution influenced many psychologists, when he asked that functions of behavior can be explained in survival terms
    Charles Darwin
  6. The psycological specialist who is licensed to diagnose, treat, and study mental or emotional problems and disabilities
    Clinical Psycologist
  7. A psycological approach that emphasizes mental processes in perception, memory, language, problem solving, and other areas of behavior
    Cognitive Perspective
  8. The psychologist specialists who generally help normal people deal with problems of everyday life; ie. test anxiety, family and marital problems, etc
    Counseling Psychologist
  9. The ability and willingness to assess claims, to make judgements on the basis of well supported reasons and evidence, rather than emotion or anecdote
    Critical Thinking
  10. A psychologist specialist which examine how cultural rules and values-both explicit and unspoken- affect peoples development, behavior, and feelings
    Cultural Psychologist
  11. A psycological specialist who studies how people change and grow over time, physically, mentally, and socially
    Developmental Psychologist
  12. The Psychologist specialist who studies psycological principles that explain learning and ways to improve learning
    Educational Psychologist
  13. Evidence gathered by careful observation, experimentation, and measurement, and which is checkable.
    Empirical
  14. An approach to psychology which uses are species' evolutionary path to help explain our present behaviors and psychological traits
    Evolutionary Psychology
  15. The psycological specialist who conducts laboratory studies in all areas of psychology and cognition
    Experimental Psychologist
  16. A psycological approach that analyzes the influence of social inequities on gender relations and on the behavior of the 2 sexes
    Feminist Psychology
  17. An early psychological approach that emphasized the function or purpose of behavior and conciousness
    Functionalism
  18. A psycological approach that emphasizes free will, personal growth, resilience, and the achievement of human potential
    Humanist psychology
  19. a psycological specialist who studies behavior in the workplace.
    Industrial/organizational Psychologist
  20. A psycological approach that emphasizes how the environment and experience affect a person's or animal's actions; it includes behaviorism and social cognitive learning theories
    Learning Perspective
  21. A critical thinking principle where one chooses the explanation that accounts for the most evidence while making the fewest unverified assumptions
    Occam's Razor
  22. The now discredited theory that different brain areas account for specific character and personality traits, which can be "read"      from bumps on the skull
    Phrenology
  23. A contemporary research specialty in modern psychology which focuses on the qualities that enable people to be happy, optimistic, and resilient in times of stress.
    Positive Psychology
  24. A M.D. who specializes in mental disorders, maladjustments, and abnormal behavior
    Psychiatrist
  25. A theory of personality and a method of psychotherapy, originally formulated by Sigmund Freud, that emphasizes unconscious motives and conflicts
    Psychoanalysis
  26. A person trained specifically in the theories and techniques of Sigmund Freud, and who has undergone their own psychoanalysis
    Psychoanalyst
  27. Any pseudoscience and quackery that is covered by a veneer of psycological language
    "Psychobabble"
  28. A psycological approach that emphasizes unconscious dynamics within the individual--such as inner forces, conflicts, or the movement of instinctual energy
    Psychodynamic Perspective
  29. The area of psycological work which provides health or mental health services
    psycological practice
  30. The (Scientific) discipline concerned with behavior and mental processes and how they are affected by an organisms physical state, mental state, and the external enviromnent
    Psychology
  31. A psycological specialist who designs and evaluates tests of mental abilities, aptitudes, interests, and personality
    Psychometric Psychologist
  32. Anyone who does any kind of psycological therapy
    Psychotherapist
  33. The psychologist whose work is with parents, teachers, and students who enhance students' performance and emotional development
    School Psychologist
  34. His book "The Interpretation of Dreams" began the psychoanalytic movement in Vienna.  He was the champion of the unconscious and its influence in determining human behavior
    Sigmund Freud
  35. Explain learning by adaptation of behavior to the enviromnent, and also by imitation of others and by thinking about the events happening around them
    Social-Cognitive Learning Theorists
  36. The psycological specialists who focus on social rules and roles, how groups affect attitudes and behaviors, and the how the social context influence individuals and vice versa
    Social Psychologist
  37. A psycological approach that emphasizes social and cultural infliences on behavior
    Sociocultural Perspective
  38. An early psycological approach that emphasized the analysis of immediate experience into basic elements using the method of introspection
    Structuralism
  39. He is given the title of the "founding father" of psychology because his psychology laboratory was the first to attempt a scientific study of the field
    Wilhelm Wundtt
  40. A founder of the functionalist school of psychology, this man helped broaden the field of psychology's study and methodology
    William James

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