Medical Terminology U3

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migratorycoconut
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Medical Terminology U3
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2012-09-12 16:52:34
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medical terminology chapter3 Allen MATC MadisonCollege
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study of terms in chapter 3 of medical language by Allan and Lockyer second edition for MATC Madison College medical terminology class
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  1. Greek: point
    acne
  2. hormone that promotes masculine characteristics
    androgen
  3. whitehead or blackhead caused by too much sebum and too many keratin cells blocking the hair follicle
    • comedo
    • comedones (pl)
  4. inflammatory disease of sebaceous glands and hair follicles
    acne
  5. an abnormal fluid containing sac 
    cyst
  6. relating to a cyst
    cystic
  7. seborrheic scales from the scalp
    dandruff
  8. small, circumscribed elevation on the skin
    papule
  9. small protuberance on the skin that contains pus
    pustule
  10. break or tear of any organ or body part
    rupture
  11. waxy secretion of the sebaceous glands
    sebum
  12. excessive amount of sebum
    • seborrhhea
    • seborrheic (adj)
  13. -gen
    to produce
  14. andr-
    male
  15. Latin: eat up
    comedo
  16. Greek: sac or bladder
    cyst
  17. Old English: scurf (scales)
    dandruff
  18. Latin: pimple
    papule
  19. Latin: break
    rupture
  20. Latin: wax
    sebum
  21. -rrhea
    flow
  22. seb-
    sebum
  23. inflammed sebaceous glands causing reddened face or scalp with yellow, greasy scales 
    • seborrheic dermatitis
    • cradle cap
    • dandruff
  24. genetic disorder that results in lack of melanin
    albinism
  25. partial or complete loss of hair either naturally or from medication
    alopecia
  26. medical name for the armpit
    axilla
  27. outer portion of an organ, such as bone. also the gray covering of the cerebral hemispheres
    • cortex
    • cortical (adj)
    • cortices (pl)
  28. nonliving epidermis at the base of the fingernails and toenails, and the outer layer of hair
    cuticle
  29. central portion of a strucutre surrounded by cortex
    • medulla
    • medullary (adj)
  30. black pigment found in skin, hair, retina
    melanin
  31. dark form of the pigment melanin
    eumelanin
  32. lighter from of  melanin
    pheomelanin
  33. -ism
    condition
  34. albin-
    white
  35. Greek: mange
    alopecia
  36. Greek: region under bird's wing
    axilla
  37. Latin: outer covering
    cortex
  38. diminutive of "cutis" (skin)
    cuticle
  39. French: middle
    medulla
  40. Greek: black
    melanin
  41. sweat glands that open into the hair follicle and produce a smell
    apocrine
  42. waxy secretion of the ceruminous glands of the external ear
    cerumen
  43. coiled sweat gland that occurs in skin all over the body
    • eccrine
    • merocrine
  44. decrease below normal levels of oxygen tissues, gases, or blood
    hypoxia
  45. deficient in oxygen
    hypoxic
  46. inadequate nutrition from poor diet or inadequate absorption of nutrients
    malnutrition
  47. substance that surrounds cells, is manufactured by the cells, and holds them together
    matrix
  48. condition of a fungus infection in the nail
    onychomycosis
  49. infection alongside the nail
    paronychia
  50. substance that carries and generates a physical attraction for other people
    pheromone
  51. apo-
    different from
  52. -crine
    secrete
  53. Latin: wax
    • cerumen
    • sebum
  54. Greek: to secrete
    eccrine
  55. -ia
    condition
  56. hyp-
    below
  57. -ox-
    oxygen
  58. mal-
    • bad
    • inadequate
  59. Latin: womb
    matrix
  60. mero-
    partial
  61. onych-
    nail
  62. -myc-
    fungus
  63. para-
    alongside
  64. pher-
    carrying
  65. -omone
    • excite
    • stimulate
  66. glands found in external ear canal where secretions combine with sebum and dead epidermal cells to form earwax
    ceruminous glands
  67. skin graft from another person or cadaver
    2 terms
    • allograft
    • homograft
  68. a graft using intact tissue taken from the individual who is receiving the graft
    autograft
  69. removal of injured or necrotic tissue
    debridement
  70. excessive collection of fluid in cells and tissues
    • edema
    • edematous (adj)
  71. burned, dead tissue lying on top of third degree burns
    eschar
  72. reconstitution of a lost part
    • regenerate
    • regeneration (noun)
  73. sudden physical or mental collapse or circulatory collapse
    shock
  74. a graft from another species
    2 terms
    • xenopgraft
    • heterograft
  75. allo-
    other
  76. -graft
    transplant
  77. homo-
    same, alike
  78. auto-
    self
  79. -ment
    resulting state
  80. de-
    take away
  81. -bride-
    rubbish
  82. Greek: swelling
    edema
  83. Greek: scab of a burn
    eschar
  84. -ate
    composed of, pertaining to
  85. re-
    again
  86. -gener-
    produce
  87. German: to clash
    shock
  88. xeno-
    foreign
  89. hetero-
    different
  90. area of skin or mucous membrane that has been scraped off
    abrasion
  91. the mass of fibrin and cells that is produced in a wound
    clot
  92. stringy protein fiber that is a component of a blood clot
    fibrin
  93. tissue containing fibroblasts and fibers
    fibrous
  94. new fibrous tissue formed during wound healing
    granulation
  95. a cut or surgical wound
    incision
  96. raised, irregular, lumpy, shiny scar due to excessive collagen fiber production during healing of a wound
    keloid
  97. a tear of the skin
    laceration
  98. intense, narrow beam of monochromatic light
    laser
  99. large white blood cell that removes bacteria, foreign particles, and dead cells
    macrophage
  100. cell fragment involved in clotting process
    • platelet
    • thrombocyte
  101. crust that forms when a wound heals
    scab
  102. fibrotic seam that forms when a wound heals
    scar
  103. stitch to hold the edges of a wound together
    suture
  104. any injury that interrupts the continuity of skin or a mucous membrane
    wound
  105. Latin: to scrape
    abrasion
  106. German: to block
    clot
  107. Latin: fiber
    fibrin
  108. -ation
    process
  109. granul- 
    small grain
  110. -ion
    • action
    • condition
  111. incis-
    cut into
  112. Greek: stain
    keloid
  113. lacer-
    to tear
  114. Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation
    LASER (beams, in a Dr. Evil voice, of course)
  115. macro-
    large
  116. -phage
    to eat
  117. Greek: small plate
    platelet
  118. Old English: crust
    scab
  119. Greek: scab
    scar
  120. Latin: seam
    suture
  121. removal of tissue from a living person for laboratory examination
    biopsy
  122. used for small tumors when complete removal provides tissue for a biopsy and cures the lesion
    • biopsy removal
    • excisional biopsy
  123. malignant and invasive epithelial tumor
    carcinoma
  124. use of liquid nitrogen or argon gas in a probe to freeze and kill abnormal tissue
    cryosurgery
  125. pertaining to the skin
    cutaneous
  126. connective tissue layer of the skin beneath the epidermis
    • dermis
    • dermal (adj)
  127. medical specialty concerned with disorders of the skin
    dermatology
  128. top layer of the skin
    epidermis
  129. tissue that covers surfaces or lines cavities
    • epithelium
    • epithelial (adj)
  130. organ system that covers the body, the skin being the main organfwithin the system
    • integument
    • integumentary (adj)
  131. pathological change or injury in a tissue
    lesion
  132. instrument for viewing something too small to be seen with the naked eye
    • microscope
    • microscopic
  133. medical specialty dealing with the structural and functional changes of a disease process or the cause, development, and structural changes in disease
    • pathology
    • pathological
  134. forecasting of the probable course of a disease
    prognosis
  135. flat, scalelike epithelial cell
    squamous cell
  136. bi-
    life
  137. -oma
    • tumor
    • mass
  138. carcin-
    cancer
  139. -ery
    process of
  140. cry-
    icy, cold
  141. -surg-
    operate
  142. cutan-
    skin
  143. Greek: skin
    dermis
  144. dermat-
    skin
  145. epi-
    upon
  146. -dermis
    skin
  147. -um
    tissue
  148. thel-
    nipple
  149. Latin: a covering
    integument
  150. -ary
    pertaining to
  151. Latin: injury
    lesion
  152. path-
    disease
  153. pro-
    projecting forward
  154. -gnosis
    knowledge
  155. Latin: scaly
    squamous
  156. to pass out of the body waste products of metabolism
    • excrete
    • excretion (noun)
  157. the ability of an organ or tissue to perform its work
    function
  158. defense against attack or invasion
    • protection
    • protect (verb)
  159. control of the way in which a process progreses
    • regulation
    • regulate (verb)
  160. ability of an organism to withstand the effects of an antogonistic agent
    • resistance
    • resist (verb)
  161. to produce a chemical substance in a cell and release it from the cell
    • secrete
    • secretion (noun)
  162. the concious feeling of the effects of a stimulation
    • sensation
    • sense (verb)
  163. the process of building a compound from different elements
    • synthesis
    • synthesize (verb)
  164. Latin: remove
    excrete
  165. Latin: to perform
    function
  166. -tect-
    to shelter
  167. regul-
    to rule
  168. -ance
    state of
  169. resist-
    to withstand
  170. sens-
    to feel
  171. syn-
    together
  172. -thesis
    to arrange
  173. protein found in the dead outer layer of the skin, nails, and hair
    keratin
  174. cell that produces keratin
    keratinocyte
  175. Name in order, from to outside in, the 5 layers of the epidermis
    • stratum corneum
    • stratum lucidium
    • stratum granulosum
    • stratum spinosum
    • stratum basale
  176. small flat spot or patch on skin
    • macule
    • macular (adj)
  177. tumor that invades surrounding tissues and metastasizes to distant organs
    malignant
  178. black pigment found in hair, skin, and retina
    melanin
  179. cell that synthesizes melanin
    melanocyte
  180. malignant neoplasm formed from cells that produce melanin
    melanoma
  181. spread of a disease from one part of the body to another
    • metastasis
    • metastasize (verb)
    • metastatic (adj)
  182. glands in the dermis that open into hair follicles and secrete an oily substance called sebum
    sebaceous glands
  183. waxy secretion of sebaceous glands
    sebum
  184. deepest layer of the epidermis, from which other cells originate and migrate
    stratum basale
  185. relating to touch
    tactile
  186. Latin: spot
    macule
  187. malign-
    harmful
  188. Greek: black
    melanin
  189. meta-
    beyond
  190. -stasis
    • stagnant
    • stay in one place
  191. -ize
    affect in a specific way
  192. -stat-
    stationary
  193. basal
    deepest part
  194. Latin: to touch
    tactile
  195. containing fat
    adipose
  196. major protein of connective tissue, cartilage, and bone
    collagen
  197. spherical mass of cells containing a cavity of small cul-de-sac, such as a hair follicle
    follicle
  198. tissue layer below the dermis
    • hypodermis
    • hypodermic (adj)
    • subcutaneous (adj)
  199. within the dermis
    intradermal
  200. within the muscle
    intramuscular
  201. any small projection
    • papilla
    • papillae (pl)
  202. benign projection of epithelial cells
    papilloma
  203. a membrane that allows only certain substances to pass through it
    semipermeable membrane
  204. below the skin
    • subcutaneous
    • hypodermic
  205. going across or through the skin
    transdermal
  206. small, itchy swellings of the skin (small swelling from injection does not itch)
    • wheal
    • hives
  207. adip-
    fat
  208. coll-
    glue
  209. Latin: small sac
    follicle
  210. intra-
    within
  211. -muscul-
    muscle
  212. Latin: small pimple
    papilla
  213. papill-
    pimple
  214. semi-
    half
  215. -perm-
    pass through
  216. membrane
    • cover
    • skin
  217. sub-
    below
  218. -cutan
    skin
  219. trans-
    • across
    • through
  220. substance producing a hypersensitivity reaction
    • allergen
    • allergenic (adj)
    • allergy
    • allergic (adj)
  221. state of hypersensitivity to an allergen
    • atopy
    • atopic (adj)
  222. atopic dermatitis
    allergic reaction manifesting in skin
  223. sore caused by lying down for long periods of time
    decubitis ulcer
  224. inflammation of the skin
    dermatitis
  225. inflammatory skin disease often with a serous discharge
    eczema
  226. to scratch
    excoriate
  227. scratch marks
    excoriation
  228. product of rubber plants used in gloves for patient care
    latex
  229. benign localized area of melanin producing cells
    mole
  230. congenital or acquired lesion of the skin
    • nevus
    • nevi (pl)
  231. itching
    • pruritis
    • pruritic (adj)
  232. thicker and less transparent than water
    serous
  233. small sac containing liquid, such as a blister
    vesicle
  234. aller-
     allergy
  235. Greek: strangeness
    atopy
  236. de-
    from
  237. -cubitus
    lying down
  238. ulcer
    sore
  239. Greek: to boil or ferment
    eczema
  240. ex-
    away from
  241. -cori-
    skin
  242. Latin: liquid
    latex
  243. Latin: spot
    mole
  244. Latin: birthmark
    nevus
  245. Latin: to itch
    pruritus
  246. Latin: serum
    serous
  247. Latin: small sac
    vesicle
  248. Candida
    yeastlike fungus
  249. infection with Candida albicans
    candidiasis thrush
  250. infection of many furuncles in a small area, often the back of the neck
    carbuncle
  251. infection of subcutaneous connective tissue
    cellulitis
  252. an infected hair follicle that spreads into the tissues around the follicle
    furuncle
  253. painful eruption of vesicles that follows a dermatone or nerve root on one side of the body
    • herpes zoster
    • shingles
  254. infection of the skin producing thick, yellow crusts
    impetigo
  255. invasion of the body by disease producing microorganisms
    infection
  256. act of being invaded on the skin by a troublesome species
    infestation
  257. parasitic insect
    • louse
    • lice (pl)
  258. inflammation of fascia, producing death of the tissue
    necrotizing fasciitis
  259. organism that attaches itself to and derives its nutrition from another species
    parasite
  260. infestation with lice
    pediculosis
  261. skin disease produced by mites
    scabies
  262. general term for roup of related skin infections caused by different species of fungi
    tinea
  263. wart caused by a virus
    verruca
  264. pedicul-
    louse
  265. Latin: to scratch
    scabies
  266. Latin: worm
    tinea
  267. Latin: wart
    verruca
  268. substance that takes away feeling or pain
    • anesthetic
    • anasthesia (state of loss of feeling)
  269. medication against itching
    anitpruritic
  270. hormone produced by adrenal cortex
    corticosteroid
  271. inflammation of the skin and muscles, sometimes seen prior to ovarian cancer onset
    dermatomyositis
  272. science of the preparation, uses, and effects of drugs
    pharmacology
  273. rash characterized by reddish skin and silver scaled patches
    psoriasis
  274. class of keratolytic agents
    retinoid
  275. persistent erythematous rash of central face
    rosacea
  276. thickening and hardening of skin due to new collagen formation
    scleroderma
  277. physical evidence of a disease process
    sign
  278. departure from normal health experienced by patient
    symptom
  279. inflammatory connective tissue disease affecting whole body
    systemic lupus erythematosus
  280. medicatio applied  to the skin to obtain a local effect
    topical
  281. nonpigmented white patches on otherwise normal skin
    vitiligo

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