Animal Reproduction

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Author:
bestes27
ID:
170267
Filename:
Animal Reproduction
Updated:
2012-09-12 00:30:01
Tags:
Animal Reproduction
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Description:
Small Animal Medicine II
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  1. Male chromosomes are __?
    XY
  2. Female chromosomes are __?
    XX
  3. What is the tubular system for the male that includes the epididymus and the vas deferens?
    WOLFIAN
  4. When the uterine tubes, uterus, cervix, and anterior vagina form the ___ tubular system.
    MULLERIAN
  5. ___ ---> Hypothalamus (GnRH Release) ---> Anterior Pituitary (Gonadotropins, FSH, LH Release)
    Higher Brain Centers
  6. Higher Brain Centers ---> ___ ---> Anterior Pituitary
    Hypothalamus
  7. Higher Brain Centers ---> Hypothalamus ---> ___
    Anterior Pituitary
  8. Litter bearing animals have an ___ instead of just a uterus.
    Uterine Horn
  9. What is the Estrous Cycle?
    Sequence of events in the female reporductive cycle.
  10. What is Estrus?
    Phase of Estrous Cycle.
  11. What is Estrous?
    Describes the whole phase that happens during that cycle.
  12. What are the three parts to the Estrous cycle?
    Proestrus, Estrus, Diestrus
  13. What is it called when the reproductive system is dormat (not doing anything)?
    Anestrus
  14. Which phase is when the female allows the mating?
    Estrus
  15. If the pregnancy is succesful, which phase establishes pregnancy and keeps it maintained?
    Diestrus
  16. List the 5 hormones of the Estrous cycle.
    • 1. GnRH
    • 2. FSH
    • 3. Estrogen
    • 4. Inhibin
    • 5. LH
  17. GnRH
    1.Origination point?
    2.Destination point?
    3.Function?
    • 1.Hypothalmus
    • 2. Anterior Pituitary
    • 3. Makes anterior pituitary release FSH or LH. (Depends on which phase).
  18. FSH
    1. Origination point?
    2. Destination point?
    3. Function?
    • 1. Anterior Pituitary
    • 2. Ovaries
    • 3. Stimulates follicles to develope
  19. What are the eggs in the follicles called?
    Oocytes
  20. When the follicles start to develope the fluid is called ___?
    Antrum
  21. What does the growing follicles release?
    Estrogen
  22. What is Estrogen responsible for?
    Characteristic sexual behaviors and sexual receptivity
  23. ESTROGEN
    1. Orgination point?
    2. Destination point?
    3. Function?
    • 1. Follicles
    • 2. Hypothalmus
    • 3. Cause sexual characteristics and triggers GnRH to releas LH
  24. INHIBIN
    1. Origination point?
    2. Destination point?
    3. Function?
    • 1. Follicles
    • 2. Anterior Pituitary
    • 3. Inhibits further release of FSH
  25. LH
    1. Origination point?
    2. Destination point?
    3. Function?
    • 1. Anterior Pituitary
    • 2. Ovaries
    • 3. Causes mature follicles to ovulate
  26. Where does pregnancy begin?
    Oviduct
  27. What are the three parts of the oviduct?
    • 1. Infundibulum
    • 2. Ampulla
    • 3. Isthmus
  28. What is the site of fertilization?
    Ampulla Isthmus Conjunction
  29. The ___ stays in oviduct for several days prior to migration to uterus.
    Embryo
  30. ___ ___ or yellow bodies produce progesterone.
    Corpus Luteum
  31. The___ (hormone) is released from uterus.
    Prostaglandin
  32. The prostaglandin binds to ___ ___ and lyses it.
    Corpus Luteum.
  33. Progesterone levels will __ due to destruction of CL.
    Fall
  34. Since progersterone is not present __ will rise.
    FSH

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