Card Set Information
How many different types of aggression exisit?
What is a dogs aggression usually directed at?
Which type of dog shows the most aggression?
Why kind of people are usually bit?
its the #1 kid health problem
What is some advice we can give parents to help prevent their child from being bit?
teach children how to act around dogs
don't approach an unfamiliar dog
don't run from a dog or scream
if knocked over, roll into a ball or be still like a log
avoid direct eye contact
Should you pet a dog without letting it sniff you first?
How should you pet an unfamiliar dog?
below its head
putting your hand above a dogs head to pet it shows dominance and the dog may react
Where do most dog bites occur?
near the home
What leads a dog to bite?
quality of ownership
What kind of economic costs do people have with a dog bite?
pain and suffering
lost work time
homeowners insurance may be withheld for people who have a dog that bites others
What are the different types of aggression?
What is very important when getting a history about aggression?
who, what, when, where, how
When is euthanasia likely to occur with aggression?
responds aggressively to benign dominance challenges
weighs > 18.2 kg
dog was purchased (owner feels like they bought the right to make the decision)
At what age are intact males more likely to be dominance aggressive?
18 - 24 months
What are some common things that happen before a dog bites?
sudden, unprovoked attack
stares at owner
guards food, sleeping area
demands to be petted/let outside
food related aggression seen
more aggressive if punished
blocks movement of family
resists submissive postures
glassy-eyed during attack
What is the number one breed that is aggressive?
What are some treatments for aggression?
avoid aggressive situations
owner gradually dominates dog (obedience training, halter)
prevent dominant behavior
low protein diet
Why does a lowering a protein diet help with aggression and what needs to be added to the diet?
dogs usually get more protein than they need from their food which causes chemicals to be released that could make them aggressive
trytophan - amino acid that has a calming effect
When is the prognosis poor for treating aggression?
if there is no change after 6 - 8 weeks of trying to fix aggression
dog with multiple attacks
hi risk family members
What is fear induced aggression usually in response to?
Is fear induced aggression seen in males or females, or both?
What kind of postures of the dog do we see with fear induced aggression?
What will the dog usually do before fear biting?
attempt to escape
Fear induced aggression is self reinforcing. What does this mean?
The person the aggression is directed at will usually back away which is exactly what the dog wants the person to do so that is its reward
What usually causes fear induced aggression?
What is the first thing we need to do when trying to treat fear induced aggression?
When do we reward a dog who is fear aggressive?
when the dog is able to tolerate the scare
What are the three ways to treat fear induced aggression?
Will anti-anxiety drugs by themselves a treatment for fear induced aggression?
When can we use desensitization and counter conditioning to treat fear induced aggression?
when we can identify the specific stimulus and break it down
What is predatory aggression usually directed at?
animals and people
Do we know when a dog has predatory aggression?
we don't, they attack with no warning signs at all
Fatal attacks are often _____ aggression.
What usually happens to dogs with predatory aggression?
often euthanized because of liability issues
How can we prevent predatory aggression?
socialization between 4 - 14 weeks of age
How can we treat predatory aggression?
socialize (muzzle while doing this)
remote punishment (example - shock collar)
There is an increased risk of infant aggression if we see...
aggression towards kids
aggression towards adults
How can we prevent infant aggression before the baby arrives?
change dog to new schedule
allow dog to visit and explore nursery
expose dog to baby's diapers after baby is born and before it comes home
don't leave dog alone with the baby
How do we prevent infant aggression after baby is born?
don't isolate the baby from the dog
don't dangle the baby in front of the dogs face because the dog may see the baby as a toy and not a person
What dogs usually exhibit play aggression?
puppies and young dogs
How does play aggression start?
starts as play and then escalates
What are some signs of play aggression?
plays rough and growls
uses teeth to grab hands and legs
How do we correct play aggression?
give negative mark immediately after aggressive playing
stop all rough play
When do we first see territorial aggression?
in young adults
What is territorial aggression directed towards?
dogs or people (especially in uniform)
Is the owner usually present during territorial aggression?
Does territorial aggression have a good prognosis?
What are ways we can treat territorial aggression?
muzzle or confine
introduce to strangers
What is the jolly routine?
part of counter conditioning to treat territorial aggression
getting the dog really excited to distract it from being aggressive
Where do we often see pain induced aggression?
in the vet hospital and during dog fights (fight increases due to pain)
What is the common reason why kids get bit by dogs?
pain induced aggression
What age dog do we see more pain induced aggression?
How can we treat pain induced aggression?
treat cause of pain
avoid escalating the pain
use drugs to relieve pain
use proper restraint
avoid physical punishment
Who is maternal aggression directed at?
people, animals, their own puppies
Maternal aggression can be seen in _____ and _____ pardum.
Can we see maternal aggression in false pregnancies?
What does the mother guard during maternal aggression?
toys and puppies
Can maternal aggression be genetic?
How can we prevent maternal aggression?
avoid too much aggression
minimize visitors early on
isolate whelping box
reward good behavior
What is learned aggression?
attack trained by someone (police dogs)
Should we treat learned aggression?
How can learned aggression be dangerous?
may break training and go after the wrong person
How do we prevent anything going bad with learned aggression?
don't leave alone with family at home
muzzle before coming into the vet clinic or home
What are some different types of medically related aggressions?
Which medically related aggression is the most common?
What is idiosyncratic medically related aggression?
unsure of the cause
sudden, unprovoked, rage
can be very dangerous
What age do we usually see idiosyncratic aggression?
1 - 3 years old
Is idiosyncratic aggression easy to predict?
no it is very hard to predict
What part of the body is idiosyncratic usually directed at?
What is usually the treatment for idiosyncratic aggression?
What is irritable aggression?
the dog is uncomfortable and painful
What are some causes of irritable aggression?
Who is irritable aggression often directed at?
How can we treat irritable aggression?
train kids to respect the dog
Is aggression due to hypothyroidism common?
What breed of dog is usually aggressive due to hypothyroidism?
What is hydrocephalus and what causes aggression?
increased fluid in the brain
fluid pushes on brain and causes aggression
What type of animal do we typically see rabies aggression?
What is redirected aggression?
dog is yelled at, punished, or thwarted in other aggression
the dog then attacks the nearest human/animal uninvolved
How can we treat redirected aggression?
avoiding the scenerio
How can we prevent intermale aggression?
What is usually the cause of intermale aggression?
What is usually the cause of interfemale aggression?
going into heat
Besides intermale and interfemale aggression what is the other cause of interdog aggression?
competitiveness - break down of hierarchy
How can we treat interdog aggression?
keep dogs separate
find one of the dogs a new home
medications may help with the aggressor dog