Lived in China during the Warring States period and sought to restore order to China.
A strong-willed man, who often disagreed with the Chinese government.
Left province of Lu in search of a chance at promotion, traveled for 10 years, and returned fruitless and died five years later.
An educator and a political adviser.
Students recorded his teaching in the Analects, which has had a large impact on Chinese government and culture.
Thought the best way to promote good government is to hire people who were well educated and conscientious.
Focused on formation of Junzi which looked at public affairs from many different angles and with unclouded judgment and were able to bring order and stability to society.
- Thought Junzi possessed personal qualities such as:
- -Ren: courteous, respectfulness, diligentce, loyalty
- -Li: a sense of propriety, traditionally appropriate behavior
- -Xiao: filial piety, respect by children for parents and other elders
Thought learning was important, but also stressed importance of moral integrity and fair judgment.