Lab

Card Set Information

Author:
mattnjaneal
ID:
170489
Filename:
Lab
Updated:
2012-09-12 16:46:23
Tags:
Infection control
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Description:
Evie lab infection control and hand washing
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  1. pathogen
    a disease producing microorganism
  2. infection
    diseased state caused by the microorganisms in the body
  3. inflammation
    local tissue injury caused by the micro organisms
  4. micro-organisms
    virus, bacteria, parasite, fungi
  5. host
    person who receives the microbes
  6. resident flora
    normal micro-organisms that live in and outside the human body
  7. transient flora
    picked up by the nurse directly or indirectly
  8. colonization
    micro-organisms are present in the host but does not produce a diseased state
  9. disinfection
    process of destroying all pathogenic organisms (not spores)
  10. sterilization
    process of destroying all pathogens through the use of gas, chemicals, heat, or H20
  11. asepsis
    absence of disease producing micro-organisms
  12. HAI
    Hospital acquired infection
  13. standard precaution
    assume that every bodily fluid, including your own is infected.  includes: hand hygiene before, after, and between patients; use s & W if visibly soiled; wear protection when needed; dispose properly; hygiene; isolate when necessary; etc.  p.414
  14. clean
    take a shower, or wash; doesn't mean they are free of micro-organisms
  15. contaminated
    dirty
  16. sterile
    free of all micro-organisms
  17. CDC
    center for disease control; controlling, preventing, and educate the populous; sets up guidelines
  18. OSHA
    Occupational Safety and Health administration; protect health care workers with specific guidelines; for example: finger stick with needle... squeeze the blood out and then wash
  19. TB
    turberculosis; is a bacterial infection caused by a germ called Mycobacterium tuberculosis.  The bacteria usually attack the lungs, but they can also damage other parts of the body.  TB spreads through the air when a person with TB of the lungs or throat coughs, sneezes, or talks.  It is airborne.  More likely to occur when immuno compromised.
  20. N95 mask
    protects from inhaled pathogens; required when caring for TB
  21. hemoptysis
    bloody speutum
  22. immuno compromised
    immune system is weakened.  More likely to get infected.  lowest resistence to infection
  23. Hallmark symptom of TB
    hemoptysis
  24. Hepatitis
    virus of the liver; Your liver helps your body digest food, store energy, and remove poisons.  Hepatitis is a swelling of the liver that makes it stop working well.  It can lead to scarring, called cirrhosis, or to cancer. 
  25. hallmark symptom of hepatitis
    jaundice
  26. jaundice
    yellow discoloration of skin or sclera due to build up of bile in the blood
  27. What is the cause of Hepatitis A?
    oral and fecal contamination
  28. What is the cause of Hepatitis B & C?
    blood borne or sexual secretions

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