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Began in late 18th century/early 19th century and developed the mechanization of clothes, consumer goods, food, crops, etc.
Industrial Revolution brought about what changes to the family?
- 1. Allowed for more time to be spent outside home
- 2. Home became less of a place for production
- 3. Separated men and women
- 4. Money became much more of a necessity for living
- 5. Father's power decreased
- 6. Increased privacy of married couples
The IR caused what changes to the middle class?
- 1. "Separate spheres"
- 2. Discretionary Income
- 3. Privacy Increased
The IR caused what changes to the lower class?
- 1. Separate spheres...sort of
- 2. Meager earnings
- 3. Still had NO privacy
The IR caused what changes to the African-American race?
- 1. No separate spheres
- 2. Slavery lasted until 1865 (for some 1867)
- 3. Men faced labor discrimination
- 4. Slavery made family ties more difficult to maintain
The IR caused what changes to the Asian-American race?
- 1. Valued family loyalty
- 2. Wide-spread discrimination
- 3. Family variation depending on country of origin
- 4. Came to U.S. after Industrial Revolution was well underway
Name three different time periods of prosperity and how it changed society/families:
- 1. 1900-1930: Increase in divorce and decline in fertility
- 2. 1945-1960: Decline in age of marriage, increase in fertility, decline in divorce rate, decrease in women's LFP
- 3. 1990s: leveling and light decline in divorce rate, increase in single-parent births, increase in single living/cohabitation
What effects did The Great Depression have on families?
- 1. Divorce rate stabilized
- 2. Marriage rates declined
- 3. Fertility fell
- 4. Family abandonment
- 5. Middle-class employed women continued to increase
The first wave of Feminism occurred when?
Between the late 1800s and early 1900s
The first wave of Feminism was the cause of:
- 1. Suffrage movement
- 2. Temperance movement (banned sale and manufacturing of alcohol
- 3. Various social health movements - helped lower-class
The first wave of Feminism brought about what family changes?
- 1. Women increasingly in the public sphere
- 2. Women increased their political power
- 3. Men held somewhat more accountable for breadwinning behavior
The second wave of Feminism occurred when?
1950s to today
The second wave of Feminism was the cause of:
- 1. Challenging gendered divisions in all areas of life
- (Ex. home, work, politics, religion, etc.)
- 2. Countered "Separate speheres"
- (Women should work vs. Men should parent more)
- 3. Battle for pay equity
- 4. More women in govt.
The second wave of Feminism brought about what family changes?
- 1. Married middle-class women moved into workplace
- 2. Men do more housework and childcare than bfore
- 3. Greater egalitarianism
The Sexual Revolution introduced ___________ and challenged ________ ________.
- sexual norms.
Sexual Revolution brought about several changes in family life such as the increase in ___ -__________ sex and ______________, along with the increase of ______________.
The bottom line of historical changes was that in weakened what and increased what?
- 1. Extended and nuclear family
- 2. Marriage
- 3. Traditional life-span development
What research method involves a researcher who interviews or observes a family several times over a period of months or years?
Name the advantages/disadvantages of a Longitudinal study:
- 1. Takes a considerable amount of time, $, and effort
- 2. Usually results are well-worth the effort
- 3. Provides valuable/reliable/accurate info
What research method involves a researcher who selects couples/families at various stages in the family life cycle and compares the differences between various stages?
What advantages/disadvantages does a Cross-sectional study have?
- 1. Efficiency
- 2. Data can be compared immediately
- 3. Not knowing if identified similarities are due to the stage of life cycle or that specific/particular family
Name historical pathways to marriage:
- Parent-arranged marriages
- Couple-arranged marriage
Hooking up has began to replace _____________.
Defined as anything from hanging out to being in a more highly committed relationship without dating is:
Individuals reported to be in violent dating relationships was _____ women and _____ men.
25% ; 10%
For minor violences in relationships ____ (32%) received more than ____ (29%).
Men ; women
In what ways do researchers study families?
- 1. Questionaires
- 2. Interviews
- 3. Case studies
- 4. Observational
- 5. Multi-cultural
What are the reasons for using the scientific method?
- 1. There are too many experts
- 2. To find demographic trends
- 3. Make unexpected discoveries
- 4. Bring together different disciplines
- 5. Influence practice
What is the Scientific Method used in researching?
Interest ----> Idea ----> Hypothesis ----> Conceptualize ----> Choose research method