Marriage and Family
Card Set Information
Marriage and Family
marriage family test one
Began in late 18th century/early 19th century and developed the mechanization of clothes, consumer goods, food, crops, etc.
Industrial Revolution brought about what changes to the family?
1. Allowed for more time to be spent outside home
2. Home became less of a place for production
3. Separated men and women
4. Money became much more of a necessity for living
5. Father's power decreased
6. Increased privacy of married couples
The IR caused what changes to the middle class?
1. "Separate spheres"
2. Discretionary Income
3. Privacy Increased
The IR caused what changes to the lower class?
1. Separate spheres...sort of
2. Meager earnings
3. Still had NO privacy
The IR caused what changes to the African-American race?
1. No separate spheres
2. Slavery lasted until 1865 (for some 1867)
3. Men faced labor discrimination
4. Slavery made family ties more difficult to maintain
The IR caused what changes to the Asian-American race?
1. Valued family loyalty
2. Wide-spread discrimination
3. Family variation depending on country of origin
4. Came to U.S. after Industrial Revolution was well underway
Name three different time periods of prosperity and how it changed society/families:
Increase in divorce and decline in fertility
Decline in age of marriage, increase in fertility, decline in divorce rate, decrease in women's LFP
leveling and light decline in divorce rate, increase in single-parent births, increase in single living/cohabitation
What effects did The Great Depression have on families?
1. Divorce rate stabilized
2. Marriage rates declined
3. Fertility fell
4. Family abandonment
5. Middle-class employed women continued to increase
The first wave of Feminism occurred when?
Between the late 1800s and early 1900s
The first wave of Feminism was the cause of:
1. Suffrage movement
2. Temperance movement (banned sale and manufacturing of alcohol
3. Various social health movements - helped lower-class
The first wave of Feminism brought about what family changes?
1. Women increasingly in the public sphere
2. Women increased their political power
3. Men held somewhat more accountable for breadwinning behavior
The second wave of Feminism occurred when?
1950s to today
The second wave of Feminism was the cause of:
1. Challenging gendered divisions in all areas of life
(Ex. home, work, politics, religion, etc.)
2. Countered "Separate speheres"
(Women should work vs. Men should parent more)
3. Battle for pay equity
4. More women in govt.
The second wave of Feminism brought about what family changes?
1. Married middle-class women moved into workplace
2. Men do more housework and childcare than bfore
3. Greater egalitarianism
The Sexual Revolution introduced ___________ and challenged ________ ________.
Sexual Revolution brought about several changes in family life such as the increase in ___ -__________ sex and ______________, along with the increase of ______________.
The bottom line of historical changes was that in weakened what and increased what?
1. Extended and nuclear family
3. Traditional life-span development
What research method involves a researcher who interviews or observes a family several times over a period of months or years?
Name the advantages/disadvantages of a Longitudinal study:
1. Takes a considerable amount of time, $, and effort
2. Usually results are well-worth the effort
3. Provides valuable/reliable/accurate info
What research method involves a researcher who selects couples/families at various stages in the family life cycle and compares the differences between various stages?
What advantages/disadvantages does a Cross-sectional study have?
2. Data can be compared immediately
3. Not knowing if identified similarities are due to the stage of life cycle or that specific/particular family
Name historical pathways to marriage:
Hooking up has began to replace _____________.
Defined as anything from hanging out to being in a more highly committed relationship without dating is:
Individuals reported to be in violent dating relationships was _____ women and _____ men.
25% ; 10%
For minor violences in relationships ____ (32%) received more than ____ (29%).
Men ; women
In what ways do researchers study families?
3. Case studies
What are the reasons for using the scientific method?
1. There are too many experts
2. To find demographic trends
3. Make unexpected discoveries
4. Bring together different disciplines
5. Influence practice
What is the Scientific Method used in researching?
Interest ----> Idea ----> Hypothesis ----> Conceptualize ----> Choose research method