Marriage and Family

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Author:
HeidiBoehm
ID:
170495
Filename:
Marriage and Family
Updated:
2012-09-12 17:23:58
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marriage family test one
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Test 1
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  1. Began in late 18th century/early 19th century and developed the mechanization of clothes, consumer goods, food, crops, etc. 
    Industrial Revolution
  2. Industrial Revolution brought about what changes to the family?
    • 1. Allowed for more time to be spent outside home
    • 2. Home became less of a place for production
    • 3. Separated men and women
    • 4. Money became much more of a necessity for living
    • 5. Father's power decreased
    • 6. Increased privacy of married couples
  3. The IR caused what changes to the middle class?
    • 1. "Separate spheres"
    • 2. Discretionary Income
    • 3. Privacy Increased
  4. The IR caused what changes to the lower class?
    • 1. Separate spheres...sort of
    • 2. Meager earnings
    • 3. Still had NO privacy
  5. The IR caused what changes to the African-American race? 
    • 1. No separate spheres
    • 2. Slavery lasted until 1865 (for some 1867)
    • 3. Men faced labor discrimination
    • 4. Slavery made family ties more difficult to maintain
  6. The IR caused what changes to the Asian-American race?
    • 1. Valued family loyalty
    • 2. Wide-spread discrimination
    • 3. Family variation depending on country of origin
    • 4. Came to U.S. after Industrial Revolution was well underway
  7. Name three different time periods of prosperity and how it changed society/families:
    • 1. 1900-1930: Increase in divorce and decline in fertility
    • 2. 1945-1960: Decline in age of marriage, increase in fertility, decline in divorce rate, decrease in women's LFP
    • 3. 1990s: leveling and light decline in divorce rate, increase in single-parent births, increase in single living/cohabitation
  8. What effects did The Great Depression have on families?
    • 1. Divorce rate stabilized
    • 2. Marriage rates declined
    • 3. Fertility fell
    • 4. Family abandonment
    • 5. Middle-class employed women continued to increase
  9. The first wave of Feminism occurred when?
    Between the late 1800s and early 1900s
  10. The first wave of Feminism was the cause of:
    • 1. Suffrage movement
    • 2. Temperance movement (banned sale and manufacturing of alcohol
    • 3. Various social health movements - helped lower-class
  11. The first wave of Feminism brought about what family changes?
    • 1. Women increasingly in the public sphere
    • 2. Women increased their political power
    • 3. Men held somewhat more accountable for breadwinning behavior
  12. The second wave of Feminism occurred when?
    1950s to today
  13. The second wave of Feminism was the cause of:
    • 1. Challenging gendered divisions in all areas of life
    • (Ex. home, work, politics, religion, etc.)
    • 2. Countered "Separate speheres"
    • (Women should work vs. Men should parent more)
    • 3. Battle for pay equity
    • 4. More women in govt. 
  14. The second wave of Feminism brought about what family changes?
    • 1. Married middle-class women moved into workplace
    • 2. Men do more housework and childcare than bfore
    • 3. Greater egalitarianism
  15. The Sexual Revolution introduced ___________ and challenged ________ ________.
    • contraception;
    • sexual norms.
  16. Sexual Revolution brought about several changes in family life such as the increase in ___ -__________ sex and ______________, along with the increase of ______________.
    • non-marital;
    • childbearing;
    • cohabitation.
  17. The bottom line of historical changes was that in weakened what and increased what?
    • 1. Extended and nuclear family
    • 2. Marriage
    • 3. Traditional life-span development

    Ambivalence
  18. What research method involves a researcher who interviews or observes a family several times over a period of months or years?
    Longitudinal study 
  19. Name the advantages/disadvantages of a Longitudinal study:
    • 1. Takes a considerable amount of time, $, and effort
    • 2. Usually results are well-worth the effort
    • 3. Provides valuable/reliable/accurate info
  20. What research method involves a researcher who selects couples/families at various stages in the family life cycle and compares the differences between various stages?
    Cross-sectional study
  21. What advantages/disadvantages does a Cross-sectional study have?
    • 1. Efficiency 
    • 2. Data can be compared immediately
    • 3. Not knowing if identified similarities are due to the stage of life cycle or that specific/particular family
  22. Name historical pathways to marriage:
    • Parent-arranged marriages
    • Couple-arranged marriage
    • Courting
    • Dating
  23. Hooking up has began to replace _____________.
    Dating
  24. Defined as anything from hanging out to being in a more highly committed relationship without dating is:
    Hooking up
  25. Individuals reported to be in violent dating relationships was _____ women and _____ men. 
    25% ; 10%
  26. For minor violences in relationships ____ (32%) received more than ____ (29%). 
    Men ; women
  27. In what ways do researchers study families?
    • 1. Questionaires
    • 2. Interviews
    • 3. Case studies
    • 4. Observational 
    • 5. Multi-cultural
  28. What are the reasons for using the scientific method?
    • 1. There are too many experts
    • 2. To find demographic trends
    • 3. Make unexpected discoveries
    • 4. Bring together different disciplines 
    • 5. Influence practice
  29. What is the Scientific Method used in researching?
    Interest ----> Idea ----> Hypothesis ----> Conceptualize ----> Choose research method

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