9th gr VHS Geography Terms

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LynneForsyth
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170498
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9th gr VHS Geography Terms
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2012-10-02 12:09:08
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VHS
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for test on Friday 9/14
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  1. Economic System
    The system of production, distribution, and consumption of goods, services, or land.
  2. Secular Society
    A society where laws are not based on religious beliefs.
  3. Republic
    A country in which the power rests with an elected group of citizens.
  4. Cultural Diffusion
    The spread of culture and the factors that account for it, such as migration, communications, trade, and commerce.
  5. Ethnicity
    An ethnic quality or affiliation resulting from racial or cultural ties.
  6. Theocracy
    The belief in government by divine guidance.
  7. Ethnocentrism
    The belief in the inherent superiority of one's own ethnic group or culture.
  8. Race
    A group of persons related to common descendents.
  9. Prejudice
    An unfavorable opinion or feeling formed beforehand or without knowledge, thought, or reason.
  10. Nuclear Family
    A social unit composed of father, mother, and children.
  11. Extended Family
    A family that includes various relatives, usually living in one household and functioning as a larger unit.
  12. Tolerance
    The willingness to recognize and respect the beliefs or practices of others.
  13. What time period is the Paleolithic Age?
    A.  8,000 BCE-3,000 BCE
    B.  2.5 BCE-8,000 BCE
    B.  The Paleolithic Age (the Old Stone Age) is from 2.5 BCE-8,000 BCE
  14. Another name for the Paleolithic Age is what?
    Another name for the Paleolithic Age is the Old Stone Age.
  15. What was the climate like during the Paleolithic (Old Stone Age)?
    The climate during the Paleolithic (Old Stone Age) was cold glaciers.
  16. How/why did the people move during the Old Stone (Paleolithic) Age?
    During the Paleolithic Age nomads followed animals for food.
  17. During the Paleolithic Age what size groups did people live in?
    In the Paleolithic Age people lived in small groups of LESS than 20.
  18. How did the people of the Paleolithic Age obtain their food?
    During the Paleolithic Age people were hunters & gatherers.
  19. What were the accomplishments of the Paleolithic Age?
    The accomplishments of the Paleolithic Age were that stone tools were made, and they discovered fire.
  20. What was the structure of society during the Paleolithic Age?
    During the Paleolithic Age society was structured by people living under rocks & in caves.
  21. What type of plants did people of the Paleolithic Age utilize?
    People in the Paleolithic Age utilized whatever plants they found.
  22. Another name for the New Stone Age is what?
    Another name for the New Stone Age is the Neolithic Age.
  23. What years do we attribute to the Neolithic (New Stone) Age?
    A.  8,000 BCE-3,000 BCE
    B.  2.5 BCE-8,000 BCE
    A.  8,000 BCE-3,000 BCE are the years associated with the Neolithic (New Stone) Age.
  24. What was the climate like during the Neolithic Age (compare it to the Paleolithic Age).
    The Neolithic Age had a warmer climate than the Paleolithic Age.
  25. What was the movement of people during the Neolithic Age?
    During the Neolithic Age people began to settle down in towns and/or civilizations.
  26. What size groups of people were common during the Neolithic Age?
    During the Neolithic Age people formed large groups in villages.
  27. During the Neolithic Age what were the major accomplishments?
    During the Neolithic Age the major accomplishments were: domesticated animals, other professions like boat building and weaving.
  28. What was the structure of society during the Neolithic Age?
    During the Neolithic Age society was structured by people living in villages along rivers.
  29. What plants did people utilize during the Neolithic Age?
    During the Neolithic Age people utilized nuts, berries, and grains that they raised (farmed).
  30. Specialized worker
    A specialized worker is a person (or people) who develop SPECIFIC SKILLS in a particular kind of work.
  31. Artisans
    Artisans are skilled workers who make goods by hand.
  32. Sumerian Social Structure
    The Sumerian Social Structure puts priests at the top of society both religiously and politically.
  33. Polytheism
    Polytheism is the belief in more than one (poly) god.


    This is easy to remember because the prefix "poly" means more than one AND "theism" means god.
  34. Ziggurat
    A ziggurat is the tallest & most important building in Sumer, "Mountain of god"
  35. Monotheistic
    Monotheistic is the belief in one god.

    This is easy to remember because the prefix mono means one AND "theistic" means god.
  36. Rulers of Sumer
    The Rulers of Sumer are the priests.

    This makes sense because the Sumerian Social Structure places priests at the top of society both religiously & politically.
  37. What was the writing system of the Sumerians?
    The Sumerians used cuneiform tablets to record business transactions.
  38. Technology
    Any way in which an idea or invention is used to meet human need.
  39. Artifact
    Archeologists use these to discern information about prehistoric man.
  40. Domestication
    Domestication is the taming of animals for human use.
  41. Hominid
    A hominid is any species, past or present, that walks upright on two (2) legs.
  42. Location
    Where something is.
  43. Absolute Location
    A location can be absolute (SPECIFIC) as in the coordinates of a map using longitude & latitude.
  44. Relative Location
    A location can be relative (approximate/around).

    • Examples of relative location are:
    • next door, nearby, a short drive, down the road a ways.
    • OR - location can be in the same GENERAL location as another location.
    • An example of a relative location that is in the same general location as another is:
    • next door to the post office.
  45. Place
    A place is an area that is defined by EVERYTHING in it.  All places have features that give them personality and distinguish them from other places.

    Example:  If you refer to your school as a place, then that place would include walls, windows, gym, cafeteria, classrooms, people, clothing, books, maps, mops, brooms, hallways, mice (if you have them), and everything else in the school , INCLUDING THE LANGUAGES SPOKEN.
  46. Region
    A region is an area that is defined by certain similar characteristics.  Those unifying or similar characteristics can be PHYSICAL, NATURAL, HUMAN, or CULTURAL.
  47. Movement
    Movement refers to the way people, products, information, and ideas MOVE from one place to another.  This can be LOCAL such as how did you get to school today, or it can be GLOBAL as in how did humans get to North America.
  48. Human-Environment Interaction
    • Looks at the relationship between people and their environment.  It includes THREE perspectives:
    • 1.  How people ADAPT to their environment (Ex.: The ancient Egyptians rebuilt their homes each year after the annual flooding.  As time went on they built their homes above the flood plain.)
    • 2.  How people CHANGE/MODIFY their environment (Ex.:  The ancient Egyptians built irrigation ditches to help water crops.  In modern times, Egypt built a dam to control the flood waters of the Nile River.)
    • 3.  How people DEPEND on their environment  (Ex.: In ancient times, the annual flooding of the Nile River produced good soil for growing crops.
  49. Human-Environment Interaction contains three (3) perspectives can you list them?
    • Human-Environment Interaction contains perspectives on how people:
    • 1.  Adapt
    • 2.  Change or modify
    • 3.  Depend
    • on their environment.
  50. If one perspective of Human-Environment Interaction is how people ADAPT to their environment what is an example of this?
    An example of people ADAPTing to their environment is when the ancient Egyptians rebuilt their homes each year after the annual flooding.  Eventually (as time went by) they built their homes above the flood plain.
  51. If one perspective of Human-Environment Interaction is how people CHANGE or MODIFY their environment what is an example of this?
    An example of people CHANGING or MODIFYING their environment is when the ancient Egyptians built irrigation ditches to help water the crops.  In modern times Egypt built a dam to control the flood waters of the Nile River.
  52. If one perspective of Human-Environment Interation is how people DEPEND on their environment, what is an example of this?
    An example of people DEPENDING on their environment is during ancient times when the annual flooding of the Nile River produced good soil for growing crops.  As a result, people lived near the river to have access to fertile soil.

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