Physiology: CPR unit
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how does oxygen get into the lungs?
- pass out
- brain damage starts occuring
- brain dead
what happens to ur organs when you do heimlich maneuver?
intestines - liver- diaphram - lungs - pushes air out - injects object out
what should you avoid when ur doing the heimlich maneuver?
the xeiphoid process
what does CPR stand for?
how do you recognize an emergency?
unusual noises, sights, odors, appearances of the victim and behaviors.
6 steps of giving cpr to someone
- 1. make sure the scene is safe
- 2. tap and shout.
- 3. yell for help
- 4.check breathing
- 5.give cpr
- 6.keep going
how do you give a cpr?
give 5 sets of 30 pushes and 2 breaths.
what happens when you push on the chest?
you pump blood into the brain and heart
how far should you push down when giving cpr?
what's an AED? and what does is stand for?
it's a machine with a computer in it that can shock the heart and help it work properly again. Automatedo External Defibrillator.
what will give you the BEST chance of saving a life?
starting CPR right away and using AED within a few min.
what are the steps of hand-only cpr?
- 1. make sure scene is safe
- 2. tap and shou
- 3. tell and call 911 or get AED
- 4.check breathing
- 5. if victim is not breathing or only gasping, give cpr
- 6.push down at least 2 inches at a rate of 100 pushes a min. allow the chest to come back up to its normal position.
what is choking?
when food or another object gets stuck in the airway or throat and the object stops the air from getting into the lungs.
what's an example of mild choking?
victim can make sounds and can cough loudly.
resp: stand by and let them cough.
what's an example of severe chokin?
cannot breathe or has a cough that has no sound. cannot talk or make souns and makes the choking sign.
resp: act quickly and follow the steps to helping a choking adult.
when an adult is choking, what do you do?
give the heimlich maneuver.
what are the steps to helping a choking adult?
- 1. ask the person if they're choking?
- 2. get behind him and wrap arms around so the hands are in front
- 3. make fast with one hand
- 4. put the thumb side of your fist slightly above the belly button and well below the breastbone.
- 5. grasp your fist with your other hand and quick upwards thrusts into the belly.
- 6. give thrusts until the object is forced out and he can breathe, cough, or talk or until he stops responding.
what age is considered a child?
what if you don't know?
someone who is older than 1 year old and has not yet reached puberty.
*when in doubt, treat the victim as an adult.
steps to giving a child cpr?
- 1. make sure the child is lying on her back on a firm, flat surface.
- 2. move clothes out of the way
- 3. " adult cpr.
who often has healthy hearts?
what are the 3 A's? When do you use this?
Asses, Alert and Action. When giving someone CPR
what percentage of oxygen and nitrogen does air contain?
20% oxygen, 80% nitrogen
When doing compressions, what should you follow?
Landmark, Plant, Interlock
phone number for local emergency service?
phone number for poison control?
What would you like to do?
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