A passing reference to a familiar person, place, or thing, often drawn from history, Literature, or mythology; used to capture the feel or atmosphere of a time or place
A special form of comparison where the writer explains something unfamiliar by comparing it to something familiar
A short narrative about an amusing or interesting event; often used to begins esays or illustrate certain points
An attempt to persuade the reader to agree with a point of view, to make a given decision, or to pursue a particular course of action. 2 types: logical and persuasive
Reflects his or her opinion of a subject. The writer can be postive or negative about a subject
The sentence, group of sentences, or section that introduces an essay; usually identifies the thesis and interests readers
sentence or group of sentences that brings an essay to a close; can be a summary, example, or quote
explains the reasons for the occurance or consequences of an action
cause and effect
A reference to a published or unpublished work that indicates that the miterial being referenced is not original with the present author; allows a reader to examine the referenced material to verify its authenticity
Expression that his become ineffective through overuse; writers avoid these and try to express themselves in a fresh way
Quality of good writing that results when all sentences and paraghaphes are naturally connected; Achieved throuh a logical sequence of ideas, the purposeful repetion of key words and ideas, and a pace suitable for your topic
expression that is characteristic of or appropriate to spoken language or to writing that seeks the effect of spoken language.
Used to point out the similarities and differences between 2 or more subjects in the same class or category; meant to reach some conclusion about the items
Compare and Contrast
Word that names a specific object, person, place or action, like book, Chicago, etc
refers to general qualities conditions or actions that cannot be directly perceived by the senses: bravery, fear, etc.
Meanings of words. The dictionary meaning of a word; its literal meaning; example: lamb is a young ship
Implied or suggested meaning of the word; example is lamb: gentile, peaceful
Joining of grammatical construction of the same rank to indicate they're of equal importance
process of reasoning from stated premises to a conclusion that follows necessarily. This moves from general to specific
rhetorical pattern; statement of the meaning of a word
how a person, place, or thing is perceived by the 5 senses
small elements that contribiute to the overall impression to a person or hting
Conversation of 2 or more people as represented in writing.
writer's choice and use of words. good this is precise and appropriate: the words mean exactly what the writer intends.
Material borrowed word for word that must be placed within quotation marks and properly cited
rhetorical patterns used by the writier first to establish categories and then to arrange things into the categories based on characteristics
Division and Classification
single mood, atmosphere, or quality a writer emphasizes in a piece descriptive writing
Placement of important ideas and words within sentences and longer units of writing so that they have the greatest impact
an assessment of a writing's effectiveness or merit.
imformation on which a judgement or arguement is based or by which proof or probability is established.
Illustrates a larger idea or represents something of which it is a part
An explicit comparison with like or as
comparison without like or as
figure of speech where nonhuman things are given human qualities
Limitation a writer gives his or her subject.
Wrod or phrase that is used habitually which speical meaning.
use of examples of explain or corroborate; writers use this to make their ideas concrete
Process of reasoning to a conlcusion about all members of a class through an examination of only a few members of the class.
Use of words to suggest somethig different than their literal meaning.
AKA technical language, is the speical vocabulary of a trade, profession or group.
an error in reasoning that renders an argument invalid
to tell a story, to tell what happened
Seemingly contradictory statement that is nonetheless true.
Repetition of word order or grammatical form either within a single sentence or in sevel sentences that develop the same central idea.
Restatement of the info the author is borrowing
an attempt to convince readers to agree with a point of view, to make a decision, or to puruse a particular course of action
use of someone elses idea in the original form without proper documentation
the grammatical person in an essay
Point of view
rhetorical strategy used to expalin how somehting works or to give step by step directions for doing something
what the writer wants to accomplish in a piece of writing
Asked for its rhetorical effect but requires no answer from the reader.
phrase alerting the reader that borrowed information follows
unconventional, informal language of particular subgroups in our culture
words that name groups or classes of objects, qualities, or actions
Words that name individual objects, qualities, or actions within a class or group
individual manner in which a writer expresses his or her ideas
use of grammatical constructions to make one part of a sentence dependent on, rather than equal to, one another
arguement that uses deductive reasoning and consists of a major premise, minor premise, and conclusion
The way in which words are arranged to from phrases, clauses, and sentences as whell as to the grammatical relationship among the words themselves
Mannen in which a writer relates to an audience, used to address readers
Word or phrase that links sentences paragraphs, and larger units of a composition to achieve coherence.
quality of oneness in an essay that results when all the words, sentences, and paragraphs contribute to the thesis