Psychology 210

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Author:
megxcorkie
ID:
17055
Filename:
Psychology 210
Updated:
2010-05-02 20:00:39
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Study guide
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Psychology Final
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  1. The metabolic slowdown common to individuals in their early thirties and mid-fifties will lead to ________ in many males.

    A. gray hair
    B. wrinkles
    C. hair loss
    D. a middle-aged bulge
    D. a middle-aged bulge
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Osteoporosis is the thought of as involving a loss of bone

    A. brittleness
    B. porousness
    C. hormones
    D. mass
    D. mass
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Who is at the greatest risk of currently experiencing osteoporosis?

    A. Abe, who is a 70-year-old male
    B. Mary, who is a 60-year-old female
    C. Martha, who is a 20-year-old female
    D. George, who is a 30-year-old male
    B. Mary, who is a 60-year-old female
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. ________ is the leading cause of broken bones in older women.

    A. osteoarthritis
    B. rheumatoid arthritis
    C. osteoporosis
    D. car accidents
    C. osteoporosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Which is best characterized as a "wear-and-tear" disease?

    A. rheumatoid arthritis
    B. osteoporosis
    C. osteoarthritis
    D. menopause
    C. osteoarthritis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Misha often experiences severe swelling and joint pain in her fingers and wrists each morning. This pattern of symptoms is most likely due to

    A. osteoarthritis
    B. osteoporosis
    C. rheumatoid arthritis
    D. the climacteric
    C. rheumatoid arthritis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Rheumatoid arthritis _______ osteoarthritis.

    A. always precedes
    B. is another name for
    C. impacts different joints than
    D. is a non-inflammatory version of
    C. impacts different joints than
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Which statement concerning rheumatoid arthritis is true?

    A. Rheumatoid arthritis affects large joints (e.g., hips) but not in small (e.g., fingers).
    B. Symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis come and go.
    C. Individuals with rheumatoid arthritis need to avoid aspirin.
    D. Rheumatoid arthritis is inherited.
    B. Symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis come and go.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. The defining element of "the climacteric" involves the loss of

    A. cancer-fighting agents.
    B. the natural ability to reproduce children.
    C. blood flow through the circulatory system.
    D. emotional stability.
    B. the natural ability to reproduce children.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. How are menopause and the climacteric related?

    A. Menopause typically ends right before menopause.
    B. Menopause occurs during the climacteric.
    C. The climacteric typically ends right before menopause.
    D. Menopause and the climacteric are unrelated.
    B. Menopause occurs during the climacteric.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Which are hormonal-related symptoms of menopause?

    A. joint stiffness and poor respiration
    B. hot flashes and vaginal dryness
    C. poor respiration and hot flashes
    D. vaginal dryness and joint stiffness
    B. hot flashes and vaginal dryness
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. The primary reason that elderly women show a decline in sexual activity involves

    A. failure to achieve organism.
    B. a normal physiological lack of interest.
    C. the lack of a willing or appropriate partner.
    D. pain associated with vaginal changes.
    C. the lack of a willing or appropriate partner.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Some males experience an age-related decline in _________ resulting in menopause-like symptoms (e.g., hot flashes).

    A. testosterone
    B. estrogen
    C. dopamine
    D. progestin
    A. testosterone
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Who is likely to experience the most job-related stress?

    A. Deena, who has no control over her job.
    B. Katrina, who has some control over her job.
    C. Tina, who has complete control over her job.
    D. Lena, who has moderate control over her job.
    A. Deena, who has no control over her job.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. For which occupation would you expect the least stress-related health problems?

    A. waiter
    B. CEO of a computer company
    C. truck driver
    D. social worker
    B. CEO of a computer company
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Coping is defined as

    A. any successful attempt to deal with stress
    B. any attempt to deal with stress that is repeated on at least two occasions.
    C. any rational attempt to deal with stress.
    D. any attempt to deal with stress.
    D. any attempt to deal with stress.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Which statement is true?

    A. high levels of self-esteem predict high levels of stress
    B. stress and self-esteem are unrelated concepts
    C. low levels of self-esteem predict low levels of stress
    D. high levels of self-esteem predict low levels of stress
    D. high levels of self-esteem predict low levels of stress
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. At which age is the debate of personality stability versus change most heated?

    A. middle age
    B. old age
    C. young adulthood
    D. the teen years
    A. middle age
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Since she has what Costa and McCrae would classify as a "high extroverted" personality, you would expect that Samantha would be described by others as

    A. "as nice as you could imagine."
    B. "loving the spotlight."
    C. "a psychopath."
    D. "lazy and disorganized."
    B. "loving the spotlight."
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Longevity appears to be determined

    A. jointly by genetic and environmental factors.
    B. exclusively by genetic factors.
    C. by unexplained factors.
    D. exclusively by environmental factors.
    A. jointly by genetic and environmental factors.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Which American is just about to reach the current average life expectancy for their sex?

    A. Faith, a female who just turned 80
    B. Reba, a female who just turned 70
    C. Billy Ray, a male who just turned 90
    D. Garth, a male who just turned 60
    A. Faith, a female who just turned 80
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. As you age, gravity will ultimately compress your spine, and this will result in a loss of height. This effect is best explained by the _____ theory of aging.

    A. metabolic
    B. programmed cell death
    C. wear-and-tear
    D. cellular
    C. wear-and-tear
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Cellular theory of aging is most focused on

    A. the sudden death of cells in one system
    B. the size of cells.
    C. deterioration of cells over a lifetime.
    D. the number of chromosomes in a cell.
    C. deterioration of cells over a lifetime.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Fifty-year-old Keith is informed by his doctor that his brain is showing signs of the initial development of neuritic plaques and a few neurofibrillary tangles. This is

    A. a definite indicator of Alzheimer's disease.
    B. a definite indicator of Parkinson's disease.
    C. normal.
    D. a definite indicator of Huntington's disease.
    C. normal.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. A cerebral hemorrhage occurs when a blood vessel in the brain

    A. blocks.
    B. stiffens.
    C. tangles.
    D. ruptures.
    D. ruptures.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. The key factor in determining the impact of vascular dementia is

    A. the sex of the individual involved.
    B. the age of the individual involved.
    C. which areas of the heart are damaged.
    D. which areas of the brain are damaged.
    D. which areas of the brain are damaged.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Carmen has a very difficult time breathing. Even after walking short distance, she is gasping for air. Carmen is exhibiting symptoms of

    A. Parkinson's disease.
    B. circadian rhythms.
    C. presbycusis.
    D. chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
    D. chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. Despite the fact that Feodor's hand shakes and he has a difficult time walking and positioning and moving his body to get in and out of chairs, he remains mentally sharp. Feodor appears to have

    A. Alzheimer's disease.
    B. chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
    C. Parkinson's disease.
    D. Huntington's disease.
    C. Parkinson's disease.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. When visiting your eye specialist you are informed that you have large opaque spots on the lens of your left eye. As a knowledgeable student you would know that this means that you have

    A. glaucoma.
    B. a cataract.
    C. presbyopia.
    D. myopia.
    B. a cataract.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. While at her yearly medical checkup, Martha is informed that she has extremely high pressure in her eye. This indicates that Martha likely has

    A. presbyopia.
    B. cataracts.
    C. glaucoma.
    D. macular degeneration.
    C. glaucoma.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Which sleep complaint would you least expect from an older adult?

    A. "Once I go to sleep, I sleep way too long."
    B. "I only slept 4 hours last night."
    C. "If I don't get enough sleep at night, I am just worthless the next day."
    D. "I just can't get to sleep at night."
    A. "Once I go to sleep, I sleep way too long."
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. Continuity theory is based on the premise that

    A. the maximum level of cognitive abilities is achieved in middle adulthood.
    B. environmental demands decline with age.
    C. we tend to address life's daily problems using strategies that have been successful in the past.
    D. change is uncommon in adulthood.
    C. we tend to address life's daily problems using strategies that have been successful in the past.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. Experimenters are attempting to assess the upper limits of Ralph's physical, perceptual, cognitive, and personal skills. When they are done, they will have determined Ralph's

    A. continuity.
    B. environmental press.
    C. proactivity.
    D. competence.
    D. competence.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. The conflict of integrity versus despair is characterized by

    A. developing a sense of trust
    B. forming an initial sense of identity.
    C. attempting to make sense out of one's life.
    D. a sense of great care for the next generation.
    C. attempting to make sense out of one's life.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. Noah is trying to come to grips with the fact that he is very old and doesn't have long to live. To do this, he thinks of the things he has accomplished, the children he has raised, and the things he has done for the community. Noah is struggling with Erikson's stage of

    A. intimacy versus isolation.
    B. generatively versus stagnation.
    C. integrity versus despair.
    D. initiative versus guilt
    C. integrity versus despair.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. The definition of death

    A. varies within and between cultures.
    B. is the same for everyone within a culture.
    C. never changes.
    D. is the same across all cultures.
    A. varies within and between cultures.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. Which question best exemplifies the concept of death as a mystery?

    A. Does my family really like me?
    B. Why was I given cancer?
    C. How many people die from homicide each year?
    D. Will my crippled body be made whole after I die?
    D. Will my crippled body be made whole after I die?
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. Kim's statement "I cannot believe that I am dying so young, I have so much more to do" provides a nice example of the concept of death as a

    A. fear.
    B. boundary.
    C. thief of meaning.
    D. mystery.
    C. thief of meaning.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. Who is clinically dead?

    A. Helga, who exhibits no cortical functioning
    B. John, who is not responsive to pain
    C. John, Naomi, and Helga, would all be considered clinically dead
    D. Naomi, who is not breathing and who's heart is not beating
    D. Naomi, who is not breathing and who's heart is not beating
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. Individuals in permanent comas or persistent vegetative states

    A. meet neither the higher-brain nor whole-brain standard of death.
    B. meet the higher-brain standard of death but not the whole-brain standard of death.
    C. meet the higher-brain and whole-brain standard of death.
    D. meet the whole-brain standard of death but not the higher-brain standard of death.
    B. meet the higher-brain standard of death but not the whole-brain standard of death.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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