SA Med III
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Will the FIV vaccination cause a positive FIV-Ab test?
Is the FIV vaccine recommended?
What cells does Infectious Canine Hepatitis (CAV-1) target?
- Endothelial cells
How is infectious canine hepatitis diagnosed?
- Serological testing
- Virus isolation
What type of vaccines are only recommended for infectious canine hepatitis (CAV-1)?
Only CAV-2 vaccines
What are some unique clinical signs associated with Canine distemper virus?
- "Chewing gum" seizures
- Dental enamel hypoplasia
- Naso-digital hyperkeratosis
How is a presumptive diagnosis of of canine distemper virus infection obtained?
- Based on clinical signs in young dogs (2-6 months)
- History of no vaccination
- Probability of exposure
What clinical signs often come before CNS signs in canine distemper virus?
What serology is suggestive of recent infection of canine distemper virus?
- Rising serum neutralizing antbody titer
- or CDV-specific IgM titer
What viruses make up the kennel cough complex?
- Bordetella bronchiseptica
- Canine parainfluenza virus (CPI)
- Canine adenovirus-2 (CAV-2)
What are the most common sites of extraintestinal toxoplasmosis in cats?
What one blood chem value is most important when diagnosing toxoplasmosis?
How is a definitive diagnosis of toxoplasmosis obtained?
Seeing organism (Histopathology)
What antibody correlates best with clinical toxoplasmosis?
What drug is used to treat feline toxoplasmosis and neosporosis?
Is there an increased risk of toxoplasmosis associated with cat ownership?
Can dogs produce T. gondii oocysts?
What is the most common clinical feature of neosporosis in dogs?
Ascending paralysis w/ hyperextension of hindlimbs
What breed of dogs are overly represented in babesiosis infections?
What is the primary differential for Babesiosis?
How do you obtain a definitive diagnosis of Babesiosis?
Demonstration of organism
90% of feline upper respiratory infections are caused by what two viruses?
- Feline herpes virus
- Feline Calicivirus
What other lesion is usually present in cats infected with feline herpes virus?
What other lesion is usually present in cats infected with feline calicivirus?
Are lab tests routinely needed to diagnose feline upper respiratory infections?
No, usually just presumptive
What is the most common treatment of feline herpes virus infections?
Does the FHV and FCV vaccines protects cats from infection?
No, just protects against disease severity
How are nasopharyngeal polyps definitively diagnosed?
The majority of nasal tumors in dogs are of what kind?
The majority of nasal tumors in cats are of what kind?
- Lymphoma (50%)
- Adenocarcinoma, SCC (50%)
How are nasal tumors diagnosed definitively?
What is the treatment of choice for nasal tumors?
What animals usually get Cryptococcus neoformans infections (nasal mycoses)?
In what animals is Aspergillosis (nasal mycoses) most common?
Young, male dogs
What are the key features of an Aspergillosis infection in dogs?
- Nasal discharge
- Depigmentation and ulceration of external nares
What is the treatment of choice for Aspergillosis and what must you be sure of before treatment?
Topical clotrimazole infusion (must be sure that cribiform plate is intact)
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