PROLOGUE

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elitistdave
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170600
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PROLOGUE
Updated:
2012-09-12 23:47:15
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prologue Unit
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Prologue
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  1. structuralism
    an early school of psychology that used introspection to explore the structural elements of the human mind.
  2. SQ3R
    Survey, Question, Read, Rehearse, Review
  3. psychology
    the science of behavior and mental processes.
  4. psychiatry
    a branch of medicine dealing with psychological disorders; psychiatrists often use a combination of psychology and pharmateutical drugs to do their craft.
  5. nature-nurture issue
    • The debate concerning the relative importance of heredity (nature/genes) and
    • learning or experience (nurture/society and parents, etc) in determining development and
    • behavior. Today's science sees traits and behaviors arising from the interaction of both
  6. Natural selection
    the principle that, among the range of inherited trait variations, those contributing to reproduction and survival will most likely be passed on to succeeding generations.
  7. levels of analysis.
    the differing complemenary views, from biological, to psychological, to social-cultural, for analyzing any given phenomenon.
  8. humanistic psychology
    historically significant perspective that emphasized the growth potential for healthy people and the individual's potential for personal growth.
  9. Functionalism
    • Functionalism was the psychological school of thought that followed Structuralism and moved away from focusing on the structure of the mind to a concern with how the conscious is related to behavior... How does
    • the mind affect what people do? One of the major proponents of Functionalism was Thorndike (created the ever-popular puzzle box) who studied the primary issue of functionalism...WHAT FUNCTION DOES A
    • BEHAVIOR HAVE. In addition, this school of thought focused on observable events as opposed to unobservable events (like what goes on in
    • someone's mind). Observes how mental and behavioral functions allow us to adapt,  survive and flourish.
  10. counseling psychology
    The branch of psychology that focuses on personal problems not classified as serious mental disorders, such as academic, social, or vocational difficulties of students. This is similar to clinical psychology, except that most of the issues addressed by counseling psychologists are less "serious". For example, a clinical psychologist would be more likely to deal with schizophrenia and other "serious" psychological disorders than a counseling psychologist. Deals more with relationships and day to day issues in normal people's lives.
  11. cognitive neuroscience
    the interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked w cognition. (including perception, thinking, memory and language)
  12. clinical psychology
    a branch of psychology that studies, assesses, and treats people with psychological disorders.
  13. biopsychosocial approach
    an integrated approach that incorporates biological, psychological and social-cultural levels of analysis
  14. Behaviorism
    The school of thought that stresses the need for psychology to be an objective science. In other words, that psychology should be a science based on observable (and only observable) events, not the unconscious or conscious mind. This perspective was first suggested and propagated by John Watson in 1913, who wanted psychology to study only observable behaviors and get away from the study of the conscious mind completely. Watson's primary rationale was that only observable events are verifiable and thus, are the only events that can be proven false. This is an extremely important concept for science; without it, how can you ever find out what is true, false, real, or fake.Read more:
  15. basic research
    pure science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge base
  16. applied research
    scientific study that aims to solve practical problems

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