10 Themes in Biology (Exam 1)

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dcwalker865
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170662
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10 Themes in Biology (Exam 1)
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2012-09-25 09:16:46
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10 ten themes biology
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10 themes in biology
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  1. What is the Cell Theory
    • 1. All living organisms are made up of cells
    • 2. All cells come from existing cells
  2. Define a Prokaryotic Cell
    Small, no nucleus, circular, one chromosome, lacks membrane-bound organelles
  3. Define a Eukaryotic cell
    Large, nucleus, linear, multiple chromosomes, membrane-bound organelles
  4. The nucleotides in DNA
    • Guanine
    • Cytosine
    • Thymine
    • Adenine
  5. Name the Taxonomy sequence
    Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, species
  6. Charles Darwin's evolution concepts
    • 1. Descent with Modification
    • 2. Natural Selection
  7. 2 Observations of Natural Selection
    • 1. Individual Variation
    • 2. Struggle for Existence
  8. 2 Types of Scientific Inquiry
    • 1. Descriptive (discovery) Science
    • 2. Hypotheticodeductive Science
  9. Scientific Method Steps
    • 1. Observation
    • 2. Question
    • 3. Hypothesis
    • 4. Prediction
    • 5. Experiment
    • 6. Results
    • 7. Conclusions
  10. Define a Scientific Law
    Something proved through mathematics
  11. Define a Scientific Theory
    Having a hypothesis that's been repeatedly proven throught out history
  12. Difference Between Science and Technology
    • Technology- developed to meet human needs
    • Science- what we would like to understand
  13. What is the Hierarchal Organization of Biology
    subatomic particles / atoms / molecules / organelles / cell / tissue / organs / organ systems / organism / population / communities / ecosystem / biosphere
  14. What Are Examples of Subatomic Particles 
    protons, neutrons, electrons
  15. Define a Cell
    lowest level of organization that shows all characteristics of life
  16. How Are Structure and Function Related?
    structure fits function
  17. Define Homeostasis
    regulation of physiology within limits
  18. What Are the 3 Domains 
    • 1. Bacteria
    • 2. Arhaea
    • 3. Eukaryo
  19. Define Evolution
    change over time
  20. What is difference in neg and pos feedback
    • negative - body senses change and corrects
    • postitive - body senses change and continues in same direction
  21. What are the old 5 Kingdoms of Life
    • 1. Monera: single - celled organisms withOUT nucleus
    • 2. Protista: single - celled organisms with nucleus
    • 3. Fungi: motionless organisms
    • 4. Plantae: plants
    • 5. Animalia: animals
  22. Difference betwen weather and climate
    • weather - behavior in the atmosphere over SHORT period
    • climate - behavior in the atmosphere over LONG period

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