bones

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XQWCat
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170676
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bones
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2012-09-13 11:14:38
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anatomy lab
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anatomylab skeleton
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  1. axial skeleton
    bones of the central skeleton.  Includes skull, sternum, hyoid apparatus, vertebral column, spinal cord. 
  2. appendicular skeleton
    bones of the appendages, including the pelvis
  3. cranial v caudal
    head v tail
  4. rostral/caudal
    nose to ears
  5. dorsal v ventral
    back to belly
  6. thorax
    upper chest--lungs, heart.  Above diaphragm
  7. abdomen
    below diaphragm.  Stomach, intestines, liver, spleen
  8. medial v lateral
    towards the midline v away from the midline
  9. saggital plane
    bisects the body into right and left pieces (bilateral)
  10. transverse plane
    bisects the body into cranial and caudal
  11. frontal (dorsal) plane
    cow in water
  12. dorsal v palmar or plantar
    top of the foot v the pads (front or back leg)
  13. synovial joint
    most moveable.  Knee, shoulder
  14. fibrous joint
    not moving. Sutures in skull
  15. cartilaginous joint
    somewhat mobile. Mandible or pubic symphisis
  16. manus
    hand
  17. pes
    foot
  18. diaphysis
    the shaft part of a long bone
  19. metaphysis
    neck-part of a long bone (often epithelial cartilege plate)
  20. epiphysis
    wide part at top and bottom of a long bone
  21. long bone
    longer than it is wide
  22. flat bone
    scapula, skull bones
  23. irregular bone
    vertebrae (skull)
  24. short bone
    little blocks or cubes (carpus or tarsus)
  25. nutrient foramen
    tiny hole in bones where blood vessels go in
  26. cervical spine
    7 vertebrae
  27. thoracic spine
    13 vertebrae in a cat
  28. lumbar spine
    contains 7 vertebrae
  29. sacral spine
    3 fused vertebrae
  30. caudal spine
    different numbers of vertebrae
  31. Elbow
    front limb knee-joint
  32. stifle
    back leg knee-joint
  33. carpus
    wrist
  34. tarsus
    hock, ankle
  35. hock
    tarsus, ankle
  36. sternum
    made up of sternebra.
  37. adduct, abduct, circumduct
    add to midline, subtract from midline, move distal part in a circle (not rotation)
  38. mandible
    bottom jaw
  39. maxilla
    top jaw
  40. digits
    5 per front foot, 4 per back foot. Contain 3 phalangies each.  Count from inside out. 
  41. Pinna
    outer part of the ear
  42. brachium
    upper part of arm
  43. antebrachium
    lower part of arm
  44. nasal bone
    2 bones around the nose
  45. incisive bone
    premaxilla.  Holds the incisors.  Very front upper jaw, under nasal bone
  46. maxilla
    either side of incisive, hold the upper teeth
  47. palatine bone
    hard palate--roof of the mouth
  48. lacrimal bone
    tear duct bone.  Just inside the inner orbit
  49. zygomatic arch
    arching cheekbone
  50. mandible
    lower jaw bone
  51. frontal bone
    two forehead bones
  52. parietal bone
    2 center head bones
  53. orbit
    eye socket
  54. temporal bone
    lower back side skull bones
  55. occipital bone
    back of skull bone. 
  56. pterygoid bone
    poky wing bones of soft palate
  57. sphenoid bone
    floor of cranial cavity (behind nose)
  58. vomer
    nasal septum
  59. ethmoid bone
    behind lacrimal bone.  Contains the cribiform plate (visible in bisected skull)
  60. tympanic bulla
    round bits at the back/bottom of the skull
  61. coronal suture
    side-to-side suture across the top of the head
  62. sagittal crest
    up and down part of the triad in the back
  63. mastoid process
    bumps toward the back of the tympanic bullae
  64. infraorbital foraman
    big hole under eye socket
  65. cribiform plate
    bisected skull--plate over nasal turbinates.  Part of ethmoid bone
  66. jugular foramen
    hole behind tympanic bullae
  67. foraman ovale
    last of four holes behind orbit
  68. foramen rotundum
    second to last of four holes in orbit
  69. orbital fissure
    second of four holes of orbit
  70. optic canal
    first of four holes of orbit
  71. mental foramen
    two holes in front of mandible bone--look like nutrient foramen
  72. choanae
    under-skull back nose holes
  73. mandibular symphysis
    where the two bones of the mandible join together
  74. hyoid apparatus
    h-shaped bone structure in the throat.  Very delicate
  75. basihyoid
    center bar of H of hyoid apparatus
  76. vertebral arch
    lamina and pedicle
  77. vertebral lamina
    top diagonal part around foramen of vertebrae
  78. vertebral pedicle
    sides surrounding vertebral foramen
  79. vertebral foramen
    hole for spinal cord in vertebrae
  80. vertebral body
    large bone part below foramen
  81. transerse process of vertebrae
    side "wings"
  82. articular process of vertebrae
    place where vertebrae join together to articulate.  part of pedicle. 
  83. anticlinal vertebra
    T11.  The one that faces up and changes the direction of slant. 
  84. Atlas
    C1.  Flat and wing-nut shaped
  85. Axis
    C2.  Very arch-bony. 
  86. manubrium
    S1--1st sternebra
  87. Xiphoid
    last sternebra
  88. costal cartilege
    attaches to ribs to hold them to the sternebra
  89. scapula
    shoulder blade
  90. supracondyloid foramen
    large hole in medial part of humerus
  91. humerus
    upper arm bone
  92. ulna
    lower arm bone that contains elbow.  lateral and caudal. 
  93. radius
    lower arm bone.  medial and cranial. 
  94. sesamoid bones
    tiny bones on bottom of digits (where phalanges meet)
  95. scapular spine
    poky part of scapula
  96. supraspinous fossa
    area cranial to scapular spine
  97. infraspinous fossa
    area caudal to scapular spine
  98. supraglenoid tubercle
    tiny bumps on scapula before humerus-socket
  99. glenoid cavity
    humerus-socket on scapula
  100. Acromion
    lowest pointy part of scapular spine
  101. metacromion
    flat part of scapular spine
  102. trochlea of the humerus
    flat spine (scroll-like) by the supracondyloid foramen
  103. head and neck of humerus
    ball and small part leading up to ball of upper arm bone
  104. major and minor tubercles of humerus
    flat parts on either side of the head
  105. suprahamate process
    metacromion.  Fat part of scapular spine
  106. deltoid tuberosity
    bump partway down shaft of humerus
  107. medial and lateral epicondyles
    outer-most parts of the scrolls (opposite head). 
  108. Olecranon
    elbow (ulna)
  109. Aconeal process
    top of arch below elbow
  110. coronoid process
    bottom of arch below elbow
  111. carpal/metacarpal bones
    wrist/hand bones.  First row of carpal bones are named, second are numbered. 
  112. femur
    upper back leg
  113. Tibia
    bigger, medial, cranial lower leg bone. 
  114. fibula
    thinner, lateral caudal lower leg bone
  115. tarsus/metatarsus
    ankle and foot bones.  Metatarsals are long.  first row of tarsals are named, second are numbered. 
  116. Phalanges
    digit-bones.  P1, P2, P3 from top to claw in each digit
  117. Trochanteric fossa
    dip in top of femur below trochanter
  118. lateral/medial epicondyles of femur
    very outside of bottom of femur (scroll)
  119. lateral/medial condyles of femur
    scroll part of scrolls
  120. intercondylar eminence
    little bumps on top of tibia that fit between scrolls of femur
  121. Tibial tuberosity
    flat spot on front of tibia
  122. medial malleolus
    medial, distal-most part of tibia
  123. talus
    fat spool-like bone of tarsus
  124. calcaneus
    long bone of tarsus
  125. os coxae
    halves of pelvis
  126. Ilium
    wing of pelvis
  127. ischium
    fatter side of foramen
  128. pubis
    thinner side of foramen
  129. acetabulum
    socket for femur in pelvis
  130. pubic symphysis
    part of pubic bone (upper part of attachment) that attaches to other os coxae
  131. head of femur
    ball-joint
  132. greater trochanter
    large part of femur next to the head
  133. neck of femur
    thin part behind the head

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