Terminology 1-4 chaps

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dzuikike
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170696
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Terminology 1-4 chaps
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2012-09-17 15:48:50
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  1. skin (2)
    • dermat/o 
    • cutan/e 


    dermat/itis, cutan/ous
  2. kidney (2)
    • nephr/o
    • ren/o

    nephr/oma, ren/al
  3. mouth
    • stomat/o
    • or/o

    stomat/itis, or/al
  4. red
    erythr/o

    erythr/o/cyte
  5. stomach
    gastr/o
  6. inflamation
    -itis

    gastr/itis
  7. enlargement
    -megaly
  8. tumor
    -oma
  9. liver
    hepat/o

    hepat/oma
  10. without, not
    an-

    an/esthes/ia
  11. feeling
    esthes/o

    anesthesia
  12. condition
    -ia
  13. excessive
    hyper-
  14. heat
    therm/o
  15. in, within
    intra-

    inrta/muscul/ar
  16. muscle
    muscul/o


    intra/muscul/ar
  17. pertaining to
    -ar
  18. near, beside
    para-

    para/nas/al
  19. pertaining to
    -al

    para/nas/al
  20. many, much
    poly-
  21. urine
    ur/o

    poly/ur/ia
  22. intestine
    enter/o

    gastro/enter/itis
  23. cartilage
    chondr/o

    osteo/chondr/itis (inflamation of bone and cartilage)
  24. joint
    arthr/o

    arthr/itis
  25. spleen
    splen/o
  26. uterus
    hyster/o
  27. nerve
    neur/o
  28. ear
    ot/o
  29. water
    hydr/o
  30. -desis
    fixation
  31. -ist
    specialist
  32. -ectomy
    excision, removal of
  33. blood
    hemat/o

    hemat/emesis
  34. vomiting
    -emesis

    hemat/emesis
  35. pain
    -dynia

    gastro/dynia (pain in the stomach)
  36. study
    -logy

    hemat/o/logy
  37. surgical puncture
    -centesis

    arthr/o/centesis (surgical puncture of the joint)
  38. brain
    encephal/o
  39. meninges
    mening/o

    mening/itis
  40. to break, surgical fracture
    -clasis

    oste/o/clasis
  41. binding, fixation
    -desis

    arthr/o/desis
  42. seperation, destruction
    -lysis

    thromb/o/lysis (destruction of a blood clot)
  43. fixation (of an organ)
    -pexy

    mast/o/pexy (fixation of the breast)
  44. surgical repair
    -plasty

    rhin/o/plasty
  45. suture
    -rrhaphy

    my/o/rrhaphy (suture of a muscle)
  46. forming an opening (mouth)
    -stomy

    trache/o/stomy
  47. instrument to cut
    -tome

    oste/o/tome (to cut bone)
  48. incision
    -tomy

    trache/o/tomy
  49. cruching
    -tripsy

    lith/o/tripsy
  50. record, writing
    -gram


    electr/o/cardi/o/gram
  51. instrument of recording
    -graph


    cardi/o/graph
  52. process of recording
    -graphy

    angi/o/graphy
  53. instrument for measuring
    -meter

    pelv/i/meter
  54. blood clot
    thromb/o
  55. breast
    mast/o
  56. nose
    rhin/o
  57. muscle
    my/o
  58. trachea (windpipe)
    trache/o
  59. stone, calculus
    lith/o
  60. vessel
    angi/o
  61. instrumenr for examining
    -scope

    endo/scope (instrument for examining wothin)
  62. visual examination
    -scopy

    endo/scopy
  63. pain (2)
    • -algia
    • -dynia

    neur/algia, ot/o/dynia
  64. hernia, swelling
    -cele

    hepat/o/cele
  65. dilation, expansion
    -ectasis

    bronchi/ectasis
  66. swelling
    -edema

    lymph/edema (swelling and accumulation of tissue fluid)
  67. blood condition
    -enemia

    an/emia (blood condition caused by a dicrease in the red blood cells)
  68. forming, producing, origin
    • -gen
    • -genesis


    carcin/o/gen (origin of cancer), carsin/o/genesis (forming or producing a cancer)
  69. abnormal condition
    -iasis

    chol/e/lith/iasis (abnormal condition f gallstones)
  70. stone, calculus
    -lith

    chole/o/lith
  71. softening
    -malacia

    chondr/o/malasia
  72. abnormal condition
    -osis


    cyan/osis (abnormal blue color)
  73. disease
    -pathy

    my/o/pathy (disease of muscle)
  74. deficiency, decrease
    -penia

    erythr/o/penia  (dicrease in red blood cells)
  75. eating, swallowing
    -phagia

    dys/phagia
  76. bad, difficult
    dys-

    dys/phagia
  77. formation (2)
    • -plasia
    • -plasm

    dys/plasia, neo/plasm
  78. new
    neo-

    neo/plasm
  79. paralysis
    -plegia

    hemi/plegia (one half paralysis)
  80. one half
    hemi-
  81. prolapse,, downward displacement
    -ptosis

    blephar/o/ptosis
  82. eyelid
    blephar/o
  83. bursting forth (of)
    -rrhage

    hem/o/rrhage  (bursting forth blood)
  84. discharge, flow
    -rrhea

    dia/rrhea  (abnormal discharge or flow through)
  85. through
    dia-
  86. rupture
    -rrhexis

    arteri/o/rrhexis (rupture of an artery)
  87. abnormal condition, hardening
    -sclerosis

    arteri/o/sclerosis (hardening of an artery)
  88. involuntary contraction, twitching
    -spasm

    blephar/o/spasm
  89. narrowing, stricture
    -stenosis

    arteri/o/stenosis
  90. poison
    -toxic

    hepat/o/toxin
  91. nourishment, development
    -trophy

    dys/trophy (bad nourishment)
  92. pertsining to
    -ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -eal, -ic, ical, -ile, -ior, -ous, -tic (11)

    cardi/ac,  neur/al,  muscul/a,   pulmon/ary, esophag/eal,  thorac/ic,  path/o/log/ical,  pen/ile,  pster/ior,   cutane/ous,   acous/tic
  93. condition (3)
    -esis,  -ia,  -ism, 

    di/ur/esis, pneumon/ia,  hyper/thyroid/ism
  94. lung
    pneumon/o
  95. medicine; treatment
    -iatry

    pod/iatry (specialty concern in treatment condition prevention of feet)
  96. foot
    pod/o
  97. specialist (2)
    -ician,  -ist

    obstetr/ician,  hemat/o/log/ist
  98. study of
    log/o
  99. condition, process
    -y

    neur/o/path/y (condition of nerve disease)
  100. small, minute (3)
    -icle, -ole,  -ule

    ventr/icle (small cavity),   arteri/ole (smallest artery), ven/ule (small vein)
  101. belly, belly side
    ventr/o
  102. before
    pre-

    pre/natal
  103. around
    peri-

    peri/nat/al
  104. pretain to birth
    • -al
    • nat/o

    natal
  105. after
    post-
  106. above, upon
    epi-

    epi/gastr/ic
  107. under
    hypo-
  108. under, below
    infra-

    infta/cost/al (pretaining below the ribs)
  109. under
    sub-

    sub/nas/al
  110. between
    inter-

    inter/cost/al
  111. after, behinf
    post-

    post/nat/al
  112. befire, in front of (2)
    pre-, pro-


    prenatal, pro/gnosis
  113. knowing
    -gnosis
  114. backward, behind
    retro-

    retro/version (backward turning)
  115. two
    bi-

    bi/later/al (pretaining to two sides)
  116. double (2)
    dipl-, diplo-

    diplo/bacteri/al


    dipl/opia (double vision)
  117. vision
    -opia
  118. one half
    hemi-

    hemi/plegia (paralysis of one side)
  119. excessive
    hyper-

    hyper/calc/emia (blood condition of excessive calcium)
  120. cell
    -cyte
  121. instrument of examining
    -scope

    micro/scope
  122. one (2)
    mono-, uni-

    mono/therapy, uni/nucle/ar
  123. many (2)
    multi-, poly-

    • multi/gravida (woman who was pregnant more then once)
    • poly/phobia (fear of many things)
  124. pregnant woman
    -gravida
  125. first
    primi-

    primi/gravida
  126. four
    quadri-
  127. three
    tri-

    tri/ceps (three heads)
  128. away from
    ab-


    ab/duction
  129. toward
    ad-


    ad/uction
  130. around (2)
    circum-  peri-


    circum/ren/al (pretaining aroung kidneys, )peri/odont/al (pretaining to around the tooth)
  131. around (2)
    • peri-
    • circum-

    peri/odont/al (pretaining to around the tooth)
  132. teeth
    odont/o
  133. through, across (2)
    dia-, trans-

    dia/rrhea, trans/vegin/al
  134. outside, outward (3)
    ecto-, exo-, extra-


    • ecto/gen/ous (pr to form outside the structure)
    • exo/tropia (turning outward)
    • extra/crani/al (outside the skull)
  135. in, within (2)
    endo-, intra


    endo/crine (secrete within), intra/muscul/ar (within the muscle)
  136. near, beside, beyond
    para-


    para/nas/al
  137. upper, above
    super-

    superior
  138. above; excessive;superior
    supra-


    supra/ren/al
  139. exess, beyond
    untra-

    ultra/son/ic (pretaining to sound beyond)
  140. with, without (2)
    a-, an-

    a/mast/ia, an/esthesia
  141. feeling
    -esthesia
  142. against (2)
    anti-, contra-


    anti/bacteri/al, contra/ception
  143. conseiving
    -ception
  144. slow
    brady-

    bradyc/cardia ( slow heart rate)
  145. bad, painful, difficult
    dys-

    dys/tocia (difficult labor)
  146. good, normal
    eu-

    eu/pnea (normal breathing)
  147. different
    hetero-


    hetero/graft (different transplant)
  148. same (2)
    homo-, homeo-


    homo/graft (same trasnplant), homeo/plasia (similar formation of the tissue in the part that has one already)
  149. bad
    mal-

    mal/nutrition
  150. all
    pan-

    pan/arthr/itis (inflamation of all joints)
  151. false
    pseudo-

    pseudo/cyesis (false pregnancy)
  152. union, together, joined
    syn-

    syn/dactyl/ism (condision of joined fingers)
  153. rapid
    tachy-

    tachy/pnea
  154. cell
    cyt/o

    cyt/o/logist (specialist in study of the cell)
  155. tissue
    hist/o

    hist/o/logy
  156. nucleus (2)
    kary/o, nucle/o

    kary/o/lysis (destruction of the nucleus), nucle/ar
  157. anterior, front
    anter/o

    anter/ior
  158. tail
    caud/o

    caud/ad (toward the tail)
  159. cranium, skull
    crani/o

    crani/al
  160. far, farthest
    dist/o

    dist/al
  161. back (of the body)
    dors/o

    dors/al
  162. lower, below
    infer/o

    infer/ior
  163. side, to one side
    later/o

    later/al
  164. middle
    medi/o

    medi/ad (toward the middle)
  165. back, behind
    poster/o

    postr/ior
  166. near, nearest
    proxim/o
  167. belly, belly side
    ventr/o
  168. neck, cevix uteri
    cervic/o

    cervic/al
  169. stomach
    gastr/o

    hypo/gastr/ic
  170. illium
    ili/o

    ili/al
  171. groin
    inguin/o
  172. loins (lower back)
    lumb/o
  173. pelvis (2)
    pelv/i, pelv/o

    pelv/i/meter, pelv/ic
  174. chest
    thorac/o
  175. navel
    umbilic/o
  176. white (2)
    albin/o, leuk/o

    albin/ism, leuk/o/cyte
  177. green
    chlor/o
  178. color
    chrom/o

    hetero/chrom/ic (pretaining to different color)
  179. yellow (3)
    cirrh/o, jaund/o, xanth/o

    cirrh/osis (abnormal yellow), jaund/ice (yellowing), xanth/o/cyte (yellow cell)
  180. blue
    cyan/o

    cyan/o/tic
  181. red
    erythr/o
  182. black
    melan/o

    melan/oma (black tumor)
  183. gray; gray matter
    poli/o

    poli/o/myel/itis (inflamation af the gray matter in the spinal cord)
  184. extremity
    acr/o

    acr/o/cyan/osis (abnormal condition when the skin of the extremeties are blue)
  185. cause
    eti/o

    eti/o/logy
  186. unknown, pecular
    idi/o

    idi/o/path/ic (pretainiong to of an unknown cause of disease)
  187. form, shape
    morph/o

    morph/o/logy
  188. disease
    path/o

    path/ologist
  189. radiation
    radi/o
  190. body
    somat/o

    somat/ic
  191. internal organs
    viscer/o
  192. dry
    xer/o

    xer/osis (abnormal condition of dryness)
  193. forming
    -genesis

    path/o/genesis
  194. knowing
    -gnosis
  195. record
    -gram
  196. instrument of recording
    -graph
  197. specialist in the study
    -logist
  198. study of
    -logy
  199. instrument for measuring
    -meter
  200. act of measuring
    -metry
  201. exess, beyond
    ultra-

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